A Dirty War In West Africa

A Dirty War in West Africa PDF
Author: Lansana Gberie
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253218551
Size: 41.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 7712

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A Dirty War In West Africa

by Lansana Gberie, A Dirty War In West Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Dirty War In West Africa books, Since 1991, this West African nation has been brought to its knees by a series of coups, violent conflicts, and finally, outright war. The war has ended today, but it is clear that things are hardly settled. Focusing on the group spearheading the violence, the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), journalist Lansana Gberie exposes the corruption and appalling use of rape and mutilation as tactics to overthrow the former government. Gberie looks closely at the rise of the RUF and its ruthless leader, Foday Sankoh, as he seeks to understand the personalities and parties involved in the war.


Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone PDF
Author: David Harris
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190238054
Size: 49.12 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 4230

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Sierra Leone

by David Harris, Sierra Leone Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Sierra Leone books, Sierra Leone came to world attention in the 1990s when a catastrophic civil war linked to the diamond trade was reported globally. This fleeting and particular interest, however, obscured two crucial processes in this small West African state. On the one hand, while the civil war was momentous, brutal and affected all Sierra Leoneans, it was also just one element in the long and faltering attempt to build a nation and state given the country's immensely problematic pre-colonial and British colonial legacies. On the other, the aftermath of the war precipitated a huge international effort to construct a 'liberal peace', with mixed results, and thus made Sierra Leone a laboratory for post-Cold War interventions. Sierra Leone examines 225 years of its history and fifty years of independence, placing state- society relations at the centre of an original and revealing investigation of those who have tried to rule or change Sierra Leone and its inhabitants and the responses engendered. It interweaves the historical narrative with sketches of politicians, anecdotes, the landscape and environment and key turning-points, alongside theoretical and other comparisons with the rest of Africa. It is a new contribution to the debate for those who already know Sierra Leone and a solid point of entry for those who wish to know.


Gender And Power In Sierra Leone

Gender and Power in Sierra Leone PDF
Author: L. Day
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230337929
Size: 32.39 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 229
View: 7217

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Gender And Power In Sierra Leone

by L. Day, Gender And Power In Sierra Leone Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Gender And Power In Sierra Leone books, This book addresses the gendered political authority in Sierra Leone, a relatively unknown topic, and looks at the part it plays in women's history, political history, political transformation in Africa, and global women's political leadership.


Childhood Deployed

Childhood Deployed PDF
Author: Susan Shepler
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814760929
Size: 67.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 223
View: 614

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Childhood Deployed

by Susan Shepler, Childhood Deployed Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Childhood Deployed books, Childhood Deployed examines the reintegration of former child soldiers in Sierra Leone. Based on eighteen months of participant-observer ethnographic fieldwork and ten years of follow-up research, the book argues that there is a fundamental disconnect between the Western idea of the child soldier and the individual lived experiences of the child soldiers of Sierra Leone. Susan Shepler contends that the reintegration of former child soldiers is a political process having to do with changing notions of childhood as one of the central structures of society. For most Westerners the tragedy of the idea of “child soldier” centers around perceptions of lost and violated innocence. In contrast, Shepler finds that for most Sierra Leoneans, the problem is not lost innocence but the horror of being separated from one’s family and the resulting generational break in youth education. Further, Shepler argues that Sierra Leonean former child soldiers find themselves forced to strategically perform (or refuse to perform) as the“child soldier” Western human rights initiatives expect in order to most effectively gain access to the resources available for their social reintegration. The strategies don’t always work—in some cases, Shepler finds, Western human rights initiatives do more harm than good. While this volume focuses on the well-known case of child soldiers in Sierra Leone, it speaks to the larger concerns of childhood studies with a detailed ethnography of people struggling over the situated meaning of the categories of childhood.It offers an example of the cultural politics of childhood in action, in which the very definition of childhood is at stake and an important site of political contestation.


History Memory And State Sponsored Violence

History  Memory  and State Sponsored Violence PDF
Author: Berber Bevernage
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136634444
Size: 42.22 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 250
View: 2447

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History Memory And State Sponsored Violence

by Berber Bevernage, History Memory And State Sponsored Violence Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download History Memory And State Sponsored Violence books, Modern historiography embraces the notion that time is irreversible, implying that the past should be imagined as something ‘absent’ or ‘distant.’ Victims of historical injustice, however, in contrast, often claim that the past got ‘stuck’ in the present and that it retains a haunting presence. History, Memory, and State-Sponsored Violence is centered around the provocative thesis that the way one deals with historical injustice and the ethics of history is strongly dependent on the way one conceives of historical time; that the concept of time traditionally used by historians is structurally more compatible with the perpetrators’ than the victims’ point of view. Demonstrating that the claim of victims about the continuing presence of the past should be taken seriously, instead of being treated as merely metaphorical, Berber Bevernage argues that a genuine understanding of the ‘irrevocable’ past demands a radical break with modern historical discourse and the concept of time. By embedding a profound philosophical reflection on the themes of historical time and historical discourse in a concrete series of case studies, this project transcends the traditional divide between ‘empirical’ historiography on the one hand and the so called ‘theoretical’ approaches to history on the other. It also breaks with the conventional ‘analytical’ philosophy of history that has been dominant during the last decades, raising a series of long-neglected ‘big questions’ about the historical condition – questions about historical time, the unity of history, and the ontological status of present and past –programmatically pleading for a new historical ethics.


New Armies From Old

New Armies from Old PDF
Author: Roy Licklider
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1626160449
Size: 80.57 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 6209

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New Armies From Old

by Roy Licklider, New Armies From Old Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download New Armies From Old books, Negotiating a peaceful end to civil wars, which often includes an attempt to bring together former rival military or insurgent factions into a new national army, has been a frequent goal of conflict resolution practitioners since the Cold War. In practice, however, very little is known about what works, and what doesn’t work, in bringing together former opponents to build a lasting peace. Contributors to this volume assess why some civil wars result in successful military integration while others dissolve into further strife, factionalism, and even renewed civil war. Eleven cases are studied in detail—Sudan, Zimbabwe, Lebanon, Rwanda, the Philippines, South Africa, Mozambique, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Burundi—while other chapters compare military integration with corporate mergers and discuss some of the hidden costs and risks of merging military forces. New Armies from Old fills a serious gap in our understanding of civil wars, their possible resolution, and how to promote lasting peace, and will be of interest to scholars and students of conflict resolution, international affairs, and peace and security studies.


Clarity Cut And Culture

Clarity  Cut  and Culture PDF
Author: Susan Falls
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479834394
Size: 70.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 4793

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Clarity Cut And Culture

by Susan Falls, Clarity Cut And Culture Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Clarity Cut And Culture books, Images of diamonds appear everywhere in American culture. And everyone who has a diamond has a story to tell about it. Our stories about diamonds not only reveal what we do with these tiny stones, but also suggest how we create value, meaning, and identity through our interactions with material culture in general. Things become meaningful through our interactions with them, but how do people go about making meaning? What can we learn from an ethnography about the production of identity, creation of kinship, and use of diamonds in understanding selves and social relationships? By what means do people positioned within a globalized political-economy and a compelling universe of advertising interact locally with these tiny polished rocks? This book draws on 12 months of fieldwork with diamond consumers in New York City as well as an analysis of the iconic De Beers campaign that promised romance, status, and glamour to anyone who bought a diamond to show that this thematic pool is just one resource among many that diamond owners draw upon to engage with their own stones. The volume highlights the important roles that memory, context, and circumstance also play in shaping how people interpret and then use objects in making personal worlds. It shows that besides operating as subjects in an ad-burdened universe, consumers are highly creative, idiosyncratic, and theatrical agents.


War And Embodied Memory

War and Embodied Memory PDF
Author: Dr Maria Berghs
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409472825
Size: 42.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 274
View: 5869

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War And Embodied Memory

by Dr Maria Berghs, War And Embodied Memory Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download War And Embodied Memory books, How do you become an 'amputee', 'war-wounded', 'victim' or 'disabled' person? This book describes how an amputee and war-wounded community was created after a decade long conflict (1991-2002) in Sierra Leone. Beginning with a general socio-cultural and historical analysis of what is understood by impairment and disability, it also explains how disability was politically created both during the conflict and post-conflict, as violence became part of the everyday. Despite participating in the neoliberal rebuilding of the nation state, ex-combatants and the security of the nation were the government’s main priorities, not amputee and war-wounded people. In order to survive, people had to form partnerships with NGOs and participate in new discourses and practices around disability and rights, thus accessing identities of 'disabled' or 'persons with disabilities'. NGOs, charities and religious organisations that understood impairment and disability were most successful at aiding this community of people. However, since discourse and practice on disability were mainly bureaucratic, top-down, and not democratic about mainstreaming disability, neoliberal organisations and INGOs have caused a new colonisation of consciousness, and amputee and war-wounded people have had to become skilled in negotiating these new forms of subjectivities to survive.


Peacekeeping In Sierra Leone

Peacekeeping in Sierra Leone PDF
Author: ʼFunmi Olonisakin
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN:
Size: 31.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 205
View: 7638

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Peacekeeping In Sierra Leone

by ʼFunmi Olonisakin, Peacekeeping In Sierra Leone Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Peacekeeping In Sierra Leone books, The first in a series of inside histories, Peacekeeping in Sierra Leone relates how a small country one insignificant in the strategic considerations of the world powers propelled the United Nations to center stage in a crisis that called its very authority into serious question; and how the UN mission in Sierra Leone was transformed from its nadir into what is now widely considered one of the most successful peacekeeping missions in UN history. moments, and the reasoning behind strategic decisions. She also captures UNAMSIL's internal struggle as it fought to regain some honor after the May 2000 crisis, when the UN had to rely on the infamous Charles Taylor to broker the release of 500 peacekeeper hostages. UNAMSIL mission, but also reflects on its meaning for current and future peace operations in Africa and beyond.


Epistemologies Of African Conflicts

Epistemologies of African Conflicts PDF
Author: Z. Wai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137280808
Size: 10.14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 263
View: 7546

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Epistemologies Of African Conflicts

by Z. Wai, Epistemologies Of African Conflicts Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Epistemologies Of African Conflicts books, This book offers a bold, ground-breaking epistemological critique of the dominant discourses on African conflicts. Based on a painstaking study of the ways in which the Sierra Leone civil war has been interpreted, it considers how Africa is constructed as a site of knowledge and the implications that this has for the continent and its people.