A Metaphysics For Scientific Realism

A Metaphysics for Scientific Realism PDF
Author: Anjan Chakravartty
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139468391
Size: 55.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages :
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A Metaphysics For Scientific Realism

by Anjan Chakravartty, A Metaphysics For Scientific Realism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Metaphysics For Scientific Realism books, Scientific realism is the view that our best scientific theories give approximately true descriptions of both observable and unobservable aspects of a mind-independent world. Debates between realists and their critics are at the very heart of the philosophy of science. Anjan Chakravartty traces the contemporary evolution of realism by examining the most promising strategies adopted by its proponents in response to the forceful challenges of antirealist sceptics, resulting in a positive proposal for scientific realism today. He examines the core principles of the realist position, and sheds light on topics including the varieties of metaphysical commitment required, and the nature of the conflict between realism and its empiricist rivals. By illuminating the connections between realist interpretations of scientific knowledge and the metaphysical foundations supporting them, his book offers a compelling vision of how realism can provide an internally consistent and coherent account of scientific knowledge.


Metaphysics And Scientific Realism

Metaphysics and Scientific Realism PDF
Author: Francesco Federico Calemi
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110455005
Size: 13.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 270
View: 3431

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Metaphysics And Scientific Realism

by Francesco Federico Calemi, Metaphysics And Scientific Realism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Metaphysics And Scientific Realism books, David Malet Armstrong (8 July 1926–13 May 2014) has been one of the most influential contemporary metaphysicians working in the analytic tradition and surely the greatest 20th century Australian philosopher. His main merit is to have reestablished metaphysics as a respectable branch of philosophy placing it at the centre of the philosophical debate, and giving it the status of an authoritative and competent interlocutor of both rational and empirical sciences. By means of a rigorously argumentative approach and a sharp prose, Armstrong has built a whole metaphysical system, that is, a comprehensive and unified picture of the fundamental structure of the world. The various chapters of the book address the key issues concerning Armstrong' view about the problem of universals, the nature of states of affairs, the ontological ground of possibility, nomic necessity, and dispositions, the truthmaker theory, and the theory of mind. This volume aims to celebrate Armstrong’s memory bringing new understanding, and hopefully stimulating more work, on his philosophy, with the conviction that it constitutes an invaluable heritage for contemporary research in metaphysics.


An Epistemic Foundation For Scientific Realism

An Epistemic Foundation for Scientific Realism PDF
Author: John Wright
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030022188
Size: 41.69 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 220
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An Epistemic Foundation For Scientific Realism

by John Wright, An Epistemic Foundation For Scientific Realism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download An Epistemic Foundation For Scientific Realism books, This monograph develops a new way of justifying the claims made by science about phenomenon not directly observable by humans, such as atoms and black holes. It details a way of making inferences to the existence and properties of unobservable entities and states of affairs that can be given a probabilistic justification. The inferences used to establish realist claims are not a form of, and neither do they rely on, inference to the best explanation. Scientific Realism maintains that scientific theories and hypotheses refer to real entities, forces, and relations, even if one cannot examine them. But, there are those who doubt these claims. The author develops a novel way of defending Scientific Realism against a range of influential attacks. He argues that in some cases, at least, we can make probabilistically justifiable inferences from observed data to claims about unobservable, theoretical entities. He shows how this enables us to place some scientific realist claims on a firmer epistemological footing than has previously been the case. This also makes it possible to give a unified set of replies to the most common objections to Scientific Realism. The final chapters apply the developed conceptual apparatus to key cases from the history of science and from recent science. One example concerns realism with respect to atoms. Another looks at inferences from recent astronomical data to conclusions about the size and shape of those parts of the universe lying beyond that which we can observe.


Scientific Realism And The Rationality Of Science

Scientific Realism and the Rationality of Science PDF
Author: Howard Sankey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317058801
Size: 24.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 162
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Scientific Realism And The Rationality Of Science

by Howard Sankey, Scientific Realism And The Rationality Of Science Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Scientific Realism And The Rationality Of Science books, Scientific realism is the position that the aim of science is to advance on truth and increase knowledge about observable and unobservable aspects of the mind-independent world which we inhabit. This book articulates and defends that position. In presenting a clear formulation and addressing the major arguments for scientific realism Sankey appeals to philosophers beyond the community of, typically Anglo-American, analytic philosophers of science to appreciate and understand the doctrine. The book emphasizes the epistemological aspects of scientific realism and contains an original solution to the problem of induction that rests on an appeal to the principle of uniformity of nature.


The Routledge Handbook Of Scientific Realism

The Routledge Handbook of Scientific Realism PDF
Author: Juha Saatsi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351362909
Size: 42.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 456
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The Routledge Handbook Of Scientific Realism

by Juha Saatsi, The Routledge Handbook Of Scientific Realism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Routledge Handbook Of Scientific Realism books, Scientific realism is a central, long-standing, and hotly debated topic in philosophy of science. Debates about scientific realism concern the very nature and extent of scientific knowledge and progress. Scientific realists defend a positive epistemic attitude towards our best theories and models regarding how they represent the world that is unobservable to our naked senses. Various realist theses are under sceptical fire from scientific antirealists, e.g. empiricists and instrumentalists. The different dimensions of the ensuing debate centrally connect to numerous other topics in philosophy of science and beyond. The Routledge Handbook of Scientific Realism is an outstanding reference source – the first collection of its kind – to the key issues, positions, and arguments in this important topic. Its thirty-four chapters, written by a team of international experts, are divided into five parts: Historical development of the realist stance Classic debate: core issues and positions Perspectives on contemporary debates The realism debate in disciplinary context Broader reflections In these sections, the core issues and debates presented, analysed, and set into broader historical and disciplinary contexts. The central issues covered include motivations and arguments for realism; challenges to realism from underdetermination and history of science; different variants of realism; the connection of realism to relativism and perspectivism; and the relationship between realism, metaphysics, and epistemology. The Routledge Handbook of Scientific Realism is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of science. It will also be very useful for anyone interested in the nature and extent of scientific knowledge.


Scientific Realism And The Quantum

Scientific Realism and the Quantum PDF
Author: Steven French
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198814976
Size: 76.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 352
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Scientific Realism And The Quantum

by Steven French, Scientific Realism And The Quantum Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Scientific Realism And The Quantum books, Quantum theory is widely regarded as one of the most successful theories in the history of science. It explains a hugely diverse array of phenomena and is a natural candidate for our best representation of the world at the level of 'fundamental' physics. But how can the world be the way quantum theory says it is? It is famously unclear what the world is like according to quantum physics, which presents a serious problem for the scientific realist who is committed to regarding our best theories as more or less true. The present volume canvasses a variety of responses to this problem, from restricting or revising realism in different ways to exploring entirely new directions in the lively debate surrounding realist interpretations of quantum physics. Some urge us to focus on new formulations of the theory itself, while others examine the status of scientific realism in the further context of quantum field theory. Each chapter is written by a renowned specialist in the field and is aimed at graduate students and researchers in both physics and the philosophy of science. Together they offer a range of illuminating new perspectives on this fundamental debate and exemplify the fruitful interaction between physics and philosophy.


A Critical Introduction To Scientific Realism

A Critical Introduction to Scientific Realism PDF
Author: Paul Dicken
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 147257589X
Size: 69.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 244
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A Critical Introduction To Scientific Realism

by Paul Dicken, A Critical Introduction To Scientific Realism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Critical Introduction To Scientific Realism books, What are the reasons for believing scientific theories to be true? The contemporary debate around scientific realism exposes questions about the very nature of scientific knowledge. A Critical Introduction to Scientific Realism explores and advances the main topics of the debate, allowing epistemologists to make new connections with the philosophy of science. Moving from its origins in logical positivism to some of the most recent issues discussed in the literature, this critical introduction covers the no-miracles argument, the pessimistic meta-induction and structural realism. Placing arguments in their historical context, Paul Dicken approaches scientific realism debate as a particular instance of our more general epistemological investigations. The recurrent theme is that the scientific realism debate is in fact a pseudo-philosophical question. Concerned with the methodology of the scientific realism debate, Dicken asks what it means to offer an epistemological assessment of our scientific practices. Taking those practices as a guide to our epistemological reflections, A Critical Introduction to Scientific Realism fills a gap in current introductory texts and presents a fresh approach to understanding a crucial debate.


Carving Nature At Its Joints

Carving Nature at Its Joints PDF
Author: Joseph Keim Campbell
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262297906
Size: 37.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 368
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Carving Nature At Its Joints

by Joseph Keim Campbell, Carving Nature At Its Joints Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Carving Nature At Its Joints books, Reflections on the metaphysics and epistemology of classification from a distinguished group of philosophers. Contemporary discussions of the success of science often invoke an ancient metaphor from Plato's Phaedrus: successful theories should "carve nature at its joints." But is nature really "jointed"? Are there natural kinds of things around which our theories cut? The essays in this volume offer reflections by a distinguished group of philosophers on a series of intertwined issues in the metaphysics and epistemology of classification. The contributors consider such topics as the relevance of natural kinds in inductive inference; the role of natural kinds in natural laws; the nature of fundamental properties; the naturalness of boundaries; the metaphysics and epistemology of biological kinds; and the relevance of biological kinds to certain questions in ethics. Carving Nature at Its Joints offers both breadth and thematic unity, providing a sampling of state-of-the-art work in contemporary analytic philosophy that will be of interest to a wide audience of scholars and students concerned with classification.


Scientific Realism

Scientific Realism PDF
Author: N. Rescher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400939051
Size: 60.23 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 184
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Scientific Realism

by N. Rescher, Scientific Realism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Scientific Realism books, The increasingly lively controversy over scientific realism has become one of the principal themes of recent philosophy. 1 In watching this controversy unfold in the rather technical way currently in vogue, it has seemed to me that it would be useful to view these contemporary disputes against the background of such older epistemological issues as fallibilism, scepticism, relativism, and the traditional realism/idealism debate. This, then, is the object of the present book, which will recon sider the newer concerns about scientific realism in the context of these older philosophical themes. Historically, realism concerns itself with the real existence of things that do not "meet the eye" - with suprasensible entities that lie beyond the reach of human perception. In medieval times, discussions about realism focused upon universals. Recognizing that there are physical objects such as cats and triangular objects and red tomatoes, the medievels debated whether such "abstract objects" as cathood and triangularity and redness also exist by way of having a reality indepen dent of the concretely real things that exhibit them. Three fundamen tally different positions were defended: (1) Nominalism. Abstracta have no independent existence as such: they only "exist" in and through the objects that exhibit them. Only particulars (individual substances) exist. Abstract "objects" are existents in name only, mere thought fictions by whose means we address concrete particular things. (2) Realism. Abstracta have an independent existence as such.


Causality

Causality PDF
Author: Phyllis Illari
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191639680
Size: 30.43 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 3172

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Causality

by Phyllis Illari, Causality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Causality books, Head hits cause brain damage - but not always. Should we ban sport to protect athletes? Exposure to electromagnetic fields is strongly associated with cancer development - does that mean exposure causes cancer? Should we encourage old fashioned communication instead of mobile phones to reduce cancer rates? According to popular wisdom, the Mediterranean diet keeps you healthy. Is this belief scientifically sound? Should public health bodies encourage consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables? Severe financial constraints on research and public policy, media pressure, and public anxiety make such questions of immense current concern not just to philosophers but to scientists, governments, public bodies, and the general public. In the last decade there has been an explosion of theorizing about causality in philosophy, and also in the sciences. This literature is both fascinating and important, but it is involved and highly technical. This makes it inaccessible to many who would like to use it, philosophers and scientists alike. This book is an introduction to philosophy of causality - one that is highly accessible: to scientists unacquainted with philosophy, to philosophers unacquainted with science, and to anyone else lost in the labyrinth of philosophical theories of causality. It presents key philosophical accounts, concepts and methods, using examples from the sciences to show how to apply philosophical debates to scientific problems.