Acid Rain Science And Politics In Japan

Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan PDF
Author: Kenneth E. Wilkening
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262265096
Size: 44.63 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 1328

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Acid Rain Science And Politics In Japan

by Kenneth E. Wilkening, Acid Rain Science And Politics In Japan Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Acid Rain Science And Politics In Japan books, Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan is a pioneering work in environmental and Asian history as well as an in-depth analysis of the influence of science on domestic and international environmental politics. Kenneth Wilkening's study also illuminates the global struggle to create sustainable societies. The Meiji Restoration of 1868 ended Japan's era of isolation- created self-sufficiency and sustainability. The opening of the country to Western ideas and technology not only brought pollution problems associated with industrialization (including acid rain) but also scientific techniques for understanding and combating them. Wilkening identifies three pollution-related "sustainability crises" in modern Japanese history: copper mining in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which spurred Japan's first acid rain research and policy initiatives; horrendous post-World War II domestic industrial pollution, which resulted in a "hidden" acid rain problem; and the present-day global problem of transboundary pollution, in which Japan is a victim of imported acid rain. He traces the country's scientific and policy responses to these crises through six distinct periods related to acid rain problems and argues that Japan's leadership role in East Asian acid rain science and policy today can be explained in large part by the "historical scientific momentum" generated by efforts to confront the issue since 1868, reinforced by Japan's cultural affinity with rain (its "culture of rain"). Wilkening provides an overview of nature, culture, and the acid rain problem in Japan to complement the general set of concepts he develops to analyze the interface of science and politics in environmental policymaking. He concludes with a discussion of lessons from Japan's experience that can be applied to the creation of sustainable societies worldwide.


Science In Environmental Policy

Science in Environmental Policy PDF
Author: Ann Campbell Keller
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262512963
Size: 38.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 278
View: 350

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Science In Environmental Policy

by Ann Campbell Keller, Science In Environmental Policy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Science In Environmental Policy books, An analysis of the role and influence of scientists at the agenda-setting, legislative, and implementation stages of environmental policy making. Scientists often bring issues to the policy agenda, translating scientific questions into everyday language and political terms. When Roger Revelle characterized Earth as a spaceship in testimony to Congress in 1957, his evocative language framed the issue of our planet's climate vulnerability in a way that technical discourse could not. In this book, Ann Campbell Keller examines the influence of scientists on environmental policymaking and makes the novel argument that scientists' adherence to the role of neutral advisor varies over the course of the policymaking process. Keller divides the policy process into three stages--agenda setting, legislation, and implementation--and compares scientists' influence on acid rain and climate change policy at these different stages over the course of several decades. She finds that scientists face more pressure to uphold the ideal of objectivity as policy-making processes advance and become more formalized, and thus are more likely to engage in advocacy and persuasion in the earlier, less formal, agenda-setting stage of the process. In the later, more structured legislative and implementation phases, scientists--working hard to give the appearance of neutral expertise--cede the role of persuader to others. Keller draws on theoretical work in political science and science studies and on empirical evidence from scientific reports, news coverage, congressional hearings, and interviews. Focusing on comparable cases and considering scientists' participation in them over time, she offers unique insights into how the context of decision making affects scientists' policy influence and emphasizes the multiple pathways by which scientific meaning is constructed in public settings.


Regional Risk And Security In Japan

Regional Risk and Security in Japan PDF
Author: Glenn D. Hook
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317584864
Size: 10.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 238
View: 384

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Regional Risk And Security In Japan

by Glenn D. Hook, Regional Risk And Security In Japan Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Regional Risk And Security In Japan books, Japan’s unusual position in the realm of international politics encapsulates a three-fold juxtaposition: both in and out of Asia, both occupied by and a close ally of the United States, and both a key trade partner and a strategic rival of China. Whilst international relations theory offers a number of ways to analyse these relations, this book instead utilizes the concept of risk to provide an innovative perspective on Japan’s relations with China, North Korea and the US. The book elucidates how risk, potential harm and harm are faced disproportionately by certain groups in society. This is demonstrated by providing an empirically rich analysis of the domestic implications of security relations with China, North Korea and the United States through the presence of US troops in Okinawa. Beginning with a theoretical discussion of risk, it goes on to demonstrate how the concept of risk adds value to the study of international relations in three senses. First, the concept helps to break down the boundaries between the international and domestic. Second, the focus on risk and the everyday directs us to ask basic questions about the costs and benefits of a security policy meant to secure the national population. Third, what implications do these two points have for governance? The question is one of governance as Japan’s externally oriented security policy produces domestic insecurity shared disproportionately, not equally, as this volume makes clear. Developing the theory of risk as a tool for understanding international relations, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Asian politics, Japanese politics, international relations and security studies, as well as to policy makers and practitioners working in the field.


Beyond Resource Wars

Beyond Resource Wars PDF
Author: Shlomi Dinar
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026251558X
Size: 69.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 335
View: 2261

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Beyond Resource Wars

by Shlomi Dinar, Beyond Resource Wars Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Beyond Resource Wars books, Common wisdom holds that the Earth's dwindling natural resources and increasing environmental degradation will inevitably lead to inter-state conflict, and possibly even set off 'resource wars'. This book offers a different perspective on the links between environmental problems and inter-state conflict.


Toxic Archipelago

Toxic Archipelago PDF
Author: Brett L. Walker
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295803010
Size: 39.87 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 4691

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Toxic Archipelago

by Brett L. Walker, Toxic Archipelago Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Toxic Archipelago books, Every person on the planet is entangled in a web of ecological relationships that link farms and factories with human consumers. Our lives depend on these relationships -- and are imperiled by them as well. Nowhere is this truer than on the Japanese archipelago. During the nineteenth century, Japan saw the rise of Homo sapiens industrialis, a new breed of human transformed by an engineered, industrialized, and poisonous environment. Toxins moved freely from mines, factory sites, and rice paddies into human bodies. Toxic Archipelago explores how toxic pollution works its way into porous human bodies and brings unimaginable pain to some of them. Brett Walker examines startling case studies of industrial toxins that know no boundaries: deaths from insecticide contaminations; poisonings from copper, zinc, and lead mining; congenital deformities from methylmercury factory effluents; and lung diseases from sulfur dioxide and asbestos. This powerful, probing book demonstrates how the Japanese archipelago has become industrialized over the last two hundred years -- and how people and the environment have suffered as a consequence.


The Global Casino

The Global Casino PDF
Author: Nick Middleton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN:
Size: 19.10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 505
View: 4925

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The Global Casino

by Nick Middleton, The Global Casino Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Global Casino books, he Global Casino is a compelling introduction to environmental issues which links the physical environment to its political, social and economic contexts. Case studies from around the globe are used to illustrate key environmental issues, from global warming and deforestation to natural hazards and soil erosion. The book highlights the underlying causes behind environmental problems, including human actions and emphasises the potential for solutions. In line with contemporary international trends, emphasis is placed on the critical concept of sustainable development. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, with the introduction of new illustrative material and up-to-the-minute case studies on topics such as endangered deep-sea species, the global uptake of unleaded petrol, geothermal energy in Iceland, genocide in Rwanda and the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004. Particularly useful features for students include points for discussion at the end of each chapter as well as a comprehensive glossary. The lists of key readings and websites, again linked specifically to the content of each chapter, have been fully updated and expanded. The Global Casino is the essential course companion for students of the environment, geography, earth sciences and development studies.


Environmental Policy In Japan

Environmental Policy in Japan PDF
Author: Hidefumi Imura
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN:
Size: 74.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 406
View: 3819

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Environmental Policy In Japan

by Hidefumi Imura, Environmental Policy In Japan Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Environmental Policy In Japan books, Japanese environmental management style is in many ways distinct from that found in Europe or the USA. There is less emphasis on litigation, more emphasis on administrative guidance and considerable use of voluntary mechanisms for policy implementation. This volume considers what factors may have contributed to Japan's relatively successful efforts at dealing with severe industrial pollution and problems associated with rapid urbanization.The book introduces Japan's environmental history, its key environmental regulations and the forces that have driven Japan to introduce these environmental regulations and programs. It also examines the various formal and informal institutional mechanisms and policy instruments that have been introduced over the past several decades to implement pollution control and energy conservation. The authors conclude by putting Japan's environmental policy experiences in comparative perspective and considering what useful lessons can be drawn from the Japanese experience for developing nations. Providing a detailed analysis of environmental policies and policy instruments in Japan by leading experts in the field, this book will be of great interest to students of environmental policy and politics and policymakers concerned with environmental protection in Asia.