Animal Personalities

Animal Personalities PDF
Author: Claudio Carere
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226922057
Size: 43.89 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 507
View: 5513

Get Book

Animal Personalities

by Claudio Carere, Animal Personalities Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Animal Personalities books, Ask anyone who has owned a pet and they’ll assure you that, yes, animals have personalities. And science is beginning to agree. Researchers have demonstrated that both domesticated and nondomesticated animals—from invertebrates to monkeys and apes—behave in consistently different ways, meeting the criteria for what many define as personality. But why the differences, and how are personalities shaped by genes and environment? How did they evolve? The essays in Animal Personalities reveal that there is much to learn from our furred and feathered friends. The study of animal personality is one of the fastest-growing areas of research in behavioral and evolutionary biology. Here Claudio Carere and Dario Maestripieri, along with a host of scholars from fields as diverse as ecology, genetics, endocrinology, neuroscience, and psychology, provide a comprehensive overview of the current research on animal personality. Grouped into thematic sections, chapters approach the topic with empirical and theoretical material and show that to fully understand why personality exists, we must consider the evolutionary processes that give rise to personality, the ecological correlates of personality differences, and the physiological mechanisms underlying personality variation.


Animal Personalities

Animal Personalities PDF
Author: Claudio Carere
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226922065
Size: 43.30 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 512
View: 4277

Get Book

Animal Personalities

by Claudio Carere, Animal Personalities Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Animal Personalities books, Ask anyone who has owned a pet and they’ll assure you that, yes, animals have personalities. And science is beginning to agree. Researchers have demonstrated that both domesticated and nondomesticated animals—from invertebrates to monkeys and apes—behave in consistently different ways, meeting the criteria for what many define as personality. But why the differences, and how are personalities shaped by genes and environment? How did they evolve? The essays in Animal Personalities reveal that there is much to learn from our furred and feathered friends. The study of animal personality is one of the fastest-growing areas of research in behavioral and evolutionary biology. Here Claudio Carere and Dario Maestripieri, along with a host of scholars from fields as diverse as ecology, genetics, endocrinology, neuroscience, and psychology, provide a comprehensive overview of the current research on animal personality. Grouped into thematic sections, chapters approach the topic with empirical and theoretical material and show that to fully understand why personality exists, we must consider the evolutionary processes that give rise to personality, the ecological correlates of personality differences, and the physiological mechanisms underlying personality variation.


Mousy Cats And Sheepish Coyotes

Mousy Cats and Sheepish Coyotes PDF
Author: John Shivik
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 0807071528
Size: 72.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : un
Pages : 208
View: 6660

Get Book

Mousy Cats And Sheepish Coyotes

by John Shivik, Mousy Cats And Sheepish Coyotes Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mousy Cats And Sheepish Coyotes books, A wildlife expert explores what science tells us about animals as unique individuals and why animal personality matters for the human-animal bond and for adaptation in nature. Why are some cats cuddly and others standoffish? Why are some dogs adventuresome, others homebodies? As any pet owner can attest, we feel that the animals we’ve formed bonds with are unique, as particular (and peculiar) as any human friend or loved one. Recent years have brought an increased understanding of animal intelligence and emotion. But is there a scientific basis for animal personality and individuality, or is this notion purely sentimental? It turns out that science has been reluctant to even broach the subject of individuality until recently. But now, a fundamental shift in scientific understanding is underway, as mainstream scientists begin to accept the idea that animals of all kinds—from beloved beasts like apes and birds to decidedly less cuddly creatures like crabs and spiders—do indeed have individual personalities. In Mousy Cats and Sheepish Coyotes, veteran wildlife expert Dr. John A. Shivik brings us stories from the front lines of this exciting new discipline. Drawing on his scientific training, as well as his storytelling gifts, Shivik serves as an accessible, humorous guide to the emerging body of research on animal personalities. Shivik accompanies researchers who are discovering that each wolf, bear, and coyote has an inherent tendency to favor either its aggressive nature or to shyly avoid conflicts. Some bluebirds are lovers, others are fighters. And some spiders prefer to be loners, while others are sociable. Unique personalities can be discovered in every corner of the animal kingdom—even among microscopic organisms. The array of personality types among all species is only beginning to be described and understood. As Shivik argues, animals’ unique personalities are important not only because they determine which animals we bond with. Individual animal traits are also fundamental but still inadequately understood drivers of evolution, adaptation, and species diversity. Ultimately, Mousy Cats and Sheepish Coyotes offers insight into the similarities humans share with animals and presents evidence of an unbroken biological connection from the smallest organisms to Homo sapiens.


The Development Of Animal Personality

The Development of Animal Personality PDF
Author: Ann V. Hedrick
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889451518
Size: 11.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 7606

Get Book

The Development Of Animal Personality

by Ann V. Hedrick, The Development Of Animal Personality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Development Of Animal Personality books, Although the topic of animal personality has recently generated much interest, the role of development is little understood. This collection of papers deals with the development of animal personality. Topics include the roles of genetic effects, maternal effects, social partners, predation and parasitism risk, and environmental complexity in the development of personality, the effects of personality on survival, and the development of collective personality and movement as a driver of personality development. The organisms covered include insects, spiders, fishes, and birds. This volume illustrates the diversity of approaches that have shed light on the development of animal personality in the past several years.


Encyclopedia Of Animal Behavior

Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior PDF
Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128132523
Size: 72.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 3048
View: 3213

Get Book

Encyclopedia Of Animal Behavior

by , Encyclopedia Of Animal Behavior Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Animal Behavior books, Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, Second Edition, the latest update since the 2010 release, builds upon the solid foundation established in the first edition. Updated sections include Host-parasite interactions, Vertebrate social behavior, and the introduction of ‘overview essays’ that boost the book's comprehensive detail. The structure for the work is modified to accommodate a better grouping of subjects. Some chapters have been reshuffled, with section headings combined or modified. Represents a one-stop resource for scientifically reliable information on animal behavior Provides comparative approaches, including the perspective of evolutionary biologists, physiologists, endocrinologists, neuroscientists and psychologists Includes multimedia features in the online version that offer accessible tools to readers looking to deepen their understanding


Variation Despite Standardization Evidence For Animal Personality In Laboratory Mice

Variation despite Standardization  Evidence for Animal Personality in Laboratory Mice  PDF
Author: Mieke Heidenreich
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656273898
Size: 58.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 43
View: 1269

Get Book

Variation Despite Standardization Evidence For Animal Personality In Laboratory Mice

by Mieke Heidenreich, Variation Despite Standardization Evidence For Animal Personality In Laboratory Mice Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Variation Despite Standardization Evidence For Animal Personality In Laboratory Mice books, Bachelor Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Biology - Behaviour, grade: 1,7, University of Münster (Department of Behavioural Biology), language: English, abstract: It is generally assumed that human beings have personalities, while animals do not. This assumption is not only derived from common sense, but also a basic principle of western philosophy and social theory (Mead, 1934). Still, dog owners will not stop mumbling about their cute puppy's unique personality. And they find support from unexpected source: Biologists argue that humans are nothing more, nothing less than animals. So they, too, begin to take into consideration that animals – including humans – might have a personality. What seems like a solely philosophical question at first glance, has important practical impacts, because the existence of animal personality contradicts the assumption that animals used in biological experiments can be standardized, and have uniform properties. If despite all efforts of standardization a residual variation cannot be eliminated, pharmaceutical and medical experiments might lose part of their validity. Therefore the hypothesis that laboratory mice possess a personality was tested in an empirical study. In this study a set of standard behavior tests was performed with 40 female mice of the strain C57BL/6N. The data was then analyzed for correlations over time and across contexts, since this is a requirement for animal personality.


Personality In Nonhuman Animals

Personality in Nonhuman Animals PDF
Author: Jennifer Vonk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319593005
Size: 73.25 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 326
View: 5253

Get Book

Personality In Nonhuman Animals

by Jennifer Vonk, Personality In Nonhuman Animals Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Personality In Nonhuman Animals books, This stimulating and comprehensive collection brings together multiple perspectives on the topic of personality in nonhuman animals—linking historical perspectives, theoretical approaches, methods, and cutting-edge discoveries. Experts from various fields describe their findings on species ranging from dogs, cats, chimpanzees, and dolphins to sharks, snakes, and other reptiles. Chapters not only discuss the evolution of personality, but also describe potential applications within the areas of animal-human interactions, animal ethics and welfare, conservation science, and other areas. A key focus is the role of genetics and the environment in determining animal behavior and personality, including related traits, such as creativity and boredom. These chapters present the study of personality in nonhumans as a means by which we can better understand medical and psychological issues specific to our own species as well. Chapters include: · Exploring factor space (and other adventures) with the Hominoid Personality Questionnaire · The quantitative and molecular genetics of individual differences in animal personality · Personality, temperament and individuality in reptile behavior · What do we want to know about personality in marine mammals? · Individual differences in nonhuman animals: examining boredom, curiosity, and creativity · The interplay between animal personality and foraging ecology Taking significant steps in advancing the study of animal personality, Personality in Nonhuman Animals will engage personality psychologists, comparative psychologists, and behavior ecologists as well as conservationists, zookeepers, livestock managers, and all those interested in the brain and behavior of animals.


Animal Personalities

Animal Personalities PDF
Author: Samuel Arthur Derieux
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 52.73 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Animal behavior
Languages : en
Pages : 298
View: 6325

Get Book

Animal Personalities

by Samuel Arthur Derieux, Animal Personalities Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Animal Personalities books,


Animal Personality

Animal Personality PDF
Author: Jill R. D. MacKay
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781912178384
Size: 42.43 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Animal behavior
Languages : un
Pages : 224
View: 5570

Get Book

Animal Personality

by Jill R. D. MacKay, Animal Personality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Animal Personality books, From 'scaredy cats' to 'moody cows, ' we often give animals personality when we talk about them, but does this have any basis in scientific fact? How can we tell if a cat is feeling fear, and how does a grumpy cow behave? What would make an animal an individual? And what makes them unique? Only recently has science confirmed that animals have distinct individual personalities, shown through behavioural research. Animal Personality introduces the fundamentals of personality science and research, describing the history of behavioural testing, and then drills into scientific measurement, recording and statistical analysis of individual personalities in animals. The author shows how the implications of animals having personalities affects how we treat and care for pets, farm animals and wildlife. Interesting questions are posed, such as what is the evolutionary reason for traits like fearfulness, aggression and sociability? Have we anthropomorphised animals' needs for social interactions? What are the neurological and genetic bases of personality? How has personality affected the domestication of wild species? And it questions long held beliefs about animal traits such as dominance theory. Animal Personality provides a fascinating and informed insight into the science of personality and its application to non-human animals. Ethologists and animal owners will find this an illuminating and thought-provoking resource. [Subject: Veterinary Studies, Ethology, Animal Welfare


Handbook Of Personality

Handbook of Personality PDF
Author: Oliver P. John
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1609180593
Size: 13.41 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 862
View: 4282

Get Book

Handbook Of Personality

by Oliver P. John, Handbook Of Personality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Handbook Of Personality books, This authoritative handbook is the reference of choice for researchers and students of personality. Leading authorities describe the most important theoretical approaches in personality and review the state of the science in five broad content areas: biological bases; development; self and social processes; cognitive and motivational processes; and emotion, adjustment, and health. Within each area, chapters present innovative ideas, findings, research designs, and measurement approaches. Areas of integration and consensus are discussed, as are key questions and controversies still facing the field.