Aquatic Functional Biodiversity

Aquatic Functional Biodiversity PDF
Author: Andrea Belgrano
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012417020X
Size: 29.37 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 312
View: 1456

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Aquatic Functional Biodiversity

by Andrea Belgrano, Aquatic Functional Biodiversity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Aquatic Functional Biodiversity books, Aquatic Functional Biodiversity: An Ecological and Evolutionary Perspective provides a general conceptual framework by some of the most prominent investigators in the field for how to link eco-evolutionary approaches with functional diversity to understand and conserve the provisioning of ecosystem services in aquatic systems. Rather than producing another methodological book, the editors and authors primarily concentrate on defining common grounds, connecting conceptual frameworks and providing examples by a more detailed discussion of a few empirical studies and projects, which illustrate key ideas and an outline of potential future directions and challenges that are expected in this interdisciplinary research field. Recent years have seen an explosion of interest in using network approaches to disentangle the relationship between biodiversity, community structure and functioning. Novel methods for model construction are being developed constantly, and modern methods allow for the inclusion of almost any type of explanatory variable that can be correlated either with biodiversity or ecosystem functioning. As a result these models have been widely used in ecology, conservation and eco-evolutionary biology. Nevertheless, there remains a considerable gap on how well these approaches are feasible to understand the mechanisms on how biodiversity constrains the provisioning of ecosystem services. Defines common theoretical grounds in terms of terminology and conceptual issues Connects theory and practice in ecology and eco-evolutionary sciences Provides examples for successful biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service management


Biodiversity In Aquatic Systems And Environments

Biodiversity in Aquatic Systems and Environments PDF
Author: Noboru Okuda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431541500
Size: 21.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 91
View: 4084

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Biodiversity In Aquatic Systems And Environments

by Noboru Okuda, Biodiversity In Aquatic Systems And Environments Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Biodiversity In Aquatic Systems And Environments books, This book presents the latest topics in ecological and evolutionary research on aquatic biodiversity from bacteria to fishes, with special reference to Lake Biwa, an ancient lake in western Japan. With a geological history of 4 million years, Lake Biwa is the third oldest lake in the world. It is considered a biodiversity hotspot, where 1,769 aquatic species including 61 endemics are recorded, providing a rare opportunity to study the evolutionary diversification of aquatic biota and its ecological consequences. The first chapter introduces the evolutionary history of biodiversity, especially of fish in this lake. In the second chapter, some examples of trophic polymorphism in fish are described. Fish are keystone predators in lake ecosystems, and they can be a major driver for altering biological communities through their top-down trophic cascading effects. An excellent laboratory experiment is presented, demonstrating that functional diversity of fish feeding morphology alters food web properties of plankton prey communities. The third chapter focuses on aquatic microbes, whose abundance and diversity may also be influenced by the diversity of fish through top-down trophic cascades. Aquatic microbes can have a strong impact on ecosystem functioning in lakes, and in this chapter, the latest molecular techniques used to examine genetic and functional diversity of microbial communities are introduced. The final chapter presents theoretical frameworks for predicting how biodiversity has the potential to control the incidence and intensity of human-induced regime shifts. While respecting the precious nature of biodiversity in lakes, it is essential to be aware that modern human activities have brought a crisis of biodiversity loss in lakes worldwide. Throughout this book, readers will learn why biodiversity must be conserved at all levels, from genes to ecosystems.


Water Science Policy And Management

Water Science  Policy and Management PDF
Author: Simon James Dadson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119520606
Size: 12.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 408
View: 1642

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Water Science Policy And Management

by Simon James Dadson, Water Science Policy And Management Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Water Science Policy And Management books, Provides an in-depth look at science, policy and management in the water sector across the globe Sustainable water management is an increasingly complex challenge and policy priority facing global society. This book examines how governments, municipalities, corporations, and individuals find sustainable water management pathways across competing priorities of water for ecosystems, food, energy, economic growth and human consumption. It looks at the current politics and economics behind the management of our freshwater ecosystems and infrastructure and offers insightful essays that help stimulate more intense and informed debate about the subject and its need for local and international cooperation. This book celebrates the 15-year anniversary of Oxford University’s MSc course in Water Science, Policy and Management. Edited and written by some of the leading minds in the field, writing alongside alumni from the course, Water Science, Policy and Management: A Global Challenge offers in-depth chapters in three parts: Science; Policy; and Management. Topics cover: hydroclimatic extremes and climate change; the past, present, and future of groundwater resources; water quality modelling, monitoring, and management; and challenges for freshwater ecosystems. The book presents critical views on the monitoring and modelling of hydrological processes; the rural water policy in Africa and Asia; the political economy of wastewater in Europe; drought policy management and water allocation. It also examines the financing of water infrastructure; the value of wastewater; water resource planning; sustainable urban water supply and the human right to water. Features perspectives from some of the world’s leading experts on water policy and management Identifies and addresses current and future water sector challenges Charts water policy trends across a rapidly evolving set of challenges in a variety of global areas Covers the reallocation of water; policy process of risk management; the future of the world’s water under global environmental change; and more Water Science, Policy and Management: A Global Challenge is an essential book for policy makers and government agencies involved in water management, and for undergraduate and postgraduate students studying water science, governance, and policy.


Biodiversity Of Pantepui

Biodiversity of Pantepui PDF
Author: Valentí Rull
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128155922
Size: 44.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 470
View: 6029

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Biodiversity Of Pantepui

by Valentí Rull, Biodiversity Of Pantepui Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Biodiversity Of Pantepui books, Biodiversity of Pantepui: The Pristine "Lost World" of the Neotropical Guiana Highlands provides the most updated and comprehensive knowledge on the biota, origin, and evolution of the Pantepui biogeographical province. It synthesizes historical information and recent discoveries, covering the main biogeographic patterns, evolutionary trends, and conservational efforts. Written by international experts on the biodiversity of this pristine land, this book explores what makes Pantepui a unique natural laboratory to study the origin and evolution of Neotropical biodiversity under the influence of only natural drivers. It discusses the organisms living in Pentepui, including algae, plants, several groups of invertebrates, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals. The latter portion of the book delves into the effects of human activity and global warming on Pantepui, and current conservational efforts to combat these threats. Biodiversity of Pantepui is an important resource for researchers in ecology, biogeography, evolution, and conservation, who want to understand the biodiversity and natural history of this region, and how to help conserve and protect the Guiana Highlands from environmental and human damages. Offers a climactic and ecological history of the region since the Late Glacial epoch Discusses the evolutionary origin of the Pantepui biota and its biogeographical patterns Led by a team of editors whose expertise includes Pantepui, the Guiana Shield, and the Neotropics in general


Ecosystem Services From Biodiversity To Society

Ecosystem Services  From Biodiversity to Society PDF
Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128039337
Size: 74.74 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 358
View: 4988

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Ecosystem Services From Biodiversity To Society

by , Ecosystem Services From Biodiversity To Society Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Ecosystem Services From Biodiversity To Society books, Advances in Ecological Research is one of the most successful series in the highly competitive field of ecology. Each volume publishes topical and important reviews, interpreting ecology as widely as in the past, to include all material that contributes to our understanding of the field. Topics in this invaluable series include the physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals, as well as landscape and ecosystem ecology. Presents the most updated information on the field of ecology, publishing topical and important reviews Provides all information that relates to a thorough understanding of the field Includes data on physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals New ideas on ES Integrative approach working across a variety of levels of biological organization and spatial and temporal scales Diversity of relevant subjects covered


Biodiversity And Ecosystem Services In Nordic Coastal Ecosystems

Biodiversity and ecosystem services in Nordic coastal ecosystems PDF
Author: A. Belgrano
Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers
ISBN: 9289356650
Size: 32.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 5027

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Biodiversity And Ecosystem Services In Nordic Coastal Ecosystems

by A. Belgrano, Biodiversity And Ecosystem Services In Nordic Coastal Ecosystems Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Biodiversity And Ecosystem Services In Nordic Coastal Ecosystems books, This report describes the status and trends of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the Nordic region, the drivers and pressures affecting them, interactions and effects on people and society, and options for governance. The main report consists of two volumes. Volume 1 The general overview (this report) and Volume 2 The geographical case studies. This study has been inspired by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystems Services (IPBES). It departs from case studies (Volume 2, the geographical case studies) from ten geographical areas in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden) and the autonomous areas of Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Åland. The aim was to describe status and trends of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the Nordic region, including the drivers and pressures affecting these ecosystems, the effects on people and society and options for governance. The Nordic study is structured as closely as possible to the framework for the regional assessments currently being finalized within IPBES. The report highlights environmental differences and similarities in the Nordic coastal areas, like the inhabitants´ relation to nature and the environment as well as similarities in social and policy instruments between the Nordic countries. This study provides background material for decision-making and it is shown that Nordic cooperation is of great importance for sustainable coastal management and should be strengthened in future work.


Aquatic Biodiversity Ii

Aquatic Biodiversity II PDF
Author: H. Segers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402037450
Size: 55.49 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 390
View: 7601

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Aquatic Biodiversity Ii

by H. Segers, Aquatic Biodiversity Ii Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Aquatic Biodiversity Ii books, Water is Life. Freshwater is one of the most valuable commodities on our planet, and this resource should be managed in a sustainable way. Yet, we are less than careful in the way we use water and many of our non-marine, aquatic habitats are threatened by anthropogenic impacts. Eutrophication, for example, could well turn into one of the major social as well as economic problems of the 21st century. Reduction of water quality also has a profound effect on the biota that depend on these water bodies, such as micro-organisms, plants and animals. Freshwater Biodiversity is a much underestimated component of global biodiversity, both in its diversity and in its potential to act as models for fundamental research in evolutionary biology and ecosystem studies. Freshwater organisms also reflect quality of water bodies and can thus be used to monitor changes in ecosystem health. The present book deals with all of these aspects of Aquatic Biodiversity. It comprises a unique collection of primary research papers spanning a wide range of topics in aquatic biodiversity studies, and including a first global assessment of specific diversity of freshwater animals. The book also presents a section on the interaction between scientists and science policy managers. A target opinion paper lists priorities in aquatic biodiversity research for the next decade and several reactions from distinguished scientists discuss the relevance of these items from different points of view: fundamental ecology, taxonomy and systematics, needs of developing countries, present-day biodiversity policy at European and at global scales. It is believed that such a platform for the interaction between science and science policy is an absolute necessity for the efficient use of research budgets in the future.


Ecosystem Ecology

Ecosystem Ecology PDF
Author: Sven Erik Jørgensen
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780444534675
Size: 60.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 521
View: 7242

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Ecosystem Ecology

by Sven Erik Jørgensen, Ecosystem Ecology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Ecosystem Ecology books, Jorgensen's Ecosystem Ecology provides a thorough and comprehensive overview of the world’s aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. This derivative volume based on the best-selling Encyclopedia of Ecology (published 2008) is the only book currently published that provides an overview of the world’s ecosystems in a concise format. Provides an overview of the world’s ecosystems in a concise format Covers aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems Based on the best-selling Encyclopedia of Ecology Full-color figures and tables support the text and aid in understanding


Molecular And Functional Ecology Of Aquatic Microbial Symbionts

Molecular and functional ecology of aquatic microbial symbionts PDF
Author: Hans-Peter Grossart
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 2889191230
Size: 35.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Molecular And Functional Ecology Of Aquatic Microbial Symbionts

by Hans-Peter Grossart, Molecular And Functional Ecology Of Aquatic Microbial Symbionts Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Molecular And Functional Ecology Of Aquatic Microbial Symbionts books, Nothing provided


The Functional Consequences Of Biodiversity

The Functional Consequences of Biodiversity PDF
Author: David Tilman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400847303
Size: 21.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 392
View: 3616

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The Functional Consequences Of Biodiversity

by David Tilman, The Functional Consequences Of Biodiversity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Functional Consequences Of Biodiversity books, Does biodiversity influence how ecosystems function? Might diversity loss affect the ability of ecosystems to deliver services of benefit to humankind? Ecosystems provide food, fuel, fiber, and drinkable water, regulate local and regional climate, and recycle needed nutrients, among other things. An ecosyste's ability to sustain functioning may depend on the number of species residing in the ecosystem--its biological diversity--but this has been a controversial hypothesis. There are many unanswered questions about how and why changes in biodiversity could alter ecosystem functioning. This volume, written by top researchers, synthesizes empirical studies on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and extends that knowledge using a novel and coordinated set of models and theoretical approaches. These experimental and theoretical analyses demonstrate that functioning usually increases with biodiversity, but also reveals when and under what circumstances other relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning might occur. It also accounts for apparent changes in diversity-functioning relationships that emerge over time in disturbed ecosystems, thereby addressing a major controversy in the field. The volume concludes with a blueprint for moving beyond small-scale studies to regional ones--a move of enormous significance for policy and conservation but one that will entail tackling some of the most fundamental challenges in ecology. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Juan Armesto, Claudia Neuhauser, Andy Hector, Clarence Lehman, Peter Kareiva, Sharon Lawler, Peter Chesson, Teri Balser, Mary K. Firestone, Robert Holt, Michel Loreau, Johannes Knops, David Wedin, Peter Reich, Shahid Naeem, Bernhard Schmid, Jasmin Joshi, and Felix Schläpfer.