Breaking Rules The Social And Situational Dynamics Of Young People S Urban Crime

Breaking Rules  The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young People s Urban Crime PDF
Author: Per-Olof H. Wikström
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191634107
Size: 45.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 512
View: 5530

Get Book

Breaking Rules The Social And Situational Dynamics Of Young People S Urban Crime

by Per-Olof H. Wikström, Breaking Rules The Social And Situational Dynamics Of Young People S Urban Crime Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Breaking Rules The Social And Situational Dynamics Of Young People S Urban Crime books, Why do certain people commit acts of crime? Why does crime happen in certain places? Presenting an ambitious new study designed to test a pioneering new theory of the causes of crime, Breaking Rules: The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young People's Urban Crime demonstrates that these questions can only go so far in explaining why crime happens - and, therefore, in preventing it. Based on the work of the Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+), Breaking Rules presents an analysis of the urban structure of Peterborough and its relation to young people's social life. Contemporary sciences state that behaviour is the outcome of an interaction between people and the environments to which they are exposed, and it is precisely that interaction and its relation to young people's crime involvement that PADS+ explores. Driven by a ground-breaking theory of crime, Situational Action Theory, which aims to explain why people break rules, it implements innovative methods of measuring social environments and people's exposure to them, involving a cohort of 700 young people growing up in the UK city of Peterborough. It focuses on the important adolescent time window, ages 12 to 17, during which young people's crime involvement is at its peak, using unique space-time budget data to explore young people's time use, movement patterns, and the spatio-temporal characteristics of their crime involvement. Presenting the first study of this kind, both in breadth and detail, with significant implications for policy and prevention, Breaking Rules should not only be of great interest to academic readers, but also to policy-makers and practitioners, interested in issues of urban environments, crime within urban environments, and the role of social environments in crime causation.


The Oxford Handbook Of Developmental And Life Course Criminology

The Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life Course Criminology PDF
Author: David P. Farrington
Publisher: Oxford Handbooks
ISBN: 0190201371
Size: 36.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 800
View: 3246

Get Book

The Oxford Handbook Of Developmental And Life Course Criminology

by David P. Farrington, The Oxford Handbook Of Developmental And Life Course Criminology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Oxford Handbook Of Developmental And Life Course Criminology books, Developmental and life-course criminology are both concerned with the study of changes in offending and problem behaviors over time. Developmental studies in criminology focus on psychological factors that influence the onset and persistence of criminal behavior, while life-course studies analyze how changes in social arrangements, like marriage, education or social networks, can lead to changes in offending. Though each perspective is clearly concerned with patterns of offending and problem behavior over time, the literature on each is spread across various disciplines, including criminology & criminal justice, psychology, and sociology. The Oxford Handbook on Developmental and Life-Course Criminology offers the first comprehensive survey of these two approaches together. Edited by three noted authorities in the field, the volume provides in-depth critical reviews of the development of offending, developmental and life-course theories, development correlates and risk/protective factors, life transitions and turning points, and effective developmental interventions from the world's leading scholars. In the first two sections, the contributors provide overviews of specific criminal career parameters, including age-crime curve, prevalence/frequency of offending, and co-offending, and review the main theoretical frameworks in the developmental and life-course criminology areas. They further summarize some of the empirical literature on known developmental correlates and risk/protective factors associated with longitudinal patterns of offending in the next section. The fourth section focuses on life transitions and turning points as they may relate to persistence in-or desistance from-criminal activity into adulthood, while the final section examines the genesis of antisocial, delinquent, and criminal activity, its maintenance, and its cessation. A state of the art overview on the topic, this Handbook aims to be the most authoritative resource on all issues germane to developmental and life-course criminologists and provides next steps for further research.


Modern Control Theory And The Limits Of Criminal Justice

Modern Control Theory and the Limits of Criminal Justice PDF
Author: Michael Gottfredson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190069791
Size: 26.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 4594

Get Book

Modern Control Theory And The Limits Of Criminal Justice

by Michael Gottfredson, Modern Control Theory And The Limits Of Criminal Justice Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Modern Control Theory And The Limits Of Criminal Justice books, "Modern control theory and the limits of the criminal sanction updates and extends the authors' classic general theory of crime (sometimes referred to as "self-control theory"). In Part I, contemporary evidence about the theory is summarized. Research from criminology, psychology, economics, education and public health substantially supports the life-long influence of self control as a significant cause of problem behaviors, including delinquency and crime, substance abuse, school problems, many forms of accidents, employment instability and many poor health outcomes. Contemporary is supportive of the theory's focus on early socialization for creation of higher levels of self control and other dimensions of the theory, including the roles of self control, age and the generality or versatility of problem behaviors, as well as the connections between self control and later teen and adult problem behaviors. The authors provide methodological assessments of research on the theory, contrasting the control-theory perspective with other developmental perspectives in criminology. The role of opportunity, the relationship between self and social control theory, and the role of motivation, are addressed. In Part II, control theory is taken to be a valid theory and is used to explore the role of criminal sanctions, especially policing and prisons, and policies about immigration, as methods to impact crime. Modern control theory provides an explanation for the general lack of effectiveness of formal, state sanctions on crime and instead provides substantial justification for prevention of delinquency and crime by a focus on childhood"--


Good Policing

Good Policing PDF
Author: Hough, Mike
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447355075
Size: 11.38 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 156
View: 5708

Get Book

Good Policing

by Hough, Mike, Good Policing Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Good Policing books, Renowned criminologist Mike Hough illuminates the principles and practices of good policing in this important analysis of the police service’s legitimacy and the factors, such as public trust, that drive it. As concern grows at the growth in crimes of serious violence, he challenges conventional political and public thinking on crime and scrutinises strategies and tactics like deterrence and stop-and-search. Contrasting ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ approaches to policing and punishment, he offers a fresh perspective that stresses the importance of securing normative compliance. For officers, students, policy makers and anyone who has an interest in the police force, this is a valuable roadmap for ethical policing.


Texts Adopted At The Part Of The Ordinary Session Of The Parliamentary Assembly

Texts Adopted at the     Part of the     Ordinary Session of the Parliamentary Assembly PDF
Author: Council of Europe. Parliamentary Assembly
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 65.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Europe
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5323

Get Book

Texts Adopted At The Part Of The Ordinary Session Of The Parliamentary Assembly

by Council of Europe. Parliamentary Assembly, Texts Adopted At The Part Of The Ordinary Session Of The Parliamentary Assembly Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Texts Adopted At The Part Of The Ordinary Session Of The Parliamentary Assembly books,


Textes Adopt S Par L Assembl E

Textes Adopt  s Par L Assembl  e PDF
Author: Council of Europe. Parliamentary Assembly
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 16.70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Europe
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4072

Get Book

Textes Adopt S Par L Assembl E

by Council of Europe. Parliamentary Assembly, Textes Adopt S Par L Assembl E Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Textes Adopt S Par L Assembl E books,


America History And Life

America  History and Life PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 43.71 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Canada
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 6287

Get Book

America History And Life

by , America History And Life Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download America History And Life books, Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.


The Design And Management Of Sustainable Projects To Alleviate Poverty In South Asia

The Design and Management of Sustainable Projects to Alleviate Poverty in South Asia PDF
Author: Economic Development Institute (Washington, D.C.)
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : World Bank
ISBN:
Size: 53.67 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Asie Méridionale - Politique économique - Congrès
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 2201

Get Book

The Design And Management Of Sustainable Projects To Alleviate Poverty In South Asia

by Economic Development Institute (Washington, D.C.), The Design And Management Of Sustainable Projects To Alleviate Poverty In South Asia Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Design And Management Of Sustainable Projects To Alleviate Poverty In South Asia books,