Changing Meanings Of Citizenship In Modern China

Changing Meanings of Citizenship in Modern China PDF
Author: Merle Goldman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674037762
Size: 34.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 480
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Changing Meanings Of Citizenship In Modern China

by Merle Goldman, Changing Meanings Of Citizenship In Modern China Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Changing Meanings Of Citizenship In Modern China books, This collection of essays addresses the meaning and practice of political citizenship in China over the past century, raising the question of whether reform initiatives in citizenship imply movement toward increased democratization. After slow but steady moves toward a new conception of citizenship before 1949, there was a nearly complete reversal during the Mao regime, with a gradual reemergence beginning in the Deng era of concerns with the political rights as well as the duties of citizens. The distinguished contributors to this volume address how citizenship has been understood in China from the late imperial era to the present day, the processes by which citizenship has been fostered or undermined, the influence of the government, the different development of citizenship in mainland China and Taiwan, and the prospects of strengthening citizens' rights in contemporary China. Valuable for its century-long perspective and for placing the historical patterns of Chinese citizenship within the context of European and American experiences, Changing Meanings of Citizenship in Modern China investigates a critical issue for contemporary Chinese society.


God And Caesar In China

God and Caesar in China PDF
Author: Jason Kindopp
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815796466
Size: 43.81 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 4571

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God And Caesar In China

by Jason Kindopp, God And Caesar In China Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download God And Caesar In China books, In the late 1970s when Mao's Cultural Revolution ushered in China's reform era, religion played a small role in the changes the country was undergoing. There were few symbols of religious observance, and the practice of religion seemed a forgotten art. Yet by the new millennium, China's government reported that more than 200 million religious believers worshiped in 85,000 authorized venues, and estimates by outside observers continue to rise. The numbers tell the story: Buddhists, as in the past, are most numerous, with more than 100 million adherents. Muslims number 18 million with the majority concentrated in the northwest region of Xinjiang. By 2000 China's Catholic population had swelled from 3 million in 1949 to more than 12 million, surpassing the number of Catholics in Ireland. Protestantism in China has grown at an even faster pace during the same period, multiplying from 1 million to at least 30 million followers. China now has the world's second-largest evangelical Christian population—behind only the United States. In addition, a host of religious and quasi-spiritual groups and sects has also sprouted up in virtually every corner of Chinese society. Religion's dramatic revival in post-Mao China has generated tensions between the ruling Communist Party state and China's increasingly diverse population of religious adherents. Such tensions are rooted in centuries-old governing practices and reflect the pressures of rapid modernization. The state's response has been a mixture of accommodation and repression, with the aim of preserving monopoly control over religious organization. Its inability to do so effectively has led to cycles of persecution of religious groups that resist the party's efforts. American concern over official acts of religious persecution has become a leading issue in U.S. policy toward China. The passage of the 1998 International Religious Freedom Act, which institutionalized concern over religious freedom abroad in U.S. foreign policy, cemented this issue as an item on the agenda of U.S.-China relations. God and Caesar in China examines China's religion policy, the history and growth of Catholic and Protestant churches in China, and the implications of church-state friction for relations between the United States and China, concluding with recommendations for U.S. policy. Contributors include Jason Kindopp (George Washington University), Daniel H. Bays (Calvin College), Mickey Spiegel (Human Rights Watch), Chan Kim-kwong (Hong Kong Christian Council), Jean-Paul Wiest (Chinese University of Hong Kong), Richard Madsen (University of California, San Diego), Xu Yihua (Fudan University), Liu Peng (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences), and Carol Lee Hamrin (George Mason University).


Chinese Foreign Investment Laws And Policies

Chinese Foreign Investment Laws and Policies PDF
Author: Wei Jia
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780899309002
Size: 64.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 185
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Chinese Foreign Investment Laws And Policies

by Wei Jia, Chinese Foreign Investment Laws And Policies Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Chinese Foreign Investment Laws And Policies books, A comprehensive analysis of the sophisticated statutory framework for Foreign direct investment (FDI) in China.


Women Of China

Women of China PDF
Author: J. West
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 033398384X
Size: 51.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 238
View: 5788

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Women Of China

by J. West, Women Of China Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Women Of China books, This wide-ranging and interdisciplinary collection brings together scholars from China and the West to examine the many dimensions of debate around gender issues in contemporary China. The experiences of women in education, employment, marriage and the family, in rural and urban areas are analysed and assessed.


The Changing Chinese Legal System 1978 Present

The Changing Chinese Legal System  1978     Present PDF
Author: Bin Liang
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135903239
Size: 17.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 266
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The Changing Chinese Legal System 1978 Present

by Bin Liang, The Changing Chinese Legal System 1978 Present Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Changing Chinese Legal System 1978 Present books, This groundbreaking book examines the changing Chinese legal system since 1978. In addition to historical analyses of changes at the economic, political-legal, and social levels, Liang gives special attention to crime and punishment functions of the legal system, and the current judicial system based on field research, i.e., court observations in both Beijing and Chengdu. The court system has been in a process of systemization, both internally and externally, seeking more power and relative independence. However, traditional influences, such as preference of mediation (over litigation) and substantive justice (over procedural justice), and lack of respect (from the masses) and guaranteed power (from the political structure), still have major impacts on the building and operation of the judicial system. Liang also shrewdly places the Chinese legal and political reform within the global system. This book, which reshapes our understanding of the economic, political, and essentially legal changes in China within the global context, will be crucial reading for scholars of Asia, law, criminal justice, and sociology.


Chinese Law

Chinese Law PDF
Author: Jianfu Chen
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041111869
Size: 44.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 414
View: 4773

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Chinese Law

by Jianfu Chen, Chinese Law Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Chinese Law books, Law, in particular its actual functioning in any given society, is above all a part of the culture of that society - a part of its historical, political, social and intellectual creation. If a black-letter' approach towards law in the West is under increasing criticism, it is particularly unhelpful, if not misleading, in understanding Chinese law, its nature and developments. Rather, to understand Chinese law, its nature and developments, we need to examine the Chinese legal traditions, the prevailing political and economic situations, Party policies on economic reform and tolerance towards political liberalisation, and scholarly discussions and debate. This is the approach of this book. Its aim is to put Chinese law in context', to outline the nature and present status of its development, and to analyse the meaning of the law within the Chinese context. However, this monograph does not ignore the practical needs for determining the precise contents of the black- letter' law either. A study of this kind necessarily involves a process of topic selection. However, to avoid over-generalisation and over-simplification, it also demands a considerable degree of comprehensiveness in coverage. For this reason, the book covers what the Chinese scholars term fundamental law' and basic branches' of law, while other topics are covered because they are either crucial for the understanding of the law (such as legal traditions in China) or of practical importance (such as foreign investment and trade). Chapter One provides an historical background to traditional Chinese legal culture' and modern law reforms. The historical background of specific topics is examined as the topics are analysed inthe following chapters. Chapter Two deals with the changing fate of law under Communist rule. Its focus is on the underlying factors and justifications for such changes. Chapter Three introduces discussions on specific branches of law, from public law (constitutional law, law-making, administrative law, criminal law, criminal procedure law) to private' law (civil law, family law, contracts, law on business entities, and law on foreign investment and trade). Each of these is dealt with in a separate chapter. After the analysis of these substantial topics, certain conclusions are drawn, which attempt to define the nature of Chinese law and its developments in present-day China.


Chinese Politics And Government

Chinese Politics and Government PDF
Author: Sujian Guo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415551382
Size: 58.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 342
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Chinese Politics And Government

by Sujian Guo, Chinese Politics And Government Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Chinese Politics And Government books, Over the past two decades, China's political reforms, open-door policy, dramatic economic growth, and increasingly assertive foreign policy have had an unprecedented regional and global impact. This introductory textbook provides students with a fundamental understanding of government and politics in China as well as the conceptual ability to explore the general patterns, impacts, and nature of continuities and changes in Chinese politics. Further, it equips students with analytical frameworks by which they can understand, analyse and evaluate the major issues in Chinese politics, including: The basic methodologies and theoretical controversies in the study of Chinese politics. The major dimensions, structures, processes, functions and characteristics of the Chinese political system, such as ideology, politics, law, society, economy, and foreign policy. The impact of power, ideology, and organization on different spheres of Chinese society. The structure, process, and factors in Chinese foreign policy making. Whether China is a "strategic partner" or "potential threat" to the United States. By examining contending theoretical models in the study of Chinese politics, this book combines an essentialist approach that keeps focus on the fundamental, unique and defining features of Chinese politics and government with other theoretical approaches or analytical models which reveal and explore the complexities inherent in the Chinese political system. Extensively illustrated, the textbook includes maps, photographs and diagrams, as well as providing questions for class discussions and suggestions for further reading. Written by an experienced academic with working knowledge of the Chinese Government, this textbook will provide students with a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of Chinese Politics.


Chinese Law Context And Transformation

Chinese Law  Context and Transformation PDF
Author: Jianfu Chen
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9047423437
Size: 52.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 792
View: 7409

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Chinese Law Context And Transformation

by Jianfu Chen, Chinese Law Context And Transformation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Chinese Law Context And Transformation books, This book examines the historical and politico-economic context in which Chinese law has developed and transformed, focusing on the underlying factors and justifications for changes. It attempts to sketch the main trends in legal modernisation in China.