Contradictions From Consistency To Inconsistency

Contradictions  from Consistency to Inconsistency PDF
Author: Walter Carnielli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319987976
Size: 62.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 322
View: 3474

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Contradictions From Consistency To Inconsistency

by Walter Carnielli, Contradictions From Consistency To Inconsistency Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Contradictions From Consistency To Inconsistency books, This volume investigates what is beyond the Principle of Non-Contradiction. It features 14 papers on the foundations of reasoning, including logical systems and philosophical considerations. Coverage brings together a cluster of issues centered upon the variety of meanings of consistency, contradiction, and related notions. Most of the papers, but not all, are developed around the subtle distinctions between consistency and non-contradiction, as well as among contradiction, inconsistency, and triviality, and concern one of the above mentioned threads of the broadly understood non-contradiction principle and the related principle of explosion. Some others take a perspective that is not too far away from such themes, but with the freedom to tread new paths. Readers should understand the title of this book in a broad way,because it is not so obvious to deal with notions like contradictions, consistency, inconsistency, and triviality. The papers collected here present groundbreaking ideas related to consistency and inconsistency.


Paraconsistent Logic Consistency Contradiction And Negation

Paraconsistent Logic  Consistency  Contradiction and Negation PDF
Author: Walter Carnielli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319332058
Size: 27.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 398
View: 2642

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Paraconsistent Logic Consistency Contradiction And Negation

by Walter Carnielli, Paraconsistent Logic Consistency Contradiction And Negation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Paraconsistent Logic Consistency Contradiction And Negation books, This book is the first in the field of paraconsistency to offer a comprehensive overview of the subject, including connections to other logics and applications in information processing, linguistics, reasoning and argumentation, and philosophy of science. It is recommended reading for anyone interested in the question of reasoning and argumentation in the presence of contradictions, in semantics, in the paradoxes of set theory and in the puzzling properties of negation in logic programming. Paraconsistent logic comprises a major logical theory and offers the broadest possible perspective on the debate of negation in logic and philosophy. It is a powerful tool for reasoning under contradictoriness as it investigates logic systems in which contradictory information does not lead to arbitrary conclusions. Reasoning under contradictions constitutes one of most important and creative achievements in contemporary logic, with deep roots in philosophical questions involving negation and consistency This book offers an invaluable introduction to a topic of central importance in logic and philosophy. It discusses (i) the history of paraconsistent logic; (ii) language, negation, contradiction, consistency and inconsistency; (iii) logics of formal inconsistency (LFIs) and the main paraconsistent propositional systems; (iv) many-valued companions, possible-translations semantics and non-deterministic semantics; (v) paraconsistent modal logics; (vi) first-order paraconsistent logics; (vii) applications to information processing, databases and quantum computation; and (viii) applications to deontic paradoxes, connections to Eastern thought and to dialogical reasoning.


Vagueness And Contradiction

Vagueness and Contradiction PDF
Author: Roy Sorensen
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191588067
Size: 26.74 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 3309

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Vagueness And Contradiction

by Roy Sorensen, Vagueness And Contradiction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Vagueness And Contradiction books, Did Buddha become a fat man in one second? Is there a tallest short giraffe? Epistemicists answer 'Yes!' They believe that any predicate that divides things divides them sharply. They solve the ancient sorites paradox by picturing vagueness as a kind of ignorance. The alternative solutions are radical. They either reject classical theorems or inference rules or reject our common sense view of what can exist. Epistemicists spare this central portion of our web of belief by challenging peripheral intuitions about the nature of language. So why is this continuation of the status quo so incredible? Why do epistemicists themselves have trouble believing their theory? In Vagueness and Contradiction Roy Sorensen traces our incredulity to linguistic norms that build upon our psychological tendencies to round off insignificant differences. These simplifying principles lead to massive inconsistency, rather like the rounding off errors of calculators with limited memory. English entitles speakers to believe each 'tolerance conditional' such as those of the form 'If n is small, then n + 1 is small.' The conjunction of these a priori beliefs entails absurd conditionals such as 'If 1 is small, then a billion is small.' Since the negation of this absurdity is an a priori truth, our a priori beliefs about small numbers are jointly inconsistent. One of the tolerance conditionals, at the threshold of smallness, must be an analytic falsehood that we are compelled to regard as a tautology. Since there are infinitely many analytic sorites arguments, Sorensen concludes that we are obliged to believe infinitely many contradictions. These contradictions are not specifically detectable. They are ineliminable, like the heat from a light bulb. Although the light bulb is not designed to produce heat, the heat is inevitably produced as a side-effect of illumination. Vagueness can be avoided by representational systems that make no concession to limits of perception, or memory, or testimony. But quick and rugged representational systems, such as natural languages, will trade 'rationality' for speed and flexibility. Roy Sorensen defends epistemicism in his own distinctive style, inventive and amusing. But he has some serious things to say about language and logic, about the way the world is and about our understanding of it.


Consistency

Consistency PDF
Author: Adolfo Critto
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761817451
Size: 52.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 133
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Consistency

by Adolfo Critto, Consistency Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Consistency books, Each day, human beings are faced with innumerable choices. In Consistency, Adolfo Critto argues that human beings seldom consider their options rationally, within a proper context. Rather than considering fragments of information as absolutes-such as power, money, prestige, etc.-this book demonstrates how critical judgement involves questioning assumptions and integrating them into a unified whole. A practical work, it is a coherent guide to contemporary sociological issues.


Edmund Husserl S Theory Of Meaning

Edmund Husserl   s Theory of Meaning PDF
Author: J.N. Mohanty
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401013373
Size: 65.15 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 150
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Edmund Husserl S Theory Of Meaning

by J.N. Mohanty, Edmund Husserl S Theory Of Meaning Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Edmund Husserl S Theory Of Meaning books, In this work I have tried to present HusserI's Philosophy of thinking and meaning in as clear a manner as I can. In doing this, I had in mind a two-fold purpose. I wanted on the one hand to disentangle what I have come to regard as the central line of thought from the vast mass of details of the Logische Unter suchungen and the Formale und transzendentale Logik. On the other hand, I tried to take into consideration the immense developments in logic and semantics that have taken place since HusserI's major logical studies were published. It is my belief that no one to day can look back upon the philosophers of the past except in the light of the admirable progress achieved and consolidated in the fields of logic and semantics in recent times. Fortunately enough, from this point of view HusserI fares remarkably well. He certainly anticipated many of those recent investigations. What is more, a true understanding and appraisal of his logical studies is not possible except in the light of the corresponding modern investigations. This last consider ation may provide us with some explanation of the rather puzzling fact that orthodox HusserIian scholarship both within and outside Germany has not accorded to his logical studies the central importance that they, from all points of view, unmis takeably deserve.


The Bloomsbury Companion To Leibniz

The Bloomsbury Companion to Leibniz PDF
Author: Brandon C. Look
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472524853
Size: 39.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 6246

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The Bloomsbury Companion To Leibniz

by Brandon C. Look, The Bloomsbury Companion To Leibniz Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Bloomsbury Companion To Leibniz books, The Bloomsbury Companion to Leibniz presents a comprehensive and authoritative introduction to the life, thought and work of one of the great polymaths of the modern world, G.W. Leibniz. This guide enriches the reader's understanding of Leibniz by establishing the philosophies of, and Leibniz's reactions to, his most important philosophical contemporaries from Descartes to Malebranche. While addressing current philosophical research in Leibniz studies such as his metaphysics, logic and theory of free will, a leading team of experts in the field demonstrate that Leibniz's work was wider in scope. Examining new directions in this field they cover a number of Leibniz's concerns outside of philosophy including mathematics, physics, and the life sciences. The Companion concludes by offering analysis of Leibniz's legacy; his impact on further study, particularly on his successor Immanuel Kant, and how he has subsequently been understood. Together with extended biographical sketches and an up-to-date and fully comprehensive bibliography, The Bloomsbury Companion to Leibniz is an extremely valuable study tool for students and scholars interested in Leibniz and the era in which he wrote.


Ie Concise Intro Log W Cd

Ie Concise Intro Log W Cd PDF
Author: Patrick J. Hurley
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780534584832
Size: 39.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Logic
Languages : en
Pages : 670
View: 2105

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Ie Concise Intro Log W Cd

by Patrick J. Hurley, Ie Concise Intro Log W Cd Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Ie Concise Intro Log W Cd books,


In Contradiction

In Contradiction PDF
Author: Graham Priest
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780191532481
Size: 75.14 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 619

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In Contradiction

by Graham Priest, In Contradiction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download In Contradiction books, In Contradiction advocates and defends the view that there are true contradictions (dialetheism), a view that flies in the face of orthodoxy in Western philosophy since Aristotle. The book has been at the centre of the controversies surrounding dialetheism ever since its first publication in 1987. This second edition of the book substantially expands upon the original in various ways, and also contains the author's reflections on developments over the last two decades. Further aspects of dialetheism are discussed in the companion volume, Doubt Truth to be a Liar, also published by Oxford University Press.


Dictionary Of Critical Realism

Dictionary of Critical Realism PDF
Author: Mervyn Hartwig
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317420713
Size: 16.48 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 560
View: 6205

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Dictionary Of Critical Realism

by Mervyn Hartwig, Dictionary Of Critical Realism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dictionary Of Critical Realism books, Dictionary of Critical Realism fulfils a vital gap in the literature, Critical Realism is often criticised for being too opaque and deploying too much jargon, thereby making the concepts inaccessible for a wider audience. However, as Hartwig puts it 'Just as the tools of the various skilled trades need to be precision-engineered for specific, interrelated functions, so meta-theory requires concepts honed for specific interrelated tasks: it is impossible to think creatively at that level without them.' This Dictionary seeks to redress this problem; to throw open the important contribution of Critical Realism to a wider audience for the first time, by thoroughly explaining all the key concepts and key developments. It includes 500 entries on these themes, and has contributions from major players in field. However this text does not stop there, it goes further than simply elucidating the concepts and includes a number of essays which use the notions in important areas, thereby demonstrating the appropriate use of the concepts in action to encourage their wider use. This book will become a requisite reference tool for Critical Realist scholars and Philosophers and Social scientists alike will enjoy this vital introduction and explanatory text of the indispensable ideas contained within the dynamic and vibrant school of Critical Realism.


A Concise Introduction To Logic

A Concise Introduction to Logic PDF
Author: Patrick J. Hurley
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 56.60 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Fallacies (Logic)
Languages : en
Pages : 655
View: 6104

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A Concise Introduction To Logic

by Patrick J. Hurley, A Concise Introduction To Logic Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Concise Introduction To Logic books, Acclaimed in five prior editions, this text covers all of the standard topics for any introductory logic course in neatly-packaged capsules of learning. Known for its concise, direct style emphasizing clarity, Hurley avoids the peculiar quirks, technicalities, and wordiness of other texts. The material is integrated in such a way that elements fit together as in a puzzle so students can assemble a broad picture of the subject. Visual aids and color are used to reinforce key points and concepts. Additionally, key terms are boldfaced, hundreds of examples serve to illustrate ideas, and more than 2000 carefully selected exercises sharpen student understanding and skill. The adept presentation of the subject matter leads to mastery, even by students with poorer academic preparation.