Cognitive Development

Cognitive Development PDF
Author: Aleksandr Romanovich Lurii︠a︡
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674137325
Size: 59.69 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 175
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Cognitive Development

by Aleksandr Romanovich Lurii︠a︡, Cognitive Development Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Cognitive Development books, Alexander Romanovich Luria, one of the most influential psychologists of the twentieth century, is best known for his pioneering work on the development of language and thought, mental retardation, and the cortical organization of higher mental processes. Virtually unnoticed has been his major contribution to the understanding of cultural differences in thinking. In the early 1930s young Luria set out with a group of Russian psychologists for the steppes of central Asia. Their mission: to study the impact of the socialist revolution on an ancient Islamic cotton-growing culture and, no less, to establish guidelines for a viable Marxist psychology. Lev Vygotsky, Luria's great teacher and friend, was convinced that variations in the mental development of children must be understood as a process including historically determined cultural factors. Guided by this conviction, Luria and his colleagues studied perception, abstraction, reasoning, and imagination among several remote groups of Uzbeks and Kirghiz--from cloistered illiterate women to slightly educated new friends of the central government. The original hypothesis was abundantly supported by the data: the very structure of the human cognitive process differs according to the ways in which social groups live out their various realities. People whose lives are dominated by concrete, practical activities have a different method of thinking from people whose lives require abstract, verbal, and theoretical approaches to reality. For Luria the legitimacy of treating human consciousness as a product of social history legitimized the Marxian dialectic of social development. For psychology in general, the research in Uzbekistan, its rich collection of data and the penetrating observations Luria drew from it, have cast new light on the workings of cognitive activity. The parallels between individual and social development are still being explored by researchers today. Beyond its historical and theoretical significance, this book represents a revolution in method. Much as Piaget introduced the clinical method into the study of children's mental activities, Luria pioneered his own version of the clinical technique for use in cross-cultural work. Had this text been available, the recent history of cognitive psychology and of anthropological study might well have been very different. As it is, we are only now catching up with Luria's procedures.


Culture And Cognition

Culture and Cognition PDF
Author: Norbert Ross
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761929079
Size: 20.42 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 203
View: 5040

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Culture And Cognition

by Norbert Ross, Culture And Cognition Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Culture And Cognition books, Culture plays an important role in our everyday lives, yet the study of cultural processes and their impact on thinking and behavior is still in its infancy. Research in anthropology generally lacks the clarity and specificity of cognitive processes and is therefore usually ignored by most psychologists. On the other hand, most cognitive research in psychology either ignores culture as an important factor to be taken into account or treats culture as yet another independent variable. Recent trends indicate an increasing interest in "culture" as a topic of psychological inquiry. Culture and Cognition: Implications for Theory and Methods combines the study of culture with an understanding of relevant cognitive processes and the challenge of studying high-level cognition as embedded into culture. Author Norbert Ross engages both anthropology and psychology, with the belief that any successful research in culture and cognition must embrace insights from both fields.


Cross Cultural Roots Of Minority Child Development

Cross Cultural Roots of Minority Child Development PDF
Author: Patricia M. Greenfield
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317598687
Size: 46.62 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 426
View: 3653

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Cross Cultural Roots Of Minority Child Development

by Patricia M. Greenfield, Cross Cultural Roots Of Minority Child Development Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Cross Cultural Roots Of Minority Child Development books, Cross-Cultural Roots of Minority Child Development was the first volume to analyze minority child development by comparing minority children to children in their ancestral countries, rather than to children in the host culture. It was a ground-breaking volume that not only offered an historical reconstruction of the cross-cultural roots of minority child development, but a new cultural-historical approach to developmental psychology as well. It was also one of the best attempts to develop guidelines for building models of development that are multicultural in perspective, thus challenging scholars across the behavioral sciences to give more credence to the impact of culture on development and socialization in their respective fields of work. A true classic, Cross-Cultural Roots of Minority Child Development will remain an essential resource for any scholar who is interested in minority child development and engages in cross-cultural research and multidisciplinary methodologies.


Culture And Cognitive Development

Culture and Cognitive Development PDF
Author: Geoffrey B. Saxe
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317728084
Size: 38.68 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 222
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Culture And Cognitive Development

by Geoffrey B. Saxe, Culture And Cognitive Development Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Culture And Cognitive Development books, Researchers examining children's mathematics acquisition are now questioning the belief that children learn mathematics principally through formalized, in-school mathematics education. There is increasing evidence that children gain mathematical understanding through their participation in out-of-school cultural practices and that their mathematics only occasionally resembles what they learn in the classroom. Culture and Cognitive Development presents the latest research by Dr. Geoffrey Saxe on this issue. In examinations of the mathematical understandings of child candy sellers in an urban center in northeastern Brazil, Dr. Saxe finds sharp contrasts between mathematics as practiced in school and in real-world settings. In this unique research project he presents a penetrating conceptual treatment of the interplay between culture and cognitive development, filling a void in current research literature. Subjects examined include: the interplay between sociocultural and cognitive developmental processes the differences between math knowledge learned in and out of the classroom the ways math learning in the classroom is modified by children's out-of-school mathematics and, correspondingly, how practical out-of-school mathematics use is modified by formal education


Mapping The Mind

Mapping the Mind PDF
Author: John Tooby
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521429931
Size: 17.17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 516
View: 2020

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Mapping The Mind

by John Tooby, Mapping The Mind Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mapping The Mind books, A collection of essays introducing the reader to `domain-specificity'.


Handbook Of Cross Cultural Psychology Basic Processes And Human Development

Handbook of Cross cultural Psychology  Basic processes and human development PDF
Author: John W. Berry
Publisher: John Berry
ISBN: 9780205160754
Size: 58.27 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 439
View: 4076

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Handbook Of Cross Cultural Psychology Basic Processes And Human Development

by John W. Berry, Handbook Of Cross Cultural Psychology Basic Processes And Human Development Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Handbook Of Cross Cultural Psychology Basic Processes And Human Development books, The second volume in a set of three, this text incorporates the views of authors from a variety of nations, cultures, traditions and perspectives. It summarizes research in the areas of basic processes and developmental psychology, adopting a dynamic, constructivist and socio-historical approach.


Culture And Psychological Development

Culture and Psychological Development PDF
Author: Dabie Nabuzoka
Publisher: Red Globe Press
ISBN:
Size: 33.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 327
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Culture And Psychological Development

by Dabie Nabuzoka, Culture And Psychological Development Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Culture And Psychological Development books, Cross Cultural Psychology is growing in importance in the teaching of psychology--encouraging a less ethnocentric discipline. Due to this increased need to recognize cross cultural perspectives, this book will be recommended reading on mainstream Developmental Psychology courses and will also be recommended reading on Cross Cultural Psychology courses.


                                                                                                                             PDF
Author: Richard E. Nisbett
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789990601534
Size: 65.82 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Cognition and culture
Languages : ar
Pages : 252
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by Richard E. Nisbett, Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download books,


Culture And Human Development

Culture and Human Development PDF
Author: Wolfgang Friedlmeier
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135420939
Size: 41.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 376
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Culture And Human Development

by Wolfgang Friedlmeier, Culture And Human Development Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Culture And Human Development books, As intercultural encounters between people in the modern world become more common, important questions have been raised about the nature of culture-specific differences and similarities. Focusing on the relationship between culture and human development, this timely book offers an interdisciplinary exploration of key developmental processes. It combines psychological and sociological approaches with cross-cultural research to examine phenomena such as the transfer of culture between generations and the universality of attachment theory. Drawing on detailed research from a range of cultural groups, leading international researchers consider the impact of social change and modernization on the development of the individual and at the societal level. Theoretical and methodological issues are presented in terms of how to apply the results of cross-cultural research as well as recent empirical research done in specialized areas of the field. Finally, short-term intercultural exchanges are examined and used to suggest some of the potential practical uses of cross-cultural research for the future. This book will be essential reading for anyone studying or researching in cultural psychology, cross-cultural psychology, acculturation or behavioral development. It will also prove an invaluable source of information for anyone interested in sociology and the social sciences in general.


Culture And The Development Of Children S Action

Culture and the Development of Children s Action PDF
Author: Jaan Valsiner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471135906
Size: 72.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 364
View: 2146

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Culture And The Development Of Children S Action

by Jaan Valsiner, Culture And The Development Of Children S Action Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Culture And The Development Of Children S Action books, In this deeply probing, intellectually challenging work, Dr. JaanValsiner lays the groundwork for a dynamic new cultural-historicalapproach to developmental psychology. He begins by deconstructingtraditional developmental theory, exposing the conceptual confusionand epistemological blind spots that he believes continue toundermine the scientific validity of its methodologies. Hedescribes the ways in which embedded cultural biases shapeinterventional goals and influence both the direction researchtakes and the ways in which research data are interpreted. And hesuggests ways in which researchers and clinicians can become moreaware of and transcend those biases. Dr. Valsiner then develops a hierarchical, systemic model thatportrays development as an open-ended, dialectical process. Centralto Valsiner's approach is the premise that, since each child isunique--as are his or her life conditions--deviations in functionor the rate of development from a prescribed norm are just aslikely to be constructive adaptations to changing environmentalpressures as symptoms of psychological disorder. Drawing uponsources as varied as linguistic philosophy, structuralanthropology, thermodynamics, and systems theory, as well as thework of many of the leading figures in twentieth-centurydevelopmental theory, Valsiner argues convincingly for an approachto developmental psychology mature enough to recognize thedifference between healthy variability and dysfunction. In later chapters the focus shifts from development in the abstractto the everyday challenges encountered by the developing child.Case histories illustrate the subtle interplay of cultural,physiological, and psychological factors in shaping childhoodbehavior. Called an "intellectual tour de force" by the Bulletin of theMenninger Clinic, Culture and the Development of Children's Actionis important reading for developmental psychologists, childpsychologists, and all child clinicians. "Of course, no science progresses in a linear fashion. It movesinterdependently with the society in which it is embedded, makinguse of the narrative forms in describing itself to its insiders andoutsiders. The rhetoric of scientists about their science istherefore necessarily inconsistent. Sciences are both socialinstitutions within a society and social organizations that attemptto build universal knowledge. It is a complicated task forpsychology to be both knowledge-constructing and self-reflexive atthe same time. Nevertheless, it is the latter kind of reflexivitythat guides the actual construction of knowledge." -- JaanValsiner "[This book] is a fascinating and important work that challengesmuch of contemporary developmental psychology. The Second Editionhas changed in a number of respects, and much new material has beenadded, but at root, Valsiner grapples with the question 'how shallwe understand development?' He continues to struggle also with whathe describes rather vividly as the 'epistemological windmills ofpsychology.' His challenge is summed up succinctly in two linesfrom a poem by T. S. Eliot: * Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge? * Where is the knowledge we have lost in information?" -- -- fromthe Foreword by Kevin Connolly