Demography And Degeneration

Demography and Degeneration PDF
Author: Richard A. Soloway
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469611198
Size: 80.27 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 464
View: 6650

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Demography And Degeneration

by Richard A. Soloway, Demography And Degeneration Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Demography And Degeneration books, Richard Soloway offers a compelling and authoritative study of the relationship of the eugenics movement to the dramatic decline in the birthrate and family size in twentieth-century Britain. Working in a tradition of hereditarian determinism which held fast to the premise that "like tends to beget like," eugenicists developed and promoted a theory of biosocial engineering through selective reproduction. Soloway shows that the appeal of eugenics to the middle and upper classes of British society was closely linked to recurring concerns about the relentless drop in fertility and the rapid spread of birth control practices from the 1870s to World War II. Demography and Degeneration considers how differing scientific and pseudoscientific theories of biological inheritance became popularized and enmeshed in the prolonged, often contentious national debate about "race suicide" and "the dwindling family." Demographic statistics demonstrated that birthrates were declining among the better-educated, most successful classes while they remained high for the poorest, least-educated portion of the population. For many people steeped in the ideas of social Darwinism, eugenicist theories made this decline all the more alarming: they feared that falling birthrates among the "better" classes signfied a racial decline and degeneration that might prevent Britain from successfully negotiating the myriad competive challenges facing the nation in the twentieth century. Although the organized eugenics movement remained small and elitist throughout most of its history, this study demonstrates how pervasive eugenic assumptions were in the middle and upper reaches of British society, at least until World War II. It also traces the important role of eugenics in the emergence of the modern family planning movement and the formulation of population policies in the interwar years.


Social Darwinism In European And American Thought 1860 1945

Social Darwinism in European and American Thought  1860 1945 PDF
Author: Michael Hawkins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521574341
Size: 79.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 344
View: 2977

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Social Darwinism In European And American Thought 1860 1945

by Michael Hawkins, Social Darwinism In European And American Thought 1860 1945 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Social Darwinism In European And American Thought 1860 1945 books, An analysis of the ideological influence of Social Darwinists in Europe and America.


Global Population

Global Population PDF
Author: Alison Bashford
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231519524
Size: 54.44 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 512
View: 5941

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Global Population

by Alison Bashford, Global Population Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Global Population books, Concern about the size of the world's population did not begin with the "population bomb" in 1968. It arose in the aftermath of World War I and was understood as an issue with far-reaching ecological, agricultural, economic, and geopolitical consequences. The world population problem concerned the fertility of soil as much as the fertility of women, always involving both "earth" and "life." Global Population traces the idea of a world population problem as it evolved from the 1920s through the 1960s. The growth and distribution of the human population over the planet's surface came deeply to shape the characterization of "civilizations" with different standards of living. It forged the very ideas of development, demographically defined three worlds, and, for some, an aspirational "one world." Drawing on international conference transcripts and personal and organizational archives, this book reconstructs the twentieth-century population problem in terms of migration, colonial expansion, globalization, and world food plans. Population was a problem in which international relations and intimate relations were one. Global Population ultimately shows how a geopolitical problem about sovereignty over land morphed into a biopolitical solution, entailing sovereignty over one's person.


Better Britons

Better Britons PDF
Author: Nadine Attewell
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442667079
Size: 50.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 5240

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Better Britons

by Nadine Attewell, Better Britons Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Better Britons books, In 1932, Aldous Huxley published Brave New World, his famous novel about a future in which humans are produced to spec in laboratories. Around the same time, Australian legislators announced an ambitious experiment to “breed the colour” out of Australia by procuring white husbands for women of white and indigenous descent. In this study, Nadine Attewell reflects on an assumption central to these and other policy initiatives and cultural texts from twentieth-century Britain, Australia, and New Zealand: that the fortunes of the nation depend on controlling the reproductive choices of citizen-subjects. Better Britons charts an innovative approach to the politics of reproduction by reading an array of works and discourses – from canonical modernist novels and speculative fictions to government memoranda and public debates – that reflect on the significance of reproductive behaviours for civic, national, and racial identities. Bringing insights from feminist and queer theory into dialogue with work in indigenous studies, Attewell sheds new light on changing conceptions of British and settler identity during the era of decolonization.


Divine Feminine

Divine Feminine PDF
Author: Joy Dixon
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801875307
Size: 50.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 5366

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Divine Feminine

by Joy Dixon, Divine Feminine Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Divine Feminine books, In 1891, newspapers all over the world carried reports of the death of H. P. Blavatsky, the mysterious Russian woman who was the spiritual founder of the Theosophical Society. With the help of the equally mysterious Mahatmas who were her teachers, Blavatsky claimed to have brought the "ancient wisdom of the East" to the rescue of a materialistic West. In England, Blavatsky's earliest followers were mostly men, but a generation later the Theosophical Society was dominated by women, and theosophy had become a crucial part of feminist political culture. Divine Feminine is the first full-length study of the relationship between alternative or esoteric spirituality and the feminist movement in England. Historian Joy Dixon examines the Theosophical Society's claims that women and the East were the repositories of spiritual forces which English men had forfeited in their scramble for material and imperial power. Theosophists produced arguments that became key tools in many feminist campaigns. Many women of the Theosophical Society became suffragists to promote the spiritualizing of politics, attempting to create a political role for women as a way to "sacralize the public sphere." Dixon also shows that theosophy provides much of the framework and the vocabulary for today's New Age movement. Many of the assumptions about class, race, and gender which marked the emergence of esoteric religions at the end of the nineteenth century continue to shape alternative spiritualities today.


Determined Spirits

Determined Spirits PDF
Author: Christine Ferguson
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748650687
Size: 47.70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 6616

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Determined Spirits

by Christine Ferguson, Determined Spirits Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Determined Spirits books, Examines the Spiritualist movement's role in disseminating eugenic and hard hereditarian thought


The Archaeology Of Race

The Archaeology of Race PDF
Author: Debbie Challis
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472502191
Size: 20.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 7609

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The Archaeology Of Race

by Debbie Challis, The Archaeology Of Race Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Archaeology Of Race books, How much was archaeology founded on prejudice? The Archaeology of Race explores the application of racial theory to interpret the past in Britain during the late Victorian and Edwardian period. It investigates how material culture from ancient Egypt and Greece was used to validate the construction of racial hierarchies. Specifically focusing on Francis Galton's ideas around inheritance and race, it explores how the Egyptologist Flinders Petrie applied these in his work in Egypt and in his political beliefs. It examines the professional networks formed by societies, such as the Anthropological Institute, and their widespread use of eugenic ideas in analysing society. Archaeology of Race draws on archives and objects from the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology and the Galton collection at UCL. These collections are used to explore anti-Semitism, skull collecting, New Race theory and physiognomy. These collections give insight into the relationship between Galton and Petrie and place their ideas in historical context.


The Literary Churchill

The Literary Churchill PDF
Author: Jonathan Rose
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300206232
Size: 22.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 529
View: 6284

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The Literary Churchill

by Jonathan Rose, The Literary Churchill Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Literary Churchill books, “An interesting and at times surprising account of Churchill's tastes as a reader…many of [these] nuggets will be new even to Churchill junkies.”—TheWall Street Journal This strikingly original book introduces a Winston Churchill we haven’t known before. Award-winning author Jonathan Rose explores Churchill’s careers as statesman and author, revealing the profound influence of literature and theater on Churchill’s personal, carefully composed grand story and the decisions he made throughout his political life. In this expansive literary biography, Rose provides an analysis of Churchill’s writings and their reception (he won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953 and was a best-selling author), and a chronicle of his dealings with publishers, editors, literary agents, and censors. The book also identifies an array of authors who shaped Churchill’s own writings and politics: George Bernard Shaw, H. G. Wells, Margaret Mitchell, George Orwell, Oscar Wilde, and many more. Rose investigates the effect of Churchill’s passion for theater on his approach to reportage, memoirs, and historical works. Perhaps most remarkably, Rose reveals the unmistakable influence of Churchill’s reading on every important episode of his public life, including his championship of social reform, plans for the Gallipoli invasion, command during the Blitz, crusade for Zionism, and efforts to prevent a nuclear arms race. Finally, Rose traces the significance of Churchill’s writings to later generations of politicians—among them President John F. Kennedy as he struggled to extricate the U.S. from the Cuban Missile Crisis. “Immensely enjoyable…This gracefully written book is an original and textured study of Churchill’s imagination.”—The Washington Post


Fertility Class And Gender In Britain 1860 1940

Fertility  Class and Gender in Britain  1860 1940 PDF
Author: Simon Szreter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521528689
Size: 67.75 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 728
View: 4037

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Fertility Class And Gender In Britain 1860 1940

by Simon Szreter, Fertility Class And Gender In Britain 1860 1940 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Fertility Class And Gender In Britain 1860 1940 books, A unique interpretation of falling fertility in Britain between 1860 and 1940, with new and surprising findings.


Gender And Power In Britain 1640 1990

Gender and Power in Britain 1640 1990 PDF
Author: Susan Kingsley Kent
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134755120
Size: 71.51 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 5681

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Gender And Power In Britain 1640 1990

by Susan Kingsley Kent, Gender And Power In Britain 1640 1990 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Gender And Power In Britain 1640 1990 books, Gender and Power in Britain is an original and exciting history of Britain from the early modern period to the present focusing on the interaction of gender and power in political, social, cultural and economic life. Using a chronological framework, the book examines: * the roles, responsibilities and identities of men and women * how power relationships were established within various gender systems * how women and men reacted to the institutions, laws, customs, beliefs and practices that constituted their various worlds * class, racial and ethnic considerations * the role of empire in the development of British institutions and identities * the civil war * twentieth century suffrage * the world wars * industrialisation * Victorian morality.