Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Of Goods And Services

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services PDF
Author: Chris T. Hendrickson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136525491
Size: 63.49 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 274
View: 2989

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Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Of Goods And Services

by Chris T. Hendrickson, Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Of Goods And Services Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Of Goods And Services books, Environmental life cycle assessment is often thought of as cradle to grave and therefore as the most complete accounting of the environmental costs and benefits of a product or service. However, as anyone who has done an environmental life cycle assessment knows, existing tools have many problems: data is difficult to assemble and life cycle studies take months of effort. A truly comprehensive analysis is prohibitive, so analysts are often forced to simply ignore many facets of life cycle impacts. But the focus on one aspect of a product or service can result in misleading indications if that aspect is benign while other aspects pollute or are otherwise unsustainable. This book summarizes the EIO-LCA method, explains its use in relation to other life cycle assessment models, and provides sample applications and extensions of the model into novel areas. A final chapter explains the free, easy-to-use software tool available on a companion website. (www.eiolca.net) The software tool provides a wealth of data, summarizing the current U.S. economy in 500 sectors with information on energy and materials use, pollution and greenhouse gas discharges, and other attributes like associated occupational deaths and injuries. The joint project of twelve faculty members and over 20 students working together over the past ten years at the Green Design Institute of Carnegie Mellon University, the EIO-LCA has been applied to a wide range of products and services. It will prove useful for research, industry, and in economics, engineering, or interdisciplinary classes in green design.


The Computational Structure Of Life Cycle Assessment

The Computational Structure of Life Cycle Assessment PDF
Author: R. Heijungs
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402006722
Size: 47.67 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 241
View: 6596

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The Computational Structure Of Life Cycle Assessment

by R. Heijungs, The Computational Structure Of Life Cycle Assessment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Computational Structure Of Life Cycle Assessment books, Life Cycle assessment (LCA) is a tool for environmental decision-support in relation to products from the cradle to the grave. Until now, more emphasis has been put on the inclusion quantitative models and databases and on the design of guidebooks for applying LCA than on the integrative aspect of combining these models and data. This is a remarkable thing, since LCA in practice deals with thousands of quantitative data items that have to be combined in the correct manner. For this, one needs mathematical rules and algorithmic principles for carrying out an LCA. This book presents the first coherent treatment of the mathematical and algorithmic aspects of LCA. These computational aspects are presented in matrix form, so that a concise and elegant formulation is achieved. This form, moreover, provides a platform for further extension of analysis using perturbation theory, structural theory and economic input-output analysis.


Global Life Cycle Impact Assessments Of Material Shifts

Global Life Cycle Impact Assessments of Material Shifts PDF
Author: Anders S. G. Andrae
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781848826618
Size: 78.28 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 183
View: 6212

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Global Life Cycle Impact Assessments Of Material Shifts

by Anders S. G. Andrae, Global Life Cycle Impact Assessments Of Material Shifts Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Global Life Cycle Impact Assessments Of Material Shifts books, Planet Earth is under stress from various environmental factors, increasing the importance of being able to estimate the environmental costs associated with dynamic material shifts. Such shifts are occurring in the electronics industry and the most famous recent example is the introduction of lead-free solders. "Global Life Cycle Impact Assessments of Material Shifts" describes the environmental implications of this shift to lead-free solders and conductive adhesives using the standardized methodology of environmental life-cycle assessment (LCA). As the product systems involved are rather small for interconnection materials it is possible – using uncertainty analysis and consequential LCA – to arrive at robust conclusions, even in the difficult holistic field of environmental cost accounting. The lead-free shift has many implications, such as the export of electronics waste, resource consumption, recycling issues, and technology development.


Web Based Green Products Life Cycle Management Systems Reverse Supply Chain Utilization

Web Based Green Products Life Cycle Management Systems  Reverse Supply Chain Utilization PDF
Author: Wang, Hsiao-Fan
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1605661155
Size: 79.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 488
View: 7069

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Web Based Green Products Life Cycle Management Systems Reverse Supply Chain Utilization

by Wang, Hsiao-Fan, Web Based Green Products Life Cycle Management Systems Reverse Supply Chain Utilization Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Web Based Green Products Life Cycle Management Systems Reverse Supply Chain Utilization books, Provides a review of current and potential research in green management and control.


Guidelines For Social Life Cycle Assessment Of Products

Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment of Products PDF
Author: Evan Stuart Andrews
Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint
ISBN: 9789280730210
Size: 31.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 103
View: 4169

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Guidelines For Social Life Cycle Assessment Of Products

by Evan Stuart Andrews, Guidelines For Social Life Cycle Assessment Of Products Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Guidelines For Social Life Cycle Assessment Of Products books, The Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment of Products provides a map, a skeleton and a flash light for stakeholders engaging in the assessment of social and socio-economic impacts of products life cycle. The map describes the context, the key concepts, the broader field in which tools and techniques are getting developed and their scope of application. The skeleton presents key elements to consider and provide guidance for the goal and scope, inventory, impact assessment and interpretation phases of a social life cycle assessment. The flash light highlights areas where further research is needed. Social Life Cycle Assessment is a technique available to account for stories and inform systematically on impacts that otherwise would be lost in the vast and fast moving sea of our modern world. May it help stakeholders to effectively and efficiently engage to improve social and socio-economic conditions of production and consumption.


Emerging Technologies

Emerging Technologies PDF
Author: Nora Savage
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814411000
Size: 53.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 342
View: 3654

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Emerging Technologies

by Nora Savage, Emerging Technologies Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Emerging Technologies books, Traditional Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) methodologies affect the public health and environmental impacts from a material, product, process or activity. The authors of this book suggest that a more holistic approach that incorporates societal and behavioral dimensions will create better results. They discuss how to develop an adaptive framework that would include a wider range of perspectives and disciplines. The book will also include discussions about "Technological Black Swans," trading zones, ethics, behavioral nanotechnology, governance, risk, green design, tools for practitioners, and conclude with a chapter presenting a "strategic outlook."


Design For Environment Second Edition

Design for Environment  Second Edition PDF
Author: Joseph Fiksel
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071776222
Size: 57.82 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 432
View: 548

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Design For Environment Second Edition

by Joseph Fiksel, Design For Environment Second Edition Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Design For Environment Second Edition books, Proven methods for achieving environmental excellence while increasing profitability "If your goal is to design and develop environmentally sustainable products that also drive shareholder value, then this book is a must read." --Stuart L. Hart, S.C. Johnson Chair in Sustainable Global Enterprise, Cornell University "A comprehensive and inspiring guide that provides a powerful case for integration of environmental principles into product development ... Essential reading for any organization putting DFE into practice." --Ken Strassner, Vice President, Global Environment, Safety, Regulatory and Scientific Affairs, Kimberly-Clark Corporation “Joseph Fiksel has produced a masterful book that not only powerfully argues for Design for Environment, but also provides the roadmap and real-life examples that prove the point. This book arrives not a moment too soon for a stressed planet. Industry has the opportunity to re-think how we design, produce, sell and dispose of products, and this book provides the tools and best practices to accomplish a new and improved way of doing business.” –-Jim Thomas, Vice President, Corporate Social Responsibility, JCPenney “A must read for all practitioners of a Design for Environment approach. This book makes the most compelling case yet for taking a more integrated and holistic approach to DFE—the bottom line! Green initiatives must increase profitability to be truly sustainable, and Dr. Fiksel provides the blueprint for how global companies are enhancing profits and winning in the marketplace by designing their way to competitive advantage.” --Jim Lime, Vice President, Environment, Health & Safety, ConAgra Foods "At a time when many companies are wrestling with the challenges of energy and environmental management, Design for Environment provides a unique resource—a clear and comprehensive guide to the tools and best practices that are essential for any business that aspires to be sustainable. Innovation will be the key to addressing global climate change and assuring future prosperity, and this book illuminates the path forward." --Dennis Welch, Executive Vice President, Environment, Safety & Health and Facilities, American Electric Power "The book offers important industry perspectives on how companies develop and design innovative solutions to complex environmental and societal challenges. It goes well beyond theory, offering case studies with quantifiable results that illustrate how companies can save money while improving the environment and helping local communities. It shows how companies of all types are using resources more efficiently, sometimes by teaming up with other industries, to achieve results that balance the triple bottom line of people, planet, and prosperity. This richly-detailed study should be of great interest to industry leaders, policymakers, scholars, and students alike. We are all fortunate to have Joseph Fiksel working on sustainable development." --Andy Mangan, Executive Director, U.S. Business Council for Sustainable Development Based on successful green strategies practiced at dozens of major corporations, Design for Environment, Second Edition, offers a business rationale for developing sustainable products and processes, as well as a comprehensive toolkit for practicing Design for Environment (DFE) in the context of product life-cycle management. Insights on how DFE can be seamlessly integrated into existing business practices are also included. This unique resource reveals how environmental innovation creates business value and helps companies to meet global energy and environmental challenges. Features in-depth case studies of DFE applications by industry leaders such as: Alcoa * American Electric Power * Caterpillar * Coca-Cola * ConAgra Foods * Dow Chemical Company * DuPont * Eli Lilly * Ford Motor Company * General Motors * Hewlett-Packard * Intel * JCPenney * Johnson & Johnson * Kimberly-Clark * McDonald's * Owens Corning * Patagonia * 3M Company * Xerox