Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Open Access

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment  Open Access  PDF
Author: Olivier Jolliet
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439887705
Size: 80.32 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 3689

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Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Open Access

by Olivier Jolliet, Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Open Access Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Open Access books, Environmental Life Cycle Assessment is a pivotal guide to identifying environmental problems and reducing related impacts for companies and organizations in need of life cycle assessment (LCA). LCA, a unique sustainability tool, provides a framework that addresses a growing demand for practical technological solutions. Detailing each phase of the LCA methodology, this textbook covers the historical development of LCA, presents the general principles and characteristics of LCA, and outlines the corresponding standards for good practice determined by the International Organization for Standardization. It also explains how to identify the critical aspects of an LCA, provides detailed examples of LCA analysis and applications, and includes illustrated problems and solutions with concrete examples from water management, electronics, packaging, automotive, and other industries. In addition, readers will learn how to: Use consistent criteria to realize and evaluate an LCA independently of individual interests Understand the LCA methodology and become familiar with existing databases and methods based on the latest results of international research Analyze and critique a completed LCA Apply LCA methodology to simple case studies Geared toward graduate and undergraduate students studying environmental science and industrial ecology, as well as practicing environmental engineers, and sustainability professionals who want to teach themselves LCA good practices, Environmental Life Cycle Assessment demonstrates how to conduct environmental assessments for products throughout their life cycles. It presents existing methods and recent developments in the growing field of LCA and systematically covers goal and system definition, life cycle inventory, life cycle impact assessment, and interpretation.


New Trends In Recycled Aggregate Concrete

New Trends in Recycled Aggregate Concrete PDF
Author: Jorge de Brito
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3039211404
Size: 59.49 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 6674

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New Trends In Recycled Aggregate Concrete

by Jorge de Brito, New Trends In Recycled Aggregate Concrete Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download New Trends In Recycled Aggregate Concrete books, This book is the result of a Special Issue published in Applied Sciences, entitled “New Trends in Recycled Aggregate Concrete". It identifies emerging research areas within the field of recycled aggregate concrete and contributes to the increased use of this eco-efficient material. Its contents are organised in the following sections: Upscaling the use of recycled aggregate concrete in structural design; Large scale applications of recycled aggregate concrete; Long-term behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete; Performance of recycled aggregate concrete in very aggressive environments; Reliability of recycled aggregate concrete structures; Life cycle assessment of recycled aggregate concrete; New applications of recycled aggregate concrete.


Life Cycle Assessment

Life Cycle Assessment PDF
Author: Kathrina Simonen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317697359
Size: 57.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 182
View: 7013

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Life Cycle Assessment

by Kathrina Simonen, Life Cycle Assessment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Life Cycle Assessment books, Life Cycle Assessment addresses the dynamic and dialectic of building and ecology, presenting the key theories and techniques surrounding the use of life cycle assessment data and methods. Architects and construction professionals must assume greater responsibility in helping building owners to understand the implications of making material, manufacturing, and assemblage decisions and therefore design to accommodate more ecological building. Life Cycle Assessment is a guide for architects, engineers, and builders, presenting the principles and art of performing life cycle impact assessments of materials and whole buildings, including the need to define meaningful goals and objectives and critically evaluate analysis assumptions. As part of the PocketArchitecture Series, the book includes both fundamentals and advanced topics. The book is primarily focused on arming the design and construction professional with the tools necessary to make design decisions regarding life cycle, reuse, and sustainability. As such, the book is a practical text on the concepts and applications of life cycle techniques and environmental impact evaluation in architecture and is presented in language and depth appropriate for building industry professionals.


Progress In Life Cycle Assessment 2019

Progress in Life Cycle Assessment 2019 PDF
Author: Stefan Albrecht
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030505197
Size: 45.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 239
View: 5653

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Progress In Life Cycle Assessment 2019

by Stefan Albrecht, Progress In Life Cycle Assessment 2019 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Progress In Life Cycle Assessment 2019 books, This book covers the latest developments in life cycle assessment LCA both in terms of methodology and its application in various research areas. It includes methodological questions as well as case studies concerning energy and mobility, materials and engineering, sustainable construction and future technologies. With numerous research articles from leading German and Austrian research institutes, the book is a valuable source for professionals working in the field of sustainability assessment, researchers interested in the current state of LCA research, and advanced university students in various scientific and technical fields. Chapter “Life Cycle Assessment of a Hydrogen and Fuel Cell RoPax Ferry Prototype” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.


Life Cycle Engineering Of Plastics

Life Cycle Engineering of Plastics PDF
Author: L. Lundquist
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080535470
Size: 29.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 220
View: 3739

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Life Cycle Engineering Of Plastics

by L. Lundquist, Life Cycle Engineering Of Plastics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Life Cycle Engineering Of Plastics books, "This book adds much to the already evolving field of Design for Environment; but it goes far beyond most works on this subject by surrounding the central notions of life cycle assessment with a scientific body of knowledge and with a more practical slant reflecting the reality of the organizations in which product development occurs. Through a focus on plastic products, the authors show the importance of making ties between basic technical knowledge and the process of life cycle engineering. Their approach offers a practical, deliberate way to make ecologically and economically sensible decisions about product reuse and recycling and other critical dimensions of product life behavior. They demonstrate a positive approach to designing products that fits into a sustainable economy through down-to-earth cases. While the book focuses on the life cycle engineering of plastics, it is only a short step to other materials and products. Beyond contributing to the technology of life cycle engineering, this text adds to the growing body of knowledge that argues for an fundamentally new way of thinking about economic and social activity--a new paradigm for sustainable social and industrial problem solving. Industrial ecology is such a new system for thinking about and implementing sustainability that draws its core set of ideas from the ecological world. Industrial ecology brings to the surface the idea of interdependence among members of a community-- natural or economic, and notes the material cycles that are central to a stable ecosystem. The life cycle engineering framework, coupled with sound scientific knowledge of materials behavior as articulated in this book, makes a giant step towards bringing the model of industrial ecology into everyday practice." From the Preface by John R. Ehrenfeld Director, MIT Technology, Business and Environment Program Center for Technology, Policy, and Industrial Development


Web Based Green Products Life Cycle Management Systems Reverse Supply Chain Utilization

Web Based Green Products Life Cycle Management Systems  Reverse Supply Chain Utilization PDF
Author: Wang, Hsiao-Fan
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1605661155
Size: 27.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 488
View: 4220

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Web Based Green Products Life Cycle Management Systems Reverse Supply Chain Utilization

by Wang, Hsiao-Fan, Web Based Green Products Life Cycle Management Systems Reverse Supply Chain Utilization Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Web Based Green Products Life Cycle Management Systems Reverse Supply Chain Utilization books, Provides a review of current and potential research in green management and control.


Sustainability And Life Cycle Assessment In Industrial Biotechnology

Sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment in Industrial Biotechnology PDF
Author: Magnus Fröhling
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030470660
Size: 54.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 367
View: 1802

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Sustainability And Life Cycle Assessment In Industrial Biotechnology

by Magnus Fröhling, Sustainability And Life Cycle Assessment In Industrial Biotechnology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Sustainability And Life Cycle Assessment In Industrial Biotechnology books, This book reviews the assessment of industrial biotechnology products and processes from a sustainable perspective. Industrial Biotechnology is a comparably young field which comes along with high expectations with regard to sustainability issues. These stem from the promise of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and replacing fossil resources in the near or later future and using green technology, i.e. more environmentally friendly technologies. The intended economic, ecological and social benefits, however, need to be proven, resulting in a variety of challenges, both from a methodological and application point of view. In this book, specific assessment and application topics of industrial biotechnology are addressed, highlighting challenges and solutions for both developers and users of assessment methods. In twelve chapters, experts in their particular fields define the scope, characterize industrial biotechnology and show in their contributions the state of the art, challenges and prospects of assessing industrial biotechnology products and processes. The chapter 'Societal and Ethical Aspects of Industrial Biotechnology' of this book is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com


Life Cycle Inventory Analysis

Life Cycle Inventory Analysis PDF
Author: Andreas Ciroth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783030622695
Size: 76.82 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 235
View: 6613

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Life Cycle Inventory Analysis

by Andreas Ciroth, Life Cycle Inventory Analysis Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Life Cycle Inventory Analysis books, Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) Analysis is the second phase in the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) framework. Since the first attempts to formalize life cycle assessment in the early 1970, life cycle inventory analysis has been a central part. In fact, it might be older than the LCA framework itself. LCI analysis is situated in between the goal and scope definition phase and the life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) phase, and it is interconnected with the interpretation phase. To each of the other phases, there are feedback loops, enabling an agile workflow. Chapter 1 “Introduction to Life Cycle Inventory Analysis“ discusses the history of inventory analysis from the 1970s through SETAC and the ISO standard. How LCI situates itself as the data collection phase between the goal scoping and assessment steps is presented. In Chapter 2 “Principles of Life Cycle Inventory Modeling”, the general principles of setting up an LCI model and LCI analysis are described by introducing the core LCI model and extensions that allow addressing reality better. It is shown how the method, essentially now three decades old, was valid in its conception and has evolved. Chapter 3 “Development of Unit Process Datasets” regards the development of unit processes, which can be seen as the very cells or atoms of LCI analysis. It is shown that developing unit processes of high quality and transparency is not a trivial task, but is crucial for high-quality LCA studies. The critical review process is highlighted. Chapter 4 is titled “Multi-functionality in Life Cycle Inventory Analysis: Approaches and Solutions”. Products and services can have more than one function, though LCA generally analyzes only one of these. How the different inputs are allocated is, therefore, part of the calculation. This chapter describes how multi-functional processes can be identified categorized. Furthermore, different solutions to the multi-functionality problem are discussed and analyzed. In Chapter 5 “Data Quality in Life Cycle Inventories”, the quality of data gathered and used in LCI analysis is discussed. State-of-the-art indicators to assess data quality in LCA are described and the fitness for purpose concept is introduced: data quality is not an absolute property of a dataset, but instead depends on the application. Chapter 6 “Life Cycle Inventory Data and Databases“ follows up on the topic of LCI data and provides a state-of-the-art description of LCI databases. It describes differences between foreground and background data, recommendations for starting a database, data exchange and quality assurance concepts for databases, as well as the scientific basis of LCI databases. Chapter 7 “Algorithms of Life Cycle Inventory Analysis“ provides the mathematical models underpinning the LCI. It is a theoretical contribution where the algorithms of LCI analysis are described. Since Heijungs and Suh (2002), this is the first time that this aspect of LCA has been fundamentally presented, with distinct extensions. In Chapter 8 “Inventory Indicators in Life Cycle Assessment”, the use of LCI data to create aggregated environmental and resource indicators is described. Such indicators include the cumulative energy demand and various water use indicators. These have the advantage of being simple and robust, but at the same time have the disadvantage of being less connected to actual impacts than midpoint and endpoint indicators used in LCA. Chapter 9 “The Link Between Life Cycle Inventory Analysis and Life Cycle Impact Assessment” uses four examples to discuss the link between LCI analysis and LCIA. A clear and relevant link between these phases is crucial, since LCI data that does not fit into existing LCIA models will remain unused, and similarly, if no LCIA models exist which fit the LCI data gathered, it too will remain unused. Only with a clear link between them, an LCA study can make use of all the gathered data.


Designing Sustainable Technologies Products And Policies

Designing Sustainable Technologies  Products and Policies PDF
Author: Enrico Benetto
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319669818
Size: 60.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 520
View: 1688

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Designing Sustainable Technologies Products And Policies

by Enrico Benetto, Designing Sustainable Technologies Products And Policies Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Designing Sustainable Technologies Products And Policies books, This open access book provides insight into the implementation of Life Cycle approaches along the entire business value chain, supporting environmental, social and economic sustainability related to the development of industrial technologies, products, services and policies; and the development and management of smart agricultural systems, smart mobility systems, urban infrastructures and energy for the built environment. The book is based on papers presented at the 8th International Life Cycle Management Conference that took place from September 3-6, 2017 in Luxembourg, and which was organized by the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) and the University of Luxembourg in the framework of the LCM Conference Series.