Ethical And Philosophical Consideration Of The Dual Use Dilemma In The Biological Sciences

Ethical and Philosophical Consideration of the Dual Use Dilemma in the Biological Sciences PDF
Author: Seumas Miller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402083122
Size: 54.38 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 76
View: 2271

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Ethical And Philosophical Consideration Of The Dual Use Dilemma In The Biological Sciences

by Seumas Miller, Ethical And Philosophical Consideration Of The Dual Use Dilemma In The Biological Sciences Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Ethical And Philosophical Consideration Of The Dual Use Dilemma In The Biological Sciences books, What Is the Dual-Use Dilemma? The so-called “dual-use dilemma” arises in the context of research in the biological and other sciences as a consequence of the fact that one and the same piece of sci- tific research sometimes has the potential to be used for harm as well as for good. A dual-use dilemma is an ethical dilemma, and an ethical dilemma for the researcher (and for those who have the power or authority to assist or impede the researcher’s work, e. g. , governments). It is an ethical dilemma since it is about promoting good in the context of the potential for also causing harm, e. g. , the p- motion of health in the context of providing the wherewithal for the killing of in- cents. It is an ethical dilemma for the researcher not because he or she is aiming at anything other than a good outcome; typically, the researcher intends no harm, but only good. Rather, the dilemma arises for the researcher because of the potential actions of others. Malevolent non-researchers might steal dangerous biological agents produced by the researcher; alternatively, other researchers—or at least their governments or leadership—might use the results of the original researcher’s work for malevolent purposes. The malevolent purposes in question include bioterrorism, biowarfare and blackmail for financial gain.


On The Dual Uses Of Science And Ethics

On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics PDF
Author: Michael J. Selgelid
Publisher: ANU E Press
ISBN: 1925021343
Size: 34.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 390
View: 2055

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On The Dual Uses Of Science And Ethics

by Michael J. Selgelid, On The Dual Uses Of Science And Ethics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download On The Dual Uses Of Science And Ethics books, Claims about the transformations enabled by modern science and medicine have been accompanied by an unsettling question in recent years: might the knowledge being produced undermine – rather than further – human and animal well being? On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics examines the potential for the skills, know-how, information, and techniques associated with modern biology to serve contrasting ends. In recognition of the moral ambiguity of science and technology, each chapter considers steps that might be undertaken to prevent the deliberate spread of disease. Central to achieving this aim is the consideration of what role ethics might serve. To date, the ethical analysis of the themes of this volume has been limited. This book remedies this situation by bringing together contributors from a broad range of backgrounds to address a highly important ethical issue confronting humanity during the 21st century.


Dual Use Science And Technology Ethics And Weapons Of Mass Destruction

Dual Use Science and Technology  Ethics and Weapons of Mass Destruction PDF
Author: Seumas Miller
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319926063
Size: 50.44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 122
View: 4404

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Dual Use Science And Technology Ethics And Weapons Of Mass Destruction

by Seumas Miller, Dual Use Science And Technology Ethics And Weapons Of Mass Destruction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dual Use Science And Technology Ethics And Weapons Of Mass Destruction books, This book deals with the problem of dual-use science research and technology. It first explains the concept of dual use and then offers analyses of collective knowledge and collective ignorance. It goes on to present a theory of collective responsibility, followed by four chapters focusing on a particular scientific field or industry of dual use concern: the chemical industry, the nuclear industry, cyber-technology and the biological sciences. The problem of dual-use science research and technology arises because such research and technology has the potential to be used for great evil as well as for great good. On the one hand, knowledge is a necessary condition, and perhaps a constitutive feature, of technologies that contribute greatly to individual and collective well-being. Consider, for example, nuclear technology that enables the generation of low cost electricity in populations without obvious alternative energy sources. So technological knowledge is a good thing and ignorance of it a bad thing. On the other hand, these same technologies can be extremely harmful to individuals and collectives, as with the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. So, at least with respect to some technologies evidently knowledge is a bad thing and ignorance a good thing. Accordingly, the question arises as to whether we ought to limit scientific research and/or the development of technology and, if so, which research or technology, in what manner and to what extent. This book examines the answer to that question.


What Is Scientific Knowledge

What is Scientific Knowledge  PDF
Author: Kevin McCain
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351336614
Size: 69.76 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 314
View: 3439

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What Is Scientific Knowledge

by Kevin McCain, What Is Scientific Knowledge Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download What Is Scientific Knowledge books, What Is Scientific Knowledge? is a much-needed collection of introductory-level chapters on the epistemology of science. Renowned historians, philosophers, science educators, and cognitive scientists have authored 19 original contributions specifically for this volume. The chapters, accessible for students in both philosophy and the sciences, serve as helpful introductions to the primary debates surrounding scientific knowledge. First-year undergraduates can readily understand the variety of discussions in the volume, and yet advanced students and scholars will encounter chapters rich enough to engage their many interests. The variety and coverage in this volume make it the perfect choice for the primary text in courses on scientific knowledge. It can also be used as a supplemental book in classes in epistemology, philosophy of science, and other related areas. Key features: * an accessible and comprehensive introduction to the epistemology of science for a wide variety of students (both undergraduate- and graduate-level) and researchers * written by an international team of senior researchers and the most promising junior scholars * addresses several questions that students and lay people interested in science may already have, including questions about how scientific knowledge is gained, its nature, and the challenges it faces.


Perspectives On Ignorance From Moral And Social Philosophy

Perspectives on Ignorance from Moral and Social Philosophy PDF
Author: Rik Peels
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317369556
Size: 67.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 246
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Perspectives On Ignorance From Moral And Social Philosophy

by Rik Peels, Perspectives On Ignorance From Moral And Social Philosophy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Perspectives On Ignorance From Moral And Social Philosophy books, This edited collection focuses on the moral and social dimensions of ignorance—an undertheorized category in analytic philosophy. Contributors address such issues as the relation between ignorance and deception, ignorance as a moral excuse, ignorance as a legal excuse, and the relation between ignorance and moral character. In the moral realm, ignorance is sometimes considered as an excuse; some specific kind of ignorance seems to be implied by a moral character; and ignorance is closely related to moral risk. Ignorance has certain social dimensions as well: it has been claimed to be the engine of science; it seems to be entailed by privacy and secrecy; and it is widely thought to constitute a legal excuse in certain circumstances. Together, these contributions provide a sustained inquiry into the nature of ignorance and the pivotal role it plays in the moral and social domains.


Defence Against Bioterrorism

Defence Against Bioterrorism PDF
Author: Vladan Radosavljevic
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402412638
Size: 51.46 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 665

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Defence Against Bioterrorism

by Vladan Radosavljevic, Defence Against Bioterrorism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Defence Against Bioterrorism books, This volume is based on a multidisciplinary approach towards biological and chemical threats that can, and have been previously used in bioterrorism attacks around the globe. Current knowledge and evidence-based principles from the fields of synthetic biology, microbiology, plant biology, chemistry, food science, forensics, tactics, infective medicine, psychology and others are compiled to address numerous aspects and the complexity of bioterrorism attacks. The main focus is on biological threats, especially in the context of synthetic biology and its emerging findings that can be observed as possible threat and tool. The book examines microorganisms and their possible use in forensics, i.e. as possible detection tool that could enable fast and precise detection of possible treats. A number of plant derived components are also discussed as possible agents in bioterrorism attacks, and in relation to infectious disease pathology. Another integral part is food safety, especially in terms of large food supply chains, like airline caterings, institutionalized kitchens etc. Food can be observed as a possible mean of delivery of various agents (biological and chemical) for bioterrorism attacks. Steps on how to recognize specific critical points in a food supply chain, along with proposed corrective activities are discussed. Examples from around the globe, along with the methodological approach on how to differentiate bioterrorism attacks from other epidemics are provided. However, epidemics are also discussed in the context of migrations, with the special emphasis on the current refugee migrations that affect not only Europe, but also the United States. The book will be of interest to experts from various fields of science as well as professionals working in the field. The book encompasses examples and tools developed for easier, more specific, and faster detection of possible bioterrorism treats, along with proposed actions for some aspects of a bioterrorism attack.


The Philosopher S Index

The Philosopher s Index PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 13.91 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1500

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The Philosopher S Index

by , The Philosopher S Index Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Philosopher S Index books, Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.


British Humanities Index

British Humanities Index PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 76.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Periodicals
Languages : en
Pages :
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British Humanities Index

by , British Humanities Index Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download British Humanities Index books,