Finiteness And Nominalization

Finiteness and Nominalization PDF
Author: Claudine Chamoreau
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027267022
Size: 43.68 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 380
View: 2372

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Finiteness And Nominalization

by Claudine Chamoreau, Finiteness And Nominalization Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Finiteness And Nominalization books, This volume addresses the relation between finiteness and nominalization, which is far more complex than the simple opposition finite-nonfinite. The contributions analyze finiteness cross-linguistically from both synchronic and diachronic perspectives, focusing on a number of topics that has not been thoroughly explored in the literature. First, the correlation between finiteness and nominalization is also affected by a third factor, information structure. Second, there is a correlation between the continuum of finiteness and the scale from main/independent clauses to dependent clauses. Given that of nominalized constructions occur not only in dependent clauses, but also in independent clauses, it is possible to grade according to degree of nominalization, which can then be related to the scale of finiteness. Finally, each of these scales can also be seen as a product the diachronic process of re-finitization and of finitization.


Syntax

Syntax PDF
Author: Talmy Givón
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9781588110688
Size: 39.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 406
View: 620

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Syntax

by Talmy Givón, Syntax Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Syntax books, This new edition of Syntax: A functional-typological introduction is at many points radically revised. In the previous edition (1984) the author deliberately chose to de-emphasize the more formal aspects of syntactic structure, in favor of a more comprehensive treatment of the semantic and pragmatic correlates of syntactic structure. With hindsight the author now finds the de-emphasis of the formal properties a somewhat regrettable choice, since it creates the false impression that one could somehow be a functionalist without being at the same time a structuralist. To redress the balance, explicit treatment is given to the core formal properties of syntactic constructions, such as constituency and hierarchy (phrase structure), grammatical relations and relational control, clause union, finiteness and governed constructions. At the same time, the cognitive and communicative underpinning of grammatical universals are further elucidated and underscored, and the interplay between grammar, cognition and neurology is outlined. Also the relevant typological database is expanded, now exploring in greater precision the bounds of syntactic diversity. Lastly, Syntax treats synchronic-typological diversity more explicitly as the dynamic by-product of diachronic development or grammaticalization. In so doing a parallel is drawn between linguistic diversity and diachrony on the one hand and biological diversity and evolution on the other. It is then suggested that — as in biology — synchronic universals of grammar are exercised and instantiated primarily as constraints on development, and are thus merely the apparent by-products of universal constraints on grammaticalization.


The Genesis Of Syntactic Complexity

The Genesis of Syntactic Complexity PDF
Author: Talmy Givón
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027232539
Size: 19.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 366
View: 3642

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The Genesis Of Syntactic Complexity

by Talmy Givón, The Genesis Of Syntactic Complexity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Genesis Of Syntactic Complexity books, Complex hierarchic syntax is a hallmark of human language. The highest level of syntactic complexity, recursive-embedded clauses, has been singled out by some for a special status as the evolutionary apex of the uniquely - human language faculty - evolutionary yet mysteriously immune to Darwinian adaptive selection. Prof. Givón's book treats syntactic complexity as an integral part of the evolutionary rise of human communication. The book first describes grammar as an adaptive instrument of communication, assembled upon the pre-existing platform of pre-linguistic object- and-event cognition and mental representation. It then surveys the two grand developmental trends of human language: diachrony, the communal enterprise directly responsible for fashioning synchronic morpho-syntax and cross-language diversity; and ontogeny, the individual endeavor directly responsible for acquiring the competent use of grammar. The genesis of syntactic complexity along these two developmental trends is compared with second language acquisition, pre-grammatical pidgin and pre-human communication. The evolutionary relevance of language diachrony, language ontogeny and pidginization is argued for on general bio-evolutionary grounds: It is the organism's adaptive on-line behavior- invention, learning and skill acquisition - that is the common thread running through all three developmental trends. The neuro-cognitive circuits that underlie language, and their evolutionary underpinnings, are described and assessed. Recursive embedding turns out to be not an adaptive target on its own, but the by-product of two distinct adaptive moves: (i) the recruitment of conjoined clauses as modal operators on, or referential specifiers of, other clauses; and (ii) the subsequent condensation of paratactic into syntactic structures.


Syntax

Syntax PDF
Author: T. Givón
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027297924
Size: 33.69 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 406
View: 6370

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Syntax

by T. Givón, Syntax Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Syntax books, This new edition of Syntax: A functional-typological introduction is at many points radically revised. In the previous edition (1984) the author deliberately chose to de-emphasize the more formal aspects of syntactic structure, in favor of a more comprehensive treatment of the semantic and pragmatic correlates of syntactic structure. With hindsight the author now finds the de-emphasis of the formal properties a somewhat regrettable choice, since it creates the false impression that one could somehow be a functionalist without being at the same time a structuralist. To redress the balance, explicit treatment is given to the core formal properties of syntactic constructions, such as constituency and hierarchy (phrase structure), grammatical relations and relational control, clause union, finiteness and governed constructions. At the same time, the cognitive and communicative underpinning of grammatical universals are further elucidated and underscored, and the interplay between grammar, cognition and neurology is outlined. Also the relevant typological database is expanded, now exploring in greater precision the bounds of syntactic diversity. Lastly, Syntax treats synchronic-typological diversity more explicitly as the dynamic by-product of diachronic development or grammaticalization. In so doing a parallel is drawn between linguistic diversity and diachrony on the one hand and biological diversity and evolution on the other. It is then suggested that — as in biology — synchronic universals of grammar are exercised and instantiated primarily as constraints on development, and are thus merely the apparent by-products of universal constraints on grammaticalization.


Linguistics

Linguistics PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 46.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Linguistics
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 891

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Linguistics

by , Linguistics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Linguistics books,


Noun Phrases And Nominalization In Basque

Noun Phrases and Nominalization in Basque PDF
Author: Urtzi Etxeberria
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027255709
Size: 59.68 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 466
View: 590

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Noun Phrases And Nominalization In Basque

by Urtzi Etxeberria, Noun Phrases And Nominalization In Basque Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Noun Phrases And Nominalization In Basque books, This collective volume on nominal expressions in Basque, a language isolate with no known relatives, comprises original papers on the syntactic structure and the interpretation of both Noun Phrases and nominalization constructions – a traditionally neglected aspect of Basque linguistics. The minute attention to properties and paradigms previously overlooked, and the analyses of them in the light of recent advances in syntactic theory make this book a valuable tool for syntacticians, semanticists and morphologists. This work fills a gap in the theoretical study of Basque, and the richness of data presented makes it interesting for any researcher from whatever particular theoretical persuasion. This volume is especially useful for researchers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduate students of comparative grammar, typology, and theoretical linguistics.


Brno Studies In English

Brno Studies in English PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 58.40 MB
Format: PDF
Category : English philology
Languages : en
Pages :
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Brno Studies In English

by , Brno Studies In English Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Brno Studies In English books,


Tense Aspect Modality And Finiteness In East Caucasian Languages

Tense  Aspect  Modality and Finiteness in East Caucasian Languages PDF
Author: Gilles Authier
Publisher: Brockmeyer Verlag
ISBN: 3819608001
Size: 63.39 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Caucasian languages
Languages : en
Pages : 204
View: 3981

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Tense Aspect Modality And Finiteness In East Caucasian Languages

by Gilles Authier, Tense Aspect Modality And Finiteness In East Caucasian Languages Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Tense Aspect Modality And Finiteness In East Caucasian Languages books,


Nominalizations

Nominalizations PDF
Author: Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415060206
Size: 57.83 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 333
View: 6008

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Nominalizations

by Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Nominalizations Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Nominalizations books, Based on extensive and diverse material from seventy languages, and covering a range of previously undiscussed problems, Nominalizationsprovides a thorough analysis of how nominalization types interact with other structural features. It focuses on action nominal constructions and, in particular, the comparison of their syntactic theories. Supported by rich empirical material and illustrated with examples from all the sample languages, the book provides a detailed basis for constructing a typology of derived constructions and for presenting cross-linguistic comparisons. The author's research findings show that no language has syntactic means which are exclusively used in action nominal constructions, giving support to the view that constructions which appear later in language acquisition and development are modelled, as far as possible, on already existing constructions. Nominalizationsalso contains a detailed discussion of related phenomena, such as subordination and finiteness across languages. Demonstrating the complexity of the relations between noun, verb and intermediate categories, the results of the book have important implications for the study of parts of speech. This book will be invaluable for typologists and for linguists working on morphology and syntax.