Generative Social Science

Generative Social Science PDF
Author: Joshua M. Epstein
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400842875
Size: 21.44 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 5765

Get Book

Generative Social Science

by Joshua M. Epstein, Generative Social Science Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Generative Social Science books, Agent-based computational modeling is changing the face of social science. In Generative Social Science, Joshua Epstein argues that this powerful, novel technique permits the social sciences to meet a fundamentally new standard of explanation, in which one "grows" the phenomenon of interest in an artificial society of interacting agents: heterogeneous, boundedly rational actors, represented as mathematical or software objects. After elaborating this notion of generative explanation in a pair of overarching foundational chapters, Epstein illustrates it with examples chosen from such far-flung fields as archaeology, civil conflict, the evolution of norms, epidemiology, retirement economics, spatial games, and organizational adaptation. In elegant chapter preludes, he explains how these widely diverse modeling studies support his sweeping case for generative explanation. This book represents a powerful consolidation of Epstein's interdisciplinary research activities in the decade since the publication of his and Robert Axtell's landmark volume, Growing Artificial Societies. Beautifully illustrated, Generative Social Science includes a CD that contains animated movies of core model runs, and programs allowing users to easily change assumptions and explore models, making it an invaluable text for courses in modeling at all levels.


Agent Zero

Agent Zero PDF
Author: Joshua M. Epstein
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691158886
Size: 43.98 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 2131

Get Book

Agent Zero

by Joshua M. Epstein, Agent Zero Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Agent Zero books, The Final Volume of the Groundbreaking Trilogy on Agent-Based Modeling In this pioneering synthesis, Joshua Epstein introduces a new theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This software individual, or "agent," is endowed with distinct emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules. Grounded in contemporary neuroscience, these internal components interact to generate observed, often far-from-rational, individual behavior. When multiple agents of this new type move and interact spatially, they collectively generate an astonishing range of dynamics spanning the fields of social conflict, psychology, public health, law, network science, and economics. Epstein weaves a computational tapestry with threads from Plato, Hume, Darwin, Pavlov, Smith, Tolstoy, Marx, James, and Dostoevsky, among others. This transformative synthesis of social philosophy, cognitive neuroscience, and agent-based modeling will fascinate scholars and students of every stripe. Epstein's computer programs are provided in the book or on its Princeton University Press website, along with movies of his "computational parables.? Agent_Zero is a signal departure in what it includes (e.g., a new synthesis of neurally grounded internal modules), what it eschews (e.g., standard behavioral imitation), the phenomena it generates (from genocide to financial panic), and the modeling arsenal it offers the scientific community. For generative social science, Agent_Zero presents a groundbreaking vision and the tools to realize it.


Growing Artificial Societies

Growing Artificial Societies PDF
Author: Joshua M. Epstein
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780262050531
Size: 73.37 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 2512

Get Book

Growing Artificial Societies

by Joshua M. Epstein, Growing Artificial Societies Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Growing Artificial Societies books, ""Growing Artificial Societies" is a milestone in social science research. It vividly demonstrates the potential of agent-based computer simulation to break disciplinary boundaries. It does this by analyzing in a unified framework the dynamic interactions of such diverse activities as trade, combat, mating, culture, and disease. It is an impressive achievement." -- Robert Axelrod, University of Michigan How do social structures and group behaviors arise from the interaction of individuals? "Growing Artificial Societies" approaches this question with cutting-edge computer simulation techniques. Fundamental collective behaviors such as group formation, cultural transmission, combat, and trade are seen to "emerge" from the interaction of individual agents following a few simple rules. In their program, named Sugarscape, Epstein and Axtell begin the development of a "bottom up" social science that is capturing the attention of researchers and commentators alike. The study is part of the 2050 Project, a joint venture of the Santa Fe Institute, the World Resources Institute, and the Brookings Institution. The project is an international effort to identify conditions for a sustainable global system in the next century and to design policies to help achieve such a system. "Growing Artificial Societies" is also available on CD-ROM, which includes about 50 animations that develop the scenarios described in the text. "Copublished with the Brookings Institution"


Epistemological Aspects Of Computer Simulation In The Social Sciences

Epistemological Aspects of Computer Simulation in the Social Sciences PDF
Author: Flaminio Squazzoni
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642011098
Size: 28.16 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 183
View: 6673

Get Book

Epistemological Aspects Of Computer Simulation In The Social Sciences

by Flaminio Squazzoni, Epistemological Aspects Of Computer Simulation In The Social Sciences Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Epistemological Aspects Of Computer Simulation In The Social Sciences books, This volume collects the revised versions of the invited and selected papers that were presented at the Second EPOS––Epistemological Perspectives on Simulation––Workshop, held in Brescia, Italy, in October 2006. EPOS is a bi-annual cross-disciplinary workshop on simulation originally established by Ulrich Frank and Klaus G. Troitzsch, with a first e- tion held in Koblenz in July 2004. EPOS aims to provide a forum for scholars from various disciplines, such as the social sciences, computer sciences, engineering and natural sciences, who are interested in discussing epistemological aspects of computer simulation across disciplinary boundaries. The common belief behind the workshop is the recognition that the time has come to seriously reflect on epistemological and methodological preconditions, processes and consequences of simulation as a research tool. During the fist edition in Koblenz 2004, a number of interesting topics were ca- fully addressed: the link between theory and simulation models, the empirical vali- tion of agent-based models in the natural and the social sciences, the relation between models and truth, as well as the role of stylized facts in evidence-based models. A good cross-disciplinary atmosphere permeated the workshop, making possible the exchange of knowledge and ideas beyond any disciplinary boundary. The first EPOS proceedings were edited by Ulrich Frank and Klaus G. Troitzsch and published in the Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2005.


Information Visualization Techniques In The Social Sciences And Humanities

Information Visualization Techniques in the Social Sciences and Humanities PDF
Author: Osinska, Veslava
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522549919
Size: 25.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 356
View: 5248

Get Book

Information Visualization Techniques In The Social Sciences And Humanities

by Osinska, Veslava, Information Visualization Techniques In The Social Sciences And Humanities Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Information Visualization Techniques In The Social Sciences And Humanities books, The representation of abstract data and ideas can be a difficult and tedious task to handle when learning new concepts; however, the advances in emerging technology have allowed for new methods of representing such conceptual data. Information Visualization Techniques in the Social Sciences and Humanities is a critical scholarly resource that examines the application of information visualization in the social sciences and humanities. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as social network analysis, complex systems, and visualization aesthetics, this book is geared towards professionals, students, and researchers seeking current research on information visualization.


Proceedings Of The 2018 Conference Of The Computational Social Science Society Of The Americas

Proceedings of the 2018 Conference of the Computational Social Science Society of the Americas PDF
Author: Ted Carmichael
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030359026
Size: 76.88 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 291
View: 5233

Get Book

Proceedings Of The 2018 Conference Of The Computational Social Science Society Of The Americas

by Ted Carmichael, Proceedings Of The 2018 Conference Of The Computational Social Science Society Of The Americas Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Proceedings Of The 2018 Conference Of The Computational Social Science Society Of The Americas books, This book contains a selection of the latest research in the field of Computational Social Science (CSS) methods, uses, and results, as presented at the 2018 annual conference of the CSSSA. This conference was held in Santa Fe, New Mexico, October 25 – 28, 2018, at the Drury Plaza Hotel. CSS investigates social and behavioral dynamics in both nature and society, through computer simulation, network analysis, and the science of complex systems. The Computational Social Science Society of the Americas (CSSSA) is a professional society that aims to advance the field of CSS in all its areas, from fundamental principles to real-world applications, by holding conferences and workshops, promoting standards of scientific excellence in research and teaching, and publishing novel research findings. What follows is a diverse representation of new approaches and research findings, using the tools of CSS and Agent-Based Modeling (ABM) in exploring complex phenomena across many different domains. Readers will not only have the methods and results of these specific projects on which to build, but will also gain a greater appreciation for the broad scope of CSS, and have a wealth of case-study examples that can serve as meaningful exemplars for new research projects and activities. This book, we hope, will appeal to any researchers and students working in the social sciences, broadly defined, who aim to better understand and apply the concepts of Complex Adaptive Systems to their work.


New Thinking In Complexity For The Social Sciences And Humanities

New Thinking in Complexity for the Social Sciences and Humanities PDF
Author: Ton Jörg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400713031
Size: 75.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 321
View: 267

Get Book

New Thinking In Complexity For The Social Sciences And Humanities

by Ton Jörg, New Thinking In Complexity For The Social Sciences And Humanities Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download New Thinking In Complexity For The Social Sciences And Humanities books, The underlying idea and motive for the book is that the notion of complexity may humanize the social sciences, may conceive the complex human being as more human, and turn reality as assumed in our doing social science into a more complex, that is a richer reality for all. The main focus of this book is on new thinking in complexity, with complexity to be taken as derived from the Latin word complexus: ‘that which is interwoven.’ The trans-disciplinary approach advocated here will be trans-disciplinary in two ways: firstly, by going beyond the separate disciplines within the fields of both natural sciences and social sciences, and, secondly, by going beyond the separate cultures of the natural sciences and of the social sciences and humanities.


The Growth Of Social Knowledge

The Growth of Social Knowledge PDF
Author: Gerald W. Lundeen
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275972134
Size: 59.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 299
View: 1065

Get Book

The Growth Of Social Knowledge

by Gerald W. Lundeen, The Growth Of Social Knowledge Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Growth Of Social Knowledge books, Analyzes and describes processes of scientific, cumulative knowledge growth in sociology.


Artificial Crime Analysis Systems Using Computer Simulations And Geographic Information Systems

Artificial Crime Analysis Systems  Using Computer Simulations and Geographic Information Systems PDF
Author: Liu, Lin
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1599045931
Size: 69.33 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 508
View: 5791

Get Book

Artificial Crime Analysis Systems Using Computer Simulations And Geographic Information Systems

by Liu, Lin, Artificial Crime Analysis Systems Using Computer Simulations And Geographic Information Systems Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Artificial Crime Analysis Systems Using Computer Simulations And Geographic Information Systems books, In the last decade there has been a phenomenal growth in interest in crime pattern analysis. Geographic information systems are now widely used in urban police agencies throughout industrial nations. With this, scholarly interest in understanding crime patterns has grown considerably. Artificial Crime Analysis Systems: Using Computer Simulations and Geographic Information Systems discusses leading research on the use of computer simulation of crime patterns to reveal hidden processes of urban crimes, taking an interdisciplinary approach by combining criminology, computer simulation, and geographic information systems into one comprehensive resource.


Complexity And The Economy

Complexity and the Economy PDF
Author: W. Brian Arthur
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199334315
Size: 62.45 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 3108

Get Book

Complexity And The Economy

by W. Brian Arthur, Complexity And The Economy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Complexity And The Economy books, Economics is changing. In the last few years it has generated a number of new approaches. One of the most promising - complexity economics - was pioneered in the 1980s and 1990s by a small team at the Santa Fe Institute. Economist and complexity theorist W. Brian Arthur led that team, and in this book he collects many of his articles on this new approach. The traditional framework sees behavior in the economy as in an equilibrium steady state. People in the economy face well-defined problems and use perfect deductive reasoning to base their actions on. The complexity framework, by contrast, sees the economy as always in process, always changing. People try to make sense of the situations they face using whatever reasoning they have at hand, and together create outcomes they must individually react to anew. The resulting economy is not a well-ordered machine, but a complex evolving system that is imperfect, perpetually constructing itself anew, and brimming with vitality. The new vision complements and widens the standard one, and it helps answer many questions: Why does the stock market show moods and a psychology? Why do high-tech markets tend to lock in to the dominance of one or two very large players? How do economies form, and how do they continually alter in structure over time? The papers collected here were among the first to use evolutionary computation, agent-based modeling, and cognitive psychology. They cover topics as disparate as how markets form out of beliefs; how technology evolves over the long span of time; why systems and bureaucracies get more complicated as they evolve; and how financial crises can be foreseen and prevented in the future.