God Free Will And Morality

God  Free Will  and Morality PDF
Author: R. Richman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400970773
Size: 71.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 195
View: 1177

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God Free Will And Morality

by R. Richman, God Free Will And Morality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download God Free Will And Morality books, "He [Francis Bacon] writes of science like a Lord Chan cellor" - William Harvey "Don't say: 'There must be something common . . . ' - but look and see" Ludwig Wittgenstein In the history of western moral philosophy since Plato, there has been a pervasive tendency for the moral theorist to wri~e, in effect, like a scientist, Le. to seek completely general prin ciples of right conduct. Of late, moreover, there has been an attempt to set forth a theory underlying the general principles, not of right conduct, admittedly, but of justice. To be sure, we are sometimes warned that the principles (which must exist?) may be too complex to be formulated. Also they may not exist prior to action - nonetheless, we are told, they serve as guides to conduct! One inight argue that Baconian inductivism provides one basis for skepticism with respect to a number of familiar epistemological problems. Thus, the skeptic argues, a certain conclusion - say, the existence of another's pain - is not justified on the basis of (behavioral) evidence either deductively or inductively, and hence it is not justified at all. Similarly, I should claim, by establishing an unattainable standard, the search for exceptionless principles may become a source of moral skepticism. After all, when con fronted with a supposed principle designed to justify a particular ix x PREFACE action, one can generally imagine a counter-example to the prin ciple without excessive difficulty.


Metaphilosophy And Free Will

Metaphilosophy and Free Will PDF
Author: Richard Double
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195355413
Size: 48.39 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 6034

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Metaphilosophy And Free Will

by Richard Double, Metaphilosophy And Free Will Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Metaphilosophy And Free Will books, Why is debate over the free will problem so intractable? In this broad and stimulating look at the philosophical enterprise, Richard Double uses the free will controversy to build on the subjectivist conclusion he developed in The Non-Reality of Free Will (OUP 1991). Double argues that various views about free will--e.g., compatibilism, incompatibilism, and even subjectivism--are compelling if, and only if, we adopt supporting metaphilosophical views. Because metaphilosophical considerations are not provable, we cannot show any free will theory to be most reasonable. Metaphilosophy and Free Will deconstructs the free will problem and, by example, challenges philosophers in other areas to show how their philosophical argumentation can succeed.


My Way

My Way PDF
Author: John Martin Fischer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195346282
Size: 16.92 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 2311

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My Way

by John Martin Fischer, My Way Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download My Way books, This is a selection of essays on moral responsibility that represent the major components of John Martin Fischer's overall approach to freedom of the will and moral responsibility. The collection exhibits the overall structure of Fischer's view and shows how the various elements fit together to form a comprehensive framework for analyzing free will and moral responsibility. The topics include deliberation and practical reasoning, freedom of the will, freedom of action, various notions of control, and moral accountability. The essays seek to provide a foundation for our practices of holding each other (and ourselves) morally and legally accountable for our behavior. A crucial move is the distinction between two kinds of control. According to Fischer, "regulative control" involves freedom to choose and do otherwise ("alternative possibilities"), whereas "guidance control" does not. Fischer contends that guidance control is all the freedom we need to be morally responsible agents. Further, he contends that such control is fully compatible with causal determinism. Additionally, Fischer argues that we do not need genuine access to alternative possibilities in order for there to be a legitimate point to practical reasoning. Fischer's overall framework contains an argument for the contention that guidance control, and not regulative control, is associated with moral responsibility, a sketch of a comprehensive theory of moral responsibility (that ties together responsibility for actions, omissions, consequences, and character), and an account of the value of moral responsibility. On this account, the value of exhibiting freedom (of the relevant sort) and thus being morally responsible for one's behavior is a species of the value of artistic self-expression.


God And Morality

God and Morality PDF
Author: Christopher J. H. Wright
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199148394
Size: 37.65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : God
Languages : en
Pages : 176
View: 3945

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God And Morality

by Christopher J. H. Wright, God And Morality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download God And Morality books, Part of a series of three books to be produced over the next year that are ideal for AQA Religious Studies Specification B Full and Short Course GCSE Modules.


God And Morality

God and Morality PDF
Author: John E. Hare
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405195983
Size: 69.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 309
View: 4913

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God And Morality

by John E. Hare, God And Morality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download God And Morality books, God and Morality evaluates the ethical theories of four principle philosophers, Aristotle, Duns Scotus, Kant, and R.M. Hare. Uses their thinking as the basis for telling the story of the history and development of ethical thought more broadly Focuses specifically on their writings on virtue, will, duty, and consequence Concentrates on the theistic beliefs to highlight continuity of philosophical thought


Stealing From God

Stealing from God PDF
Author: Frank Turek
Publisher: NavPress
ISBN: 1612918042
Size: 74.36 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 756

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Stealing From God

by Frank Turek, Stealing From God Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Stealing From God books, If you think atheists have reason, evidence, and science on their side, think again! Award-winning author Dr. Frank Turek (I Don’t Have Enough Faith to be an Atheist) will show you how atheists steal reason, evidence, science, and other arguments from God in trying to make their case for atheism. If that sounds contradictory, it’s because it is! Atheists can’t make their case without appealing to realities only theism can explain. In an engaging and memorable way, Stealing from God exposes these intellectual crimes atheists are committing and then provides four powerful reasons for why Christianity is true.


Inquiry Forms And Substances

Inquiry  Forms  and Substances PDF
Author: Thomas Blackson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401102813
Size: 30.48 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 229
View: 754

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Inquiry Forms And Substances

by Thomas Blackson, Inquiry Forms And Substances Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Inquiry Forms And Substances books, i. Introductory remarks 1 Plato, but not Socrates, concluded that the Forms are substances. Whether the Forms are substances is not an issue that Socrates had in mind. He did not deny it, but neither did he affirm it. If Socrates were asked a series of questions designed to determine whether he believed that the Forms are substances, he would admit that he had no opinion about this philosophical issue. Unlike Plato, Socrates was not a metaphysician. The same, of course, would not have always been true of Plato. Unlike Socrates, he was a metaphysician. At some point in his career, and at least by the time of the Phaedo and the Republic, Plato did what Socrates never thought to do. Plato considered the question and concluded that the Forms are substances. Although this development occurred more than two thousand years ago, time has not eclipsed its importance. It is one of the most seminal events in the history of the philosophy. With his defense of Socrates's method of intellectual inquiry, and the development of his Theory of Forms, Plato caused a now familiar cluster of metaphysical and epistemological issues to become central to philosophy.


Scientific And Religious Belief

Scientific and Religious Belief PDF
Author: P. Weingartner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401108048
Size: 77.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 189
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Scientific And Religious Belief

by P. Weingartner, Scientific And Religious Belief Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Scientific And Religious Belief books, This book provides new insights into the interrelation between scientific and religious belief. The chapters cover important features of belief in general and discuss distinctive properties between belief, knowledge and acceptance. These properties are considered in relation and comparison to religious belief. Among the contributions are topics such as: the change of scientific belief in relation to the change of our information. Is belief value-free? What are rational reasons (for the justification) of religious hypotheses? What are the important similarities and differences between scientific and religious belief? The different features and aspects are discussed in respect to the great religions of mankind. In addition to the research papers the book contains selections of the discussion which help to clarify interesting details. The book will be of interest to a vast readership among philosophers, theologians and people interested in philosophical questions concerning religion.


The Eye And The Mind

The Eye and the Mind PDF
Author: C. Landesman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401733171
Size: 50.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 162
View: 2917

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The Eye And The Mind

by C. Landesman, The Eye And The Mind Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Eye And The Mind books, This book is a discussion of some of the major philosophical problems centering around the topic of sense perception and the foundations of human knowledge. It begins with a characterization of our common sense understanding of the role of the senses in the acquisition of belief, and it argues that scientific accounts of the processes of perception undermine salient parts of this understanding. The naive point of view of direct realism cannot be sustained in the light of a scientifically instructed understanding of perception. This critique of direct realism points to the correctness of the representative theory of perception characteristic of such early modem philosophers as Descartes and Locke, and it also endorses the subjective tum that they defended. It argues that these positions do not require introducing sense data into the picture, and thus it avoids the intractable problems that the sense datum philosophy introduces. In addition, several versions of cognitive accounts of sense perception are criticized with the result that it is unnecessary to characterize sensory processes in intentional terms. The book then turns to a leading question introduced into modem philosophy by Descartes and Locke, the question of the accuracy of the information delivered by the senses to our faculty of belief. In particular, how accurate are our representations of the secondary qualities? The case of color is considered in detail.


Believing And Accepting

Believing and Accepting PDF
Author: P. Engel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401140421
Size: 57.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 2680

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Believing And Accepting

by P. Engel, Believing And Accepting Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Believing And Accepting books, (1) Beliefs are involuntary, and not nonnally subject to direct voluntary control. For instance I cannot believe at will that my trousers are on fire, or that the Dalai Lama is a living God, even if you pay me a large amount of money for believing such things. (2) Beliefs are nonnally shaped by evidence for what is believed, unless they are, in some sense, irrational. In general a belief is rational if it is proportioned to the degree of evidence that one has for its truth. In this sense, one often says that "beliefs aim at truth" . This is why it is, on the face of it, irrational to believe against the evidence that one has. A subject whose beliefs are not shaped by a concern for their truth, but by what she wants to be the case, is more or less a wishful thinker or a self-deceiver. (3) Beliefs are context independent, in the sense that at one time a subject believes something or does not believe it; she does not believe it relative to one context and not relative to another. For instance if I believe that Paris is a polluted city, I cannot believe that on Monday and not on Tuesday; that would be a change of belief, or a change of mind, but not a case of believing one thing in one context and another thing in another context. If I believe something, the belief is more or 4 less pennanent across various contexts.