Induction Algorithmic Learning Theory And Philosophy

Induction  Algorithmic Learning Theory  and Philosophy PDF
Author: Michèle Friend
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402061277
Size: 73.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 290
View: 2779

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Induction Algorithmic Learning Theory And Philosophy

by Michèle Friend, Induction Algorithmic Learning Theory And Philosophy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Induction Algorithmic Learning Theory And Philosophy books, This is the first book to collect essays from philosophers, mathematicians and computer scientists working at the exciting interface of algorithmic learning theory and the epistemology of science and inductive inference. Readable, introductory essays provide engaging surveys of different, complementary, and mutually inspiring approaches to the topic, both from a philosophical and a mathematical viewpoint.


Pluralism In Mathematics A New Position In Philosophy Of Mathematics

Pluralism in Mathematics  A New Position in Philosophy of Mathematics PDF
Author: Michèle Friend
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400770588
Size: 50.50 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 291
View: 6980

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Pluralism In Mathematics A New Position In Philosophy Of Mathematics

by Michèle Friend, Pluralism In Mathematics A New Position In Philosophy Of Mathematics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Pluralism In Mathematics A New Position In Philosophy Of Mathematics books, This book is about philosophy, mathematics and logic, giving a philosophical account of Pluralism which is a family of positions in the philosophy of mathematics. There are four parts to this book, beginning with a look at motivations for Pluralism by way of Realism, Maddy’s Naturalism, Shapiro’s Structuralism and Formalism. In the second part of this book the author covers: the philosophical presentation of Pluralism; using a formal theory of logic metaphorically; rigour and proof for the Pluralist; and mathematical fixtures. In the third part the author goes on to focus on the transcendental presentation of Pluralism, and in part four looks at applications of Pluralism, such as a Pluralist approach to proof in mathematics and how Pluralism works in regard to together-inconsistent philosophies of mathematics. The book finishes with suggestions for further Pluralist enquiry. In this work the author takes a deeply radical approach in developing a new position that will either convert readers, or act as a strong warning to treat the word ‘pluralism’ with care.


Hume S Problem Solved

Hume s Problem Solved PDF
Author: Gerhard Schurz
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262352451
Size: 57.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 5911

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Hume S Problem Solved

by Gerhard Schurz, Hume S Problem Solved Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Hume S Problem Solved books, A new approach to Hume's problem of induction that justifies the optimality of induction at the level of meta-induction. Hume's problem of justifying induction has been among epistemology's greatest challenges for centuries. In this book, Gerhard Schurz proposes a new approach to Hume's problem. Acknowledging the force of Hume's arguments against the possibility of a noncircular justification of the reliability of induction, Schurz demonstrates instead the possibility of a noncircular justification of the optimality of induction, or, more precisely, of meta-induction (the application of induction to competing prediction models). Drawing on discoveries in computational learning theory, Schurz demonstrates that a regret-based learning strategy, attractivity-weighted meta-induction, is predictively optimal in all possible worlds among all prediction methods accessible to the epistemic agent. Moreover, the a priori justification of meta-induction generates a noncircular a posteriori justification of object induction. Taken together, these two results provide a noncircular solution to Hume's problem. Schurz discusses the philosophical debate on the problem of induction, addressing all major attempts at a solution to Hume's problem and describing their shortcomings; presents a series of theorems, accompanied by a description of computer simulations illustrating the content of these theorems (with proofs presented in a mathematical appendix); and defends, refines, and applies core insights regarding the optimality of meta-induction, explaining applications in neighboring disciplines including forecasting sciences, cognitive science, social epistemology, and generalized evolution theory. Finally, Schurz generalizes the method of optimality-based justification to a new strategy of justification in epistemology, arguing that optimality justifications can avoid the problems of justificatory circularity and regress.


Intelligence And Spirit

Intelligence and Spirit PDF
Author: Reza Negarestani
Publisher: Urbanomic/Sequence Press
ISBN: 0997567406
Size: 39.49 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 560
View: 551

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Intelligence And Spirit

by Reza Negarestani, Intelligence And Spirit Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Intelligence And Spirit books, A critique of both classical humanism and dominant trends in posthumanism that formulates the ultimate form of intelligence as a theoretical and practical thought unfettered by the temporal order of things. In Intelligence and Spirit Reza Negarestani formulates the ultimate form of intelligence as a theoretical and practical thought unfettered by the temporal order of things, a real movement capable of overcoming any state of affairs that, from the perspective of the present, may appear to be the complete totality of history. Intelligence pierces through what seems to be the totality or the inevitable outcome of its history, be it the manifest portrait of the human or technocapitalism as the alleged pilot of history. Building on Hegel's account of Geist as a multiagent conception of mind and on Kant's transcendental psychology as a functional analysis of the conditions of possibility of mind, Negarestani provides a critique of both classical humanism and dominant trends in posthumanism. The assumptions of the former are exposed by way of a critique of the transcendental structure of experience as a tissue of subjective or psychological dogmas; the claims of the latter regarding the ubiquity of mind or the inevitable advent of an unconstrained superintelligence are challenged as no more than ideological fixations which do not stand the test of systematic scrutiny. This remarkable fusion of continental philosophy in the form of a renewal of the speculative ambitions of German Idealism and analytic philosophy in the form of extended thought-experiments and a philosophy of artificial languages opens up new perspectives on the meaning of human intelligence and explores the real potential of posthuman intelligence and what it means for us to live in its prehistory.


Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 16.66 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages :
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Mathematical Reviews

by , Mathematical Reviews Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mathematical Reviews books,


Inductive Logic

Inductive Logic PDF
Author: Dov M. Gabbay
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080931693
Size: 49.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 800
View: 2402

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Inductive Logic

by Dov M. Gabbay, Inductive Logic Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Inductive Logic books, This volume is number ten in the 11-volume Handbook of the History of Logic. While there are many examples were a science split from philosophy and became autonomous (such as physics with Newton and biology with Darwin), and while there are, perhaps, topics that are of exclusively philosophical interest, inductive logic — as this handbook attests — is a research field where philosophers and scientists fruitfully and constructively interact. This handbook covers the rich history of scientific turning points in Inductive Logic, including probability theory and decision theory. Written by leading researchers in the field, both this volume and the Handbook as a whole are definitive reference tools for senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in the history of logic, the history of philosophy, and any discipline, such as mathematics, computer science, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence, for whom the historical background of his or her work is a salient consideration. • Chapter on the Port Royal contributions to probability theory and decision theory • Serves as a singular contribution to the intellectual history of the 20th century • Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights


Handbook Of The History Of Logic Inductive Logic

Handbook of the History of Logic  Inductive logic PDF
Author: Dov M. Gabbay
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444529365
Size: 66.64 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Induction (Logic)
Languages : en
Pages : 785
View: 1913

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Handbook Of The History Of Logic Inductive Logic

by Dov M. Gabbay, Handbook Of The History Of Logic Inductive Logic Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Handbook Of The History Of Logic Inductive Logic books, In designing the Handbook of the History of Logic, the Editors have taken the view that the history of logic holds more than an antiquarian interest, and that a knowledge of logic's rich and sophisticated development is, in various respects, relevant to the research programmes of the present day. Ancient logic is no exception. The present volume attests to the distant origins of some of modern logic's most important features, such as can be found in the claim by the authors of the chapter on Aristotle's early logic that, from its infancy, the theory of the syllogism is an example of an intuitionistic, non-monotonic, relevantly paraconsistent logic. Similarly, in addition to its comparative earliness, what is striking about the best of the Megarian and Stoic traditions is their sophistication and originality.


Algorithmic Learning Theory

Algorithmic Learning Theory PDF
Author: Setsuo Arikawa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540585206
Size: 78.37 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 573
View: 4235

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Algorithmic Learning Theory

by Setsuo Arikawa, Algorithmic Learning Theory Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Algorithmic Learning Theory books, This volume presents the proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Analogical and Inductive Inference (AII '94) and the Fifth International Workshop on Algorithmic Learning Theory (ALT '94), held jointly at Reinhardsbrunn Castle, Germany in October 1994. (In future the AII and ALT workshops will be amalgamated and held under the single title of Algorithmic Learning Theory.) The book contains revised versions of 45 papers on all current aspects of computational learning theory; in particular, algorithmic learning, machine learning, analogical inference, inductive logic, case-based reasoning, and formal language learning are addressed.


Abduction And Induction

Abduction and Induction PDF
Author: P.A. Flach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401706069
Size: 65.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 309
View: 6203

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Abduction And Induction

by P.A. Flach, Abduction And Induction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Abduction And Induction books, From the very beginning of their investigation of human reasoning, philosophers have identified two other forms of reasoning, besides deduction, which we now call abduction and induction. Deduction is now fairly well understood, but abduction and induction have eluded a similar level of understanding. The papers collected here address the relationship between abduction and induction and their possible integration. The approach is sometimes philosophical, sometimes that of pure logic, and some papers adopt the more task-oriented approach of AI. The book will command the attention of philosophers, logicians, AI researchers and computer scientists in general.


Nature S Principles

Nature s Principles PDF
Author: Jan Faye
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402032578
Size: 15.49 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 4087

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Nature S Principles

by Jan Faye, Nature S Principles Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Nature S Principles books, One of the most basic problems in the philosophy of science involves determining the extent to which nature is governed by laws. This volume presents a wide-ranging overview of the contemporary debate and includes some of its foremost participants. It begins with an extensive introduction describing the historical, logical and philosophical background of the problems dealt with in the essays. Among the topics treated in the essays is the relationship between laws of nature and causal laws as well as the role of ceteris paribus clauses in scientific explanations. Traditionally, the problem of the unity of science was intimately connected to the problem of understanding the unity of nature. This fourth volume of Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science tackles these problems as part of our consideration of the most fundamental aspects of scientific understanding.