Is Science Value Free

Is Science Value Free  PDF
Author: Hugh Lacey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113461974X
Size: 63.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 2351

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Is Science Value Free

by Hugh Lacey, Is Science Value Free Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Is Science Value Free books, Exploring the role of values in scientific inquiry, Hugh Lacey examines the nature and meaning of values, and looks at challenges to the view, posed by postmodernists, feminists, radical ecologists, Third-World advocates and religious fundamentalists, that science is value free. He also focuses on discussions of 'development', especially in Third World countries. This paperback edition includes a new preface.


Value Free Science

Value Free Science PDF
Author: Harold Kincaid
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195345582
Size: 51.88 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 6043

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Value Free Science

by Harold Kincaid, Value Free Science Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Value Free Science books, It has long been thought that science is our best hope for realizing objective knowledge, but that, to deliver on this promise, it must be value free. Things are not so simple, however, as recent work in science studies makes clear. The contributors to this volume investigate where and how values are involved in science, and examine the implications of this involvement for ideals of objectivity.


Science Policy And The Value Free Ideal

Science  Policy  and the Value Free Ideal PDF
Author: Heather Douglas
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 9780822973577
Size: 74.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 2130

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Science Policy And The Value Free Ideal

by Heather Douglas, Science Policy And The Value Free Ideal Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Science Policy And The Value Free Ideal books, The role of science in policymaking has gained unprecedented stature in the United States, raising questions about the place of science and scientific expertise in the democratic process. Some scientists have been given considerable epistemic authority in shaping policy on issues of great moral and cultural significance, and the politicizing of these issues has become highly contentious. Since World War II, most philosophers of science have purported the concept that science should be “value-free.” In Science, Policy and the Value-Free Ideal, Heather E. Douglas argues that such an ideal is neither adequate nor desirable for science. She contends that the moral responsibilities of scientists require the consideration of values even at the heart of science. She lobbies for a new ideal in which values serve an essential function throughout scientific inquiry, but where the role values play is constrained at key points, thus protecting the integrity and objectivity of science. In this vein, Douglas outlines a system for the application of values to guide scientists through points of uncertainty fraught with moral valence. Following a philosophical analysis of the historical background of science advising and the value-free ideal, Douglas defines how values should-and should not-function in science. She discusses the distinctive direct and indirect roles for values in reasoning, and outlines seven senses of objectivity, showing how each can be employed to determine the reliability of scientific claims. Douglas then uses these philosophical insights to clarify the distinction between junk science and sound science to be used in policymaking. In conclusion, she calls for greater openness on the values utilized in policymaking, and more public participation in the policymaking process, by suggesting various models for effective use of both the public and experts in key risk assessments.


Value Free Science

Value free Science  PDF
Author: Robert N. Proctor
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674931701
Size: 12.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 331
View: 2400

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Value Free Science

by Robert N. Proctor, Value Free Science Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Value Free Science books, Proctor lucidly demonstrates how value-neutrality is a reaction to larger political developments, including the use of science by government and industry, the specialization of professional disciplines, and the efforts to stifle intellectual freedoms or to politicize the world of the academy.


Science Values And Objectivity

Science  Values  and Objectivity PDF
Author: Peter K. Machamer
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780822942375
Size: 68.65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 317
View: 267

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Science Values And Objectivity

by Peter K. Machamer, Science Values And Objectivity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Science Values And Objectivity books, Few people would argue that science in all its aspects is a value-free endeavor. At the very least, values affect decisions about the choice of research problems to investigate and the uses to which the results of research are applied. This book reveals that the connections and interactions between values and science are quite complex.


Max Weber And The Problems Of Value Free Social Science

Max Weber and the Problems of Value free Social Science PDF
Author: Jay A. Ciaffa
Publisher: Bucknell University Press
ISBN: 9780838753958
Size: 42.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 190
View: 2156

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Max Weber And The Problems Of Value Free Social Science

by Jay A. Ciaffa, Max Weber And The Problems Of Value Free Social Science Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Max Weber And The Problems Of Value Free Social Science books, This book examines the Werturteilsstreit ("value-judgment dispute"), from its initial stages in the debates between the eminent German social historian Max Weber and his contemporaries, to more recent contributions from scholars such as Karl Popper, Talcott Parsons, and Jurgen Habermas.


Is Science Neurotic

Is Science Neurotic  PDF
Author: Nicholas Maxwell
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1860945007
Size: 36.28 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 7559

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Is Science Neurotic

by Nicholas Maxwell, Is Science Neurotic Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Is Science Neurotic books, - Has dramatic implications for social science and the humanities, for philosophy and for education - Written in an informal, accessible form (with the exception of the appendix, which is more technical)


Science Values And Objectivity

Science  Values  and Objectivity PDF
Author: Peter Machamer
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 0822970864
Size: 59.55 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 317
View: 3056

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Science Values And Objectivity

by Peter Machamer, Science Values And Objectivity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Science Values And Objectivity books, Collection of essays that identify the values crucial to science, distinguish some of the criteria that can be used for value identification, and elaborate the conditions for warranting certain values as necessary or central to scientific research.


Values And Objectivity In Science

Values and Objectivity in Science PDF
Author: Hugh Lacey
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739111413
Size: 26.38 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 289
View: 4369

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Values And Objectivity In Science

by Hugh Lacey, Values And Objectivity In Science Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Values And Objectivity In Science books, This book offers an account of how values play an important role within scientific practices, and how this account illuminates many ethical issues that arise concerning scientific practices and applications.


Is A Little Pollution Good For You

Is a Little Pollution Good for You  PDF
Author: Kevin C. Elliott
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199826551
Size: 45.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 1418

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Is A Little Pollution Good For You

by Kevin C. Elliott, Is A Little Pollution Good For You Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Is A Little Pollution Good For You books, Could low-level exposure to polluting chemicals be analogous to exercise -- a beneficial source of stress that strengthens the body? Some scientists studying the phenomenon of hormesis (beneficial or stimulatory effects caused by low-dose exposure to toxic substances) claim that that this may be the case. Is A Little Pollution Good For You? critically examines the current evidence for hormesis. In the process, it highlights the range of methodological and interpretive judgments involved in environmental research: choices about what questions to ask and how to study them, decisions about how to categorize and describe new information, judgments about how to interpret and evaluate ambiguous evidence, and questions about how to formulate public policy in response to debated scientific findings. The book also uncovers the ways that interest groups with deep pockets attempt to influence these scientific judgments for their benefit. Several chapters suggest ways to counter these influences and incorporate a broader array of societal values in environmental research: (1) moving beyond conflict-of-interest policies to develop new ways of safeguarding academic research from potential biases; (2) creating deliberative forums in which multiple stakeholders can discuss the judgments involved in policy-relevant research; and (3) developing ethical guidelines that can assist scientific experts in disseminating debated and controversial phenomena to the public. Kevin C. Elliott illustrates these strategies in the hormesis case, as well as in two additional case studies involving contemporary environmental research: endocrine disruption and multiple chemical sensitivity. This book should be of interest to a wide variety of readers, including scientists, philosophers, policy makers, environmental ethicists and activists, research ethicists, industry leaders, and concerned citizens.