Life Cycle Assessment

Life Cycle Assessment PDF
Author: Ralph E Horne
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
ISBN: 0643099204
Size: 49.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 6664

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Life Cycle Assessment

by Ralph E Horne, Life Cycle Assessment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Life Cycle Assessment books, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) has developed in Australia over the last 20 years into a technique for systematically identifying the resource flows and environmental impacts associated with the provision of products and services. Interest in LCA has accelerated alongside growing demand to assess and reduce greenhouse gas emissions across different manufacturing and service sectors. Life Cycle Assessment focuses on the reflective practice of LCA, and provides critical insight into the technique and how it can be used as a problem-solving tool. It describes the distinctive strengths and limitations of LCA, with an emphasis on practice in Australia, as well as the application of LCA in waste management, the built environment, water and agriculture. Supported by examples and case studies, each chapter investigates contemporary challenges for environmental assessment and performance improvement in these key sectors. LCA methodologies are compared to the emerging climate change mitigation policy and practice techniques, and the uptake of ‘quick’ LCA and management tools are considered in the light of current and changing environmental agendas. The authors also debate the future prospects for LCA technique and applications.


Life Cycle Assessment Lca

Life Cycle Assessment  LCA  PDF
Author: Walter Klöpffer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527655646
Size: 59.88 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 440
View: 230

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Life Cycle Assessment Lca

by Walter Klöpffer, Life Cycle Assessment Lca Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Life Cycle Assessment Lca books, This first hands-on guide to ISO-compliant Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) makes this powerful tool immediately accessible to both professionals and students. Following a general introduction on the philosophy and purpose of LCA, the reader is taken through all the stages of a complete LCA analysis, with each step exemplified by real-life data from a major LCA project on beverage packaging. Measures as carbon and water footprint, based on the most recent international standards and definitions, are addressed. Written by two pioneers of LCA, this practical volume is targeted at first-time LCA users but equally makes a much-valued reference for more experienced practitioners. From the content: * Goal and Scope Definition * Life Cycle Inventory Analysis * Life Cycle Impact Assessment * Interpretation, Reporting and Critical Review * From LCA to Sustainability Assessment and more.


Life Cycle Assessment Lca And Life Cycle Analysis In Tourism

Life Cycle Assessment  LCA  and Life Cycle Analysis in Tourism PDF
Author: Viachaslau Filimonau
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319262246
Size: 65.17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 136
View: 1820

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Life Cycle Assessment Lca And Life Cycle Analysis In Tourism

by Viachaslau Filimonau, Life Cycle Assessment Lca And Life Cycle Analysis In Tourism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Life Cycle Assessment Lca And Life Cycle Analysis In Tourism books, Tourism is an activity that anyone can take part in, regardless of their age, gender, nationality or level of income. This makes tourism one of the most rapidly developing industries in the world. Despite the number of benefits which tourism produces, it also has significant negative impacts on the environment. To minimise the scope of these negative impacts, joint efforts combining tourism and environmental management are called for. This book examines the application of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method and lifecycle thinking as a tool to generate more accurate and holistic appraisals of the environmental impacts of tourism. Looking at the issue of sustainability of tourism operations, the book evaluates how it can be improved. It highlights the potential of LCA to affect tourist behaviour and contribute to tourism policy-making and managerial practice. This book provides a valuable resource for undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers interested in sustainable tourism, sustainable development and environmental impact assessment.


Handbook On Life Cycle Assessment

Handbook on Life Cycle Assessment PDF
Author: Jeroen B. Guinée
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306480557
Size: 28.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 692
View: 7214

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Handbook On Life Cycle Assessment

by Jeroen B. Guinée, Handbook On Life Cycle Assessment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Handbook On Life Cycle Assessment books, Environmental policy aims at the transition to sustainable production and consumption. This is taking place in different ways and at different levels. In cases where businesses are continuously active to improve the environmental performance of their products and activities, the availability of knowledge on environmental impacts is indispensable. The integrated assessment of all environmental impacts from cradle to grave is the basis for many decisions relating to achieving improved products and services. The assessment tool most widely used for this is the environmental Life Cycle Assessment, or LCA. Before you is the new Handbook of LCA replacing the previous edition of 1992. New developments in LCA methodology from all over the world have been discussed and, where possible, included in this new Handbook. Integration of all developments into a new, consistent method has been the main aim for the new Handbook. The thinking on environment and sustainability is, however, quickly evolving so that it is already clear now that this new LCA Handbook does not embrace the very latest developments. Therefore, further revisions will have to take place in the future. A major advantage of this Handbook is that it now also advises which procedures should be followed to achieve adequate, relevant and accepted results. Furthermore, the distinction between detailed and simplified LCA makes this Handbook more broadly applicable, while guidance is provided as to which additional information can be relevant for specialised applications.


Life Cycle Assessment Of Energy And Environmental Impacts Of Led Lighting Products Part 2

Life Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products Part 2 PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 15.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Life Cycle Assessment Of Energy And Environmental Impacts Of Led Lighting Products Part 2

by , Life Cycle Assessment Of Energy And Environmental Impacts Of Led Lighting Products Part 2 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Life Cycle Assessment Of Energy And Environmental Impacts Of Led Lighting Products Part 2 books, Part 2 of the project (this report) uses the conclusions from Part 1 as a point of departure to focus on two objectives: producing a more detailed and conservative assessment of the manufacturing process and providing a comparative LCA with other lighting products based on the improved manufacturing analysis and taking into consideration a wider range of environmental impacts. In this study, we first analyzed the manufacturing process for a white-light LED (based on a sapphire-substrate, blue-light, gallium-nitride LED pumping a yellow phosphor), to understand the impacts of the manufacturing process. We then conducted a comparative LCA, looking at the impacts associated with the Philips Master LEDbulb and comparing those to a CFL and an incandescent lamp. The comparison took into account the Philips Master LEDbulb as it is now in 2012 and then projected forward what it might be in 2017, accounting for some of the anticipated improvements in LED manufacturing, performance and driver electronics.


Life Cycle Assessment

Life Cycle Assessment PDF
Author: Battelle Memorial Institute
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000158101
Size: 14.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 2973

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Life Cycle Assessment

by Battelle Memorial Institute, Life Cycle Assessment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Life Cycle Assessment books, Life-Cycle Assessment presents a brief overview of the development of the life-cycle assessment process and develops guidelines and principles for implementation of a product life-cycle inventory analysis. The book describes inventory analysis, impact analysis, and improvement analysis-the three components of a product life-cycle assessment. It discusses the major stages in a life cycle, including raw materials acquisition, materials manufacture, final product fabrication, filling/packaging/distribution, and consumer use and disposal.


The Computational Structure Of Life Cycle Assessment

The Computational Structure of Life Cycle Assessment PDF
Author: R. Heijungs
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401599009
Size: 51.88 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 243
View: 2762

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The Computational Structure Of Life Cycle Assessment

by R. Heijungs, The Computational Structure Of Life Cycle Assessment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Computational Structure Of Life Cycle Assessment books, Life Cycle assessment (LCA) is a tool for environmental decision-support in relation to products from the cradle to the grave. Until now, more emphasis has been put on the inclusion quantitative models and databases and on the design of guidebooks for applying LCA than on the integrative aspect of combining these models and data. This is a remarkable thing, since LCA in practice deals with thousands of quantitative data items that have to be combined in the correct manner. For this, one needs mathematical rules and algorithmic principles for carrying out an LCA. This book presents the first coherent treatment of the mathematical and algorithmic aspects of LCA. These computational aspects are presented in matrix form, so that a concise and elegant formulation is achieved. This form, moreover, provides a platform for further extension of analysis using perturbation theory, structural theory and economic input-output analysis.


Improvement Of The Life Cycle Assessment Methodology For Dwellings

Improvement of the Life Cycle Assessment Methodology for Dwellings PDF
Author: Arjen Meijer
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586036904
Size: 62.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 150
View: 1460

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Improvement Of The Life Cycle Assessment Methodology For Dwellings

by Arjen Meijer, Improvement Of The Life Cycle Assessment Methodology For Dwellings Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Improvement Of The Life Cycle Assessment Methodology For Dwellings books, " The aim of this thesis is to improve the environmental life cycle assessment methodology for buildings by incorporating damage to the health of occupants of emissions from building materials and local traffic. It also intends to determine the overall impact reduction by building environmentally improved dwellings. This reduction is referred to as the so-called factor X for dwellings. A methodology has been developed to calculate damages to human health caused by pollutants emitted from building materials or from the soil to the indoor environment. The dwelling used in the calculations is divided in three compartments: crawl space, first floor and second floor. Fate factors are modelled based on indoor and outdoor intake fractions or on dose conversion factors. Effect factors are calculated from unit risk factors. Damage factors are expressed in terms of disability adjusted life years (DALYs). Characterisation factors have been calculated for 36 organic compounds, radon and gamma radiation emitted by building materials applied in a Dutch reference dwelling. Health effects due to indoor exposure to pollutants emitted from building materials appeared to be dominant in the characterisation factors over outdoor exposure to such pollutants. The health effects of emissions of organic compounds into the crawl space are very small, compared to the health effects of emissions into the other compartments. "


Life Cycle Assessment

Life Cycle Assessment PDF
Author: Michael Z. Hauschild
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319564757
Size: 73.86 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 1216
View: 5093

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Life Cycle Assessment

by Michael Z. Hauschild, Life Cycle Assessment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Life Cycle Assessment books, This book is a uniquely pedagogical while still comprehensive state-of-the-art description of LCA-methodology and its broad range of applications. The five parts of the book conveniently provide: I) the history and context of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) with its central role as quantitative and scientifically-based tool supporting society’s transitioning towards a sustainable economy; II) all there is to know about LCA methodology illustrated by a red-thread example which evolves as the reader advances; III) a wealth of information on a broad range of LCA applications with dedicated chapters on policy development, prospective LCA, life cycle management, waste, energy, construction and building, nanotechnology, agrifood, transport, and LCA-related concepts such as footprinting, ecolabelling,design for environment, and cradle to cradle. IV) A cookbook giving the reader recipes for all the concrete actions needed to perform an LCA. V) An appendix with an LCA report template, a full example LCA report serving as inspiration for students who write their first LCA report, and a more detailed overview of existing LCIA methods and their similarities and differences.


Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Open Access

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment  Open Access  PDF
Author: Olivier Jolliet
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439887705
Size: 62.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 3540

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Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Open Access

by Olivier Jolliet, Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Open Access Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Open Access books, Environmental Life Cycle Assessment is a pivotal guide to identifying environmental problems and reducing related impacts for companies and organizations in need of life cycle assessment (LCA). LCA, a unique sustainability tool, provides a framework that addresses a growing demand for practical technological solutions. Detailing each phase of the LCA methodology, this textbook covers the historical development of LCA, presents the general principles and characteristics of LCA, and outlines the corresponding standards for good practice determined by the International Organization for Standardization. It also explains how to identify the critical aspects of an LCA, provides detailed examples of LCA analysis and applications, and includes illustrated problems and solutions with concrete examples from water management, electronics, packaging, automotive, and other industries. In addition, readers will learn how to: Use consistent criteria to realize and evaluate an LCA independently of individual interests Understand the LCA methodology and become familiar with existing databases and methods based on the latest results of international research Analyze and critique a completed LCA Apply LCA methodology to simple case studies Geared toward graduate and undergraduate students studying environmental science and industrial ecology, as well as practicing environmental engineers, and sustainability professionals who want to teach themselves LCA good practices, Environmental Life Cycle Assessment demonstrates how to conduct environmental assessments for products throughout their life cycles. It presents existing methods and recent developments in the growing field of LCA and systematically covers goal and system definition, life cycle inventory, life cycle impact assessment, and interpretation.