Psychological Issues In Eyewitness Identification

Psychological Issues in Eyewitness Identification PDF
Author: Siegfried L. Sporer
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317824636
Size: 33.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 3378

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Psychological Issues In Eyewitness Identification

by Siegfried L. Sporer, Psychological Issues In Eyewitness Identification Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Psychological Issues In Eyewitness Identification books, Why do police officers, investigators, prosecutors, judges, and others with an interest in eliciting accurate memory-based testimony need to inform themselves of the research literature in experimental psychology that addresses the question of witness memory? The answer is straightforward, from the perspective of a simple cost/benefit analysis. As with so many matters in the administration of public funds, effectiveness holds important rewards. Those who investigate crimes and decide which line of investigation to pursue and which line to postpone or set aside, necessarily make judgments about the likely guilt of suspects based on the information at hand. If they can make these judgments with a high degree of accuracy, everyone benefits. For many cases eyewitness identification is an important component of evidence, prosecution, and plea negotiation. If witness identification is correctly implemented, investigators and prosecutors can make their judgments effectively, and focus their resources more efficiently. A major component of effectiveness requires avoiding expending scarce resources on erroneous prosecutions. It is in everyone's interest to make the best use of the memory of witnesses: to preserve it without changing it; to render it maximally accessible; to provide an environment in which witnesses feel free to report their recollections; and to accurately assess the probable validity of the witness's report, regardless of the witness's certainty or doubts about its accuracy. This volume gathers evidence from various research domains on eyewitness testimony. Although many of the studies discussed deal with eyewitness identification, it is noteworthy that many of them also touch upon other areas of concern to eyewitness researchers, including chapters on: *voice recognition by humans and computers, with particularly detailed instructions on conducting voice "lineup," *differential aspects of recognition memory in children, *elderly eyewitness' memory, *problems of cross-racial identification, *psychological aspects of facial image reconstruction techniques, *person descriptions, *particular benefits of reinstating context as a means to improve eyewitness memory, *problems associated with various research paradigms in the eyewitness arena, and *recommendations on how to conduct lineups and photospreads and their proper evaluation. Differentiated from other literature on this topic by its non-technical language and accessibility to non-professionals, this volume covers a great deal of ground, raises a host of questions, settles some others, and points the way to more effective use and evaluation of what eyewitnesses have to say.


Handbook Of Eyewitness Psychology

Handbook of Eyewitness Psychology PDF
Author: Michael P. Toglia
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780805851526
Size: 20.49 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 601
View: 2376

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Handbook Of Eyewitness Psychology

by Michael P. Toglia, Handbook Of Eyewitness Psychology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Handbook Of Eyewitness Psychology books, The Handbook of Eyewitness Psychology presents a survey of research and legal opinions from international experts on the rapidly expanding scientific literature addressing the accuracy and limitations of eyewitnesses as a source of evidence for the courts. For the first time, extensive reviews of factors influencing witnesses of all ages—children, adults, and the elderly—are compiled in a single pair of volumes. The disparate research currently being conducted in eyewitness memory in psychology, criminal justice, and legal studies is coherently presented in this work. Controversial topics such as the use of hypnosis, false and recovered memories, the impact of stress, and the accuracy of psychologically impaired witnesses are expertly examined. Leading eyewitness researchers also discuss the subjects of conversational memory, alibi evidence, witness credibility, facial memory, earwitness testimony, lineup theory, and expert testimony. The impact of witness testimony in court is considered, and each volume concludes with a legal commentary chapter. The Handbook of Eyewitness Psychology is an invaluable aid to researchers, legal scholars, and practicing lawyers who need access to the most recent research in the field, accompanied by the interpretations and commentary of many of the world's leading authorities on these topics.


Social Science In Law

Social Science in Law PDF
Author: John Monahan
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 10.21 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 662
View: 1808

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Social Science In Law

by John Monahan, Social Science In Law Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Social Science In Law books, The publication incorporates Dauber v. Merrill Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., the United States Supreme Court's landmark decision on scientific evidence in addition to new Daubert-based cases cited throughout the book. The book offers an in-depth discussion of the growing use of survey methods to establish damages in mass tort cases. The authors have integrated the latest Web site addresses to aid in further social science and legal research. It includes selections from two handbooks: the Federal Judicial Center Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence and West's? Modern Scientific Evidence.


The Role Of Visual And Auditory Information In Eyewitness Recognition

The Role of Visual and Auditory Information in Eyewitness Recognition PDF
Author: Cynthia Burke Rienick
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 67.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Auditory perception
Languages : en
Pages : 222
View: 6611

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The Role Of Visual And Auditory Information In Eyewitness Recognition

by Cynthia Burke Rienick, The Role Of Visual And Auditory Information In Eyewitness Recognition Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Role Of Visual And Auditory Information In Eyewitness Recognition books,


Psychology

Psychology PDF
Author: Addison-Wesley Longman, Incorporated
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780673998965
Size: 59.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Psychology

by Addison-Wesley Longman, Incorporated, Psychology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Psychology books,


Criminal Investigation

Criminal Investigation PDF
Author: Charles R. Swanson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780072485929
Size: 19.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Criminal investigation
Languages : en
Pages : 786
View: 797

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Criminal Investigation

by Charles R. Swanson, Criminal Investigation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Criminal Investigation books, An important contribution to the law enforcement field at every level "Criminal Investigation" is recognized as the most accurate, comprehensive, and practical book in its field. This updated edition examines the latest investigative methods and technologies with new information on white-collar crime, drugs, terrorism, and homeland security.The simulation CD contains interactive modules covering the investigative process.