Redesigning The Global Seed Commons

Redesigning the Global Seed Commons PDF
Author: Christine Frison
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351403214
Size: 14.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 2584

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Redesigning The Global Seed Commons

by Christine Frison, Redesigning The Global Seed Commons Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Redesigning The Global Seed Commons books, There is much current controversy over whether the rights to seeds or plant genetic resources should be owned by the private sector or be common property. This book addresses the legal and policy aspects of the multilateral seed management regime. First, it studies in detail the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (the Treaty) in order to understand and identify its dysfunctions. Second, it proposes solutions - using recent developments of the "theory of the commons" - to improve the collective seed management system of the Treaty, a necessary condition for its member states to reach the overall food security and sustainable agriculture goals. Redesigning the Global Seed Commons provides a significant contribution to the current political and academic debates on agrobiodiversity law and governance, and on food security and food sovereignty, by analyzing key issues under the Treaty that affect the design and implementation of regulatory instruments managing seeds as a commons. It also examines the practical, legal, political and economic problems encountered in the attempt to implement these obligations in contemporary settings. In particular, it considers how to improve the Treaty implementation by proposing ways for Contracting Parties to better reach the Treaty’s objectives taking a holistic view of the human-seed ecosystem. Following the tenth anniversary of the functioning the Treaty’s multilateral system of access and benefit-sharing, which is currently under review by its Contracting Parties, this book is well-timed to examine recent developments in the field and guide the current review process to design a truly Global Seed Commons.


The Commons Plant Breeding And Agricultural Research

The Commons  Plant Breeding and Agricultural Research PDF
Author: Fabien Girard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351615890
Size: 58.86 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 2301

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The Commons Plant Breeding And Agricultural Research

by Fabien Girard, The Commons Plant Breeding And Agricultural Research Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Commons Plant Breeding And Agricultural Research books, The joint challenges of population increase, food security and conservation of agrobiodiversity demand a rethink of plant breeding and agricultural research from a different perspective. While more food is undeniably needed, the key question is rather about how to produce it in a way that sustains biological diversity and mitigates climate change. This book shows how social sciences, and more especially law, can contribute towards reconfiguring current legal frameworks in order to achieving a better balance between the necessary requirements of agricultural innovation and the need for protection of agrobiodiversity. On the assumption that the concept of property can be rethought against the background of the 'right to include', so as to endow others with a common 'right to access' genetic resources, several international instruments and contractual arrangements drawn from the plant-breeding field (including the Convention on Biological Diversity, technology exchange clearing houses and open sources licenses) receive special consideration. In addition, the authors explore the tension between ownership and the free circulation and exchange of germplasm and issues such as genetic resources managed by local and indigenous communities, the ITPGRFA and participatory plant-breeding programmes. As a whole, the book demonstrates the relevance of the 'Commons' for plant breeding and agricultural innovation.


Fair And Equitable Benefit Sharing In Agriculture Open Access

Fair and Equitable Benefit Sharing in Agriculture  Open Access  PDF
Author: Elsa Tsioumani
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429582285
Size: 44.70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 186
View: 7763

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Fair And Equitable Benefit Sharing In Agriculture Open Access

by Elsa Tsioumani, Fair And Equitable Benefit Sharing In Agriculture Open Access Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Fair And Equitable Benefit Sharing In Agriculture Open Access books, This book explores the emergence and development of the legal concept of fair and equitable benefit-sharing, and its application in agriculture. Developed in the 1990s, the concept of fair and equitable benefit-sharing has been deployed in an ever-wider variety of international instruments, including those on biodiversity, climate change, and human rights. A lack of clarity persists however on what fair and equitable benefit-sharing requires and entails, and whether its implementation supports or eventually undermines equity and justice. This book examines these questions in the area of land, food and agriculture, addressing, for the first time, several instances of the agricultural production chain, including research and development, land governance and land use, and access to markets. It identifies challenges regarding implementation of the concept as enshrined in environmental treaties and soft-law instruments, with a focus on the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, the Voluntary Guidelines on Tenure and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants. It investigates its role, enabling conditions and limitations, in a contradictory policy context involving environmental, food security and human rights objectives but also a growing web of multilateral and bilateral trade and investment agreements. Linking international law research with a socio-legal analysis, the book addresses four grassroots examples, which offer ideas for institutional and legal innovation from the local to the global level. This interdisciplinary title will be of great interest to students and scholars of international environmental law, agriculture, land law, development studies and international governance, as well as policymakers and practitioners working in these fields.


Encyclopedia Of Law And Development

Encyclopedia of Law and Development PDF
Author: Koen De Feyter
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1788117972
Size: 35.52 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 6262

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Encyclopedia Of Law And Development

by Koen De Feyter, Encyclopedia Of Law And Development Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Law And Development books, This comprehensive Encyclopedia is an indispensable resource in the area of law and development. Bringing together more than 80 entries, the Encyclopedia spans a variety of approaches, contextualised histories, recent developments and forward-looking insights into the role of law in development. It is an invaluable reference point for scholars seeking to engage with issues at the intersection of law and development from both within and outside of the legal field, as well as a thorough but succinct overview for post-graduate students.


A Global Corporate Trust For Agroecological Integrity

A Global Corporate Trust for Agroecological Integrity PDF
Author: John W. Head
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000020746
Size: 33.28 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 3992

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A Global Corporate Trust For Agroecological Integrity

by John W. Head, A Global Corporate Trust For Agroecological Integrity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Global Corporate Trust For Agroecological Integrity books, This book examines global environmental governance and how legal, institutional, and conceptual reform can facilitate a transformation to a new ‘natural-systems’ form of agriculture. Profound global climate disruption makes it essential that we replace our current agricultural system – described in this book as a fossil-carbon-dependent ‘modern extractive agriculture’ – with a natural-systems agriculture featuring perennial grains growing in polycultures, thereby mimicking the natural grassland and forest ecosystems that modern extractive agriculture has largely destroyed. After examining relevant international legal and conceptual foundations (sovereignty, federalism, global governance) and existing international organizations focusing on agriculture, the book explores legal and institutional opportunities to facilitate dramatic agricultural reform and ecological restoration. Among other things, it explains how innovative federalism structures around the world provide patterns for reorienting global environmental governance, including what the book calls eco-states that would, through exercise of pluralistic sovereignty, be responsible for agroecological management. Drawing from his experience working in international institutions, the author provides detailed global-governance proposals for facilitating the type of agricultural reform that can help avoid ecological collapse, especially through soil degradation and climate change. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international law, agroecology, climate change, ecological restoration, sustainable development, and global governance, as well as policy-makers and practitioners working in these fields.


Common Globe Or Global Commons

Common Globe Or Global Commons PDF
Author: John C. G. Boot
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 32.37 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Population
Languages : en
Pages : 139
View: 5653

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Common Globe Or Global Commons

by John C. G. Boot, Common Globe Or Global Commons Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Common Globe Or Global Commons books,


The Garden

The Garden PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 75.35 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Botany
Languages : en
Pages :
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The Garden

by , The Garden Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Garden books,


Abstracts Of The Annual Meeting

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting PDF
Author: American Anthropological Association
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 31.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Anthropology
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5927

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Abstracts Of The Annual Meeting

by American Anthropological Association, Abstracts Of The Annual Meeting Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Abstracts Of The Annual Meeting books,