Scepticism Ant The Foundation Of Epistemology

Scepticism Ant the Foundation of Epistemology PDF
Author: Luciano Floridi
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004105331
Size: 24.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 2961

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Scepticism Ant The Foundation Of Epistemology

by Luciano Floridi, Scepticism Ant The Foundation Of Epistemology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Scepticism Ant The Foundation Of Epistemology books, The sceptical challenge known as the "problem of the criterion" is one of the major issues in the history of epistemology. This volume provides its first comprehensive study, in a span of time that goes from Sextus Empiricus to Quine.


Mathematics Science And Epistemology Volume 2 Philosophical Papers

Mathematics  Science and Epistemology  Volume 2  Philosophical Papers PDF
Author: Imre Lakatos
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521280303
Size: 54.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 296
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Mathematics Science And Epistemology Volume 2 Philosophical Papers

by Imre Lakatos, Mathematics Science And Epistemology Volume 2 Philosophical Papers Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mathematics Science And Epistemology Volume 2 Philosophical Papers books, Volume I brings together his very influential but scattered papers on the philosophy of the physical sciences, and includes one important unpublished essay on the effect of Newton's scientific achievement. Volume 2 presents his work on the philosophy of mathematics together with some critical essays on contemporary philosophers of science.


Philosophy And Computing

Philosophy and Computing PDF
Author: Luciano Floridi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134679599
Size: 42.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
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Philosophy And Computing

by Luciano Floridi, Philosophy And Computing Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Philosophy And Computing books, Philosophy and Computing explores each of the following areas of technology: the digital revolution; the computer; the Internet and the Web; CD-ROMs and Mulitmedia; databases, textbases, and hypertexts; Artificial Intelligence; the future of computing. Luciano Floridi shows us how the relationship between philosophy and computing provokes a wide range of philosophical questions: is there a philosophy of information? What can be achieved by a classic computer? How can we define complexity? What are the limits of quantam computers? Is the Internet an intellectual space or a polluted environment? What is the paradox in the Strong Artificial Intlligence program? Philosophy and Computing is essential reading for anyone wishing to fully understand both the development and history of information and communication technology as well as the philosophical issues it ultimately raises.


The Fundamental Wisdom Of The Middle Way

The Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way PDF
Author: Nagarjuna
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199766321
Size: 38.80 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 400
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The Fundamental Wisdom Of The Middle Way

by Nagarjuna, The Fundamental Wisdom Of The Middle Way Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Fundamental Wisdom Of The Middle Way books, The Buddhist saint N=ag=arjuna, who lived in South India in approximately the second century CE, is undoubtedly the most important, influential, and widely studied Mah=ay=ana Buddhist philosopher. His many works include texts addressed to lay audiences, letters of advice to kings, and a set of penetrating metaphysical and epistemological treatises. His greatest philosophical work, the M?lamadhyamikak=arik=a--read and studied by philosophers in all major Buddhist schools of Tibet, China, Japan, and Korea--is one of the most influential works in the history of Indian philosophy. Now, in The Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way, Jay L. Garfield provides a clear and eminently readable translation of N=ag=arjuna's seminal work, offering those with little or no prior knowledge of Buddhist philosophy a view into the profound logic of the M?lamadhyamikak=arik=a. Garfield presents a superb translation of the Tibetan text of M?lamadhyamikak=arik=a in its entirety, and a commentary reflecting the Tibetan tradition through which N=ag=arjuna's philosophical influence has largely been transmitted. Illuminating the systematic character of N=ag=arjuna's reasoning, Garfield shows how N=ag=arjuna develops his doctrine that all phenomena are empty of inherent existence, that is, than nothing exists substantially or independently. Despite lacking any essence, he argues, phenomena nonetheless exist conventionally, and that indeed conventional existence and ultimate emptiness are in fact the same thing. This represents the radical understanding of the Buddhist doctrine of the two truths, or two levels of reality. He offers a verse-by-verse commentary that explains N=ag=arjuna's positions and arguments in the language of Western metaphysics and epistemology, and connects N=ag=arjuna's concerns to those of Western philosophers such as Sextus, Hume, and Wittgenstein. An accessible translation of the foundational text for all Mah=ay=ana Buddhism, The Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way offers insight to all those interested in the nature of reality.


Scepticism Freedom And Autonomy

Scepticism  Freedom and Autonomy PDF
Author: Marcelo de Araujo
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110910950
Size: 50.38 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 237
View: 5785

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Scepticism Freedom And Autonomy

by Marcelo de Araujo, Scepticism Freedom And Autonomy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Scepticism Freedom And Autonomy books, How much does what we think depend on what we want? Descartes' much-discussed position has often been interpreted to mean that we hold an opinion as the result of a decision. In Scepticism, Freedom and Autonomy, Araujo argues against this interpretation, asserting that we retain control over our opinions only through selective attention. Even for this limited control, however, Cartesian Scepticism implies the possibility of self-delusion, symbolized in the writings of Descartes by the figure of the evil god. Hence, the existence of an evil god would not only cast doubt on our claims to knowledge but also jeopardize our freedom. In this new interpretation, the Cartesian Scepticism, which is usually ascribed only epistemic significance, proves relevant for a fundamental moral question, that of human autonomy in general.


Scepticism And Perceptual Justification

Scepticism and Perceptual Justification PDF
Author: Dylan Dodd
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191502499
Size: 65.12 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 6640

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Scepticism And Perceptual Justification

by Dylan Dodd, Scepticism And Perceptual Justification Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Scepticism And Perceptual Justification books, One of the hardest problems in the history of Western philosophy has been to explain whether and how experience can provide knowledge (or even justification for belief) about the objective world outside the experiencer's mind. A prominent brand of scepticism has precisely denied that experience can provide such knowledge. How, for instance (these sceptics ask) can I know that my experiences are not produced in me by a powerful demon (or, in a modern twist on that traditional Cartesian scenario, by a supercomputer)? This volume, originating from the research project on Basic Knowledge recently concluded at the Northern Institute of Philosophy, presents new essays on scepticism about the senses written by some of the most prominent contemporary epistemologists. They approach the sceptical challenge by discussing such topics as the conditions for perceptual justification, the existence of a non-evidential kind of warrant and the extent of one's evidence, the epistemology of inference, the relations between justification, probability and certainty, the relevance of subjective appearances to the epistemology of perception, the role that broadly pragmatic considerations play in epistemic justification, the contents of perception, and the function of attention. In all these cases, the papers show how philosophical progress on foundational issues can improve our understanding of and possibly afford a solution to a historically prominent problem like scepticism.


The Structure And Growth Of Scientific Knowledge

The Structure and Growth of Scientific Knowledge PDF
Author: G.L. Pandit
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401576807
Size: 60.17 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 231
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The Structure And Growth Of Scientific Knowledge

by G.L. Pandit, The Structure And Growth Of Scientific Knowledge Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Structure And Growth Of Scientific Knowledge books, Professor Pandit, working among the admirable group of philosophers at the University of Delhi, has written a fundamental criticism and a constructive re-interpretation of all that has been preserved as serious epistemological and methodological reflections on the sciences in modern Western philosoph- from the times of Galileo, Newton, Descartes and Leibniz to those of Russell and Wittgenstein, Carnap and Popper, and, we need hardly add, onward to the troubling relativisms and reconstructions of historical epistemologies in the works of Hanson, Kuhn, Lakatos and Feyerabend. His themes are intrigu ing, set forth as they are with masterly case studies of physics and the life sciences, and within an original conceptual framework for philosophical analysis of the processes, functions, and structures of scientific knowing. Pandit's contributions deserve thoughtful examination. For our part, we wish to point to some among them: (1) an interactive articulation of subjective and objective factors of both problems and theories in the course of scientific development; (2) a striking contrast between the explanatory power of a scientific theory and its 'resolving power', i. e.


Essays In Memory Of Imre Lakatos

Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos PDF
Author: Robert S. Cohen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401014515
Size: 27.26 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 768
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Essays In Memory Of Imre Lakatos

by Robert S. Cohen, Essays In Memory Of Imre Lakatos Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Essays In Memory Of Imre Lakatos books, The death of Imre Lakatos on February 2, 1974 was a personal and philosophical loss to the worldwide circle of his friends, colleagues and students. This volume reflects the range of his interests in mathematics, logic, politics and especially in the history and methodology of the sciences. Indeed, Lakatos was a man in search of rationality in all of its forms. He thought he had found it in the historical development of scientific knowledge, yet he also saw rationality endangered everywhere. To honor Lakatos is to honor his sharp and aggressive criticism as well as his humane warmth and his quick wit. He was a person to love and to struggle with. PAUL K. FEYERABEND ROBERT S. COHEN MARX W. WARTOFSKY TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface VII JOHN WORRALL / Imre Lakatos (1922-1974): Philosopher of Mathematics and Philosopher of Science JOSEPH AGASSI / The Lakatosian Revolution 9 23 D. M. ARMSTRONG / Immediate Perception w. W. BAR TLEY, III/On Imre Lakatos 37 WILLIAM BERKSON / Lakatos One and Lakatos Two: An Appreciation 39 I. B. COHEN / William Whewell and the Concept of Scientific Revolution 55 L. JONATHAN COHEN / How Can One Testimony Corroborate Another? 65 R. S. COHEN / Constraints on Science 79 GENE D'AMOUR/ Research Programs, Rationality, and Ethics 87 YEHUDA ELKANA / Introduction: Culture, Cultural System and Science 99 PA UL K.


Collected Papers On Epistemology Philosophy Of Science And History Of Philosophy

Collected Papers on Epistemology  Philosophy of Science and History of Philosophy PDF
Author: W. Stegmüller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940101132X
Size: 34.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 294
View: 5592

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Collected Papers On Epistemology Philosophy Of Science And History Of Philosophy

by W. Stegmüller, Collected Papers On Epistemology Philosophy Of Science And History Of Philosophy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Collected Papers On Epistemology Philosophy Of Science And History Of Philosophy books, These two volumes contain all of my articles published between 1956 and 1975 which might be of interest to readers in the English-speaking world. The first three essays in Vol. 1 deal with historical themes. In each case I have attempted a rational reconstruction which, as far as possible, meets con temporary standards of exactness. In The Problem of Universals Then and Now some ideas of W.V. Quine and N. Goodman are used to create a modem sketch of the history of the debate on universals beginning with Plato and ending with Hao Wang's System :E. The second article concerns Kant's Philosophy of Science. By analyzing his position vis-a-vis I. Newton, Christian Wolff, and D. Hume, it is shown that for Kant the very notion of empirical knowledge was beset with a funda mental logical difficulty. In his metaphysics of experience Kant offered a solution differing from all prior as well as subsequent attempts aimed at the problem of establishing a scientific theory. The last of the three historical papers utilizes some concepts of modem logic to give a precise account of Wittgenstein's so-called Picture Theory of Meaning. E. Stenius' interpretation of this theory is taken as an intuitive starting point while an intensional variant of Tarski's concept of a relational system furnishes a technical instrument. The concepts of model world and of logical space, together with those of homomorphism and isomorphism be tween model worlds and between logical spaces, form the conceptual basis of the reconstruction.


Wittgenstein And The Turning Point In The Philosophy Of Mathematics

Wittgenstein and the Turning Point in the Philosophy of Mathematics PDF
Author: Stuart Shanker
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780887064821
Size: 50.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 358
View: 3705

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Wittgenstein And The Turning Point In The Philosophy Of Mathematics

by Stuart Shanker, Wittgenstein And The Turning Point In The Philosophy Of Mathematics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Wittgenstein And The Turning Point In The Philosophy Of Mathematics books, Shanker exposes the confusions underlying the currently prevailing interpretations of Wittgenstein. He shows how such approaches and their underlying critical frameworks are incapable of coming to terms with Wittgenstein's arguments in the philosophy of mathematics. This book explains not only Wittgenstein's approach, which was justly heralded as causing a turning point in the philosophy of mathematics, but also the philosophy of mathematics in general.