Switzerland And South Africa 1948 1994

Switzerland and South Africa 1948 1994 PDF
Author: Georg Kreis
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039114986
Size: 48.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 558
View: 3729

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Switzerland And South Africa 1948 1994

by Georg Kreis, Switzerland And South Africa 1948 1994 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Switzerland And South Africa 1948 1994 books, While other states imposed economic sanctions on the apartheid regime of South Africa, Swiss authorities long adhered to the position that South Africa is a state like any other. Swiss big business corporations saw an attractive trade partner in South Africa; in part, they also profited from the boycotts of others. Additionally, some political forces sympathised openly with the regime in Pretoria. Encouraged by the debate concerning Swiss policy and activity during the Second World War, in 1997 the order was given to initiate a historical study of Swiss behaviour towards the apartheid regime. Thus this report, commissioned by the Swiss parliament and the Federal Council, and passed over to the Swiss National Science Foundation for execution, came into being. It unites the results of ten different research projects. The report identifies the most important players involved in fashioning relations with South Africa, it explains the legal situation in which these persons acted, and it describes the thought processes that led to the actions. The longest chapter deals with the attitudes and the areas of activity in the economic sector. Here the trade with loans, gold, diamonds and war materials is paramount. Other chapters are concerned with questions that are not primarily economic in nature, such as political declarations, the illusion of being in the role of a mediator, contacts in sports and culture, and, after 1986, the beginning of support for the black majority.


Apartheid Guns And Money

Apartheid Guns and Money PDF
Author: Hennie van Vuuren
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1787382478
Size: 59.67 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
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Apartheid Guns And Money

by Hennie van Vuuren, Apartheid Guns And Money Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Apartheid Guns And Money books, In its last decades, the apartheid regime was confronted with an existential threat. While internal resistance to the last whites-only government grew, mandatory international sanctions prohibited sales of strategic goods and arms to South Africa. To counter this, a global covert network of nearly fifty countries was built. In complete secrecy, allies in corporations, banks, governments and intelligence agencies across the world helped illegally supply guns and move cash in one of history's biggest money laundering schemes. Whistleblowers were assassinated and ordinary people suffered. Weaving together archival material, interviews and newly declassified documents, Apartheid Guns and Money exposes some of the darkest secrets of apartheid's economic crimes, their murderous consequences, and those who profited: heads of state, arms dealers, aristocrats, bankers, spies, journalists and secret lobbyists. These revelations, and the difficult questions they pose, will both allow and force the new South Africa to confront its past.


Embroiled

Embroiled PDF
Author: Caroline Jeannerat
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3825897966
Size: 47.65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 373
View: 839

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Embroiled

by Caroline Jeannerat, Embroiled Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Embroiled books, Apartheid posed profound challenges to the conceptions of humanity and development that dominated the world stage after World War II. Embroiled analyzes the manner in which international religious organizations dealt with the formulation and implementation of apartheid. It studies this question through an examination of the Swiss Mission in South Africa (SMSA), an institution that acted in South Africa, Switzerland, and the international ecumenical community.


The Road To Democracy In South Africa

The Road to Democracy in South Africa PDF
Author: South African Democracy Education Trust
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781868885022
Size: 59.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Anti-apartheid movements
Languages : en
Pages : 744
View: 231

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The Road To Democracy In South Africa

by South African Democracy Education Trust, The Road To Democracy In South Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Road To Democracy In South Africa books, v. 3: The third volume in the series examines the role of anti-apartheid movements around the world. The global anti-apartheid movement was very successful in creating awareness of the liberation struggle in South Africa, and in contributing to the downfall of the apartheid government. This volume, in 2 parts, brings together analyses which in the main are written by activist scholars with deep roots in the movements and organizations they are writing about.


Profit Principle And Apartheid 1948 1994

Profit  Principle and Apartheid  1948 1994 PDF
Author: Benjamin Kline
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780773486065
Size: 13.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 213
View: 5301

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Profit Principle And Apartheid 1948 1994

by Benjamin Kline, Profit Principle And Apartheid 1948 1994 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Profit Principle And Apartheid 1948 1994 books, This study is a chronological history of the moral and economic factors which have influenced United States-South African relations since 1948, accessible to students, academics and the general readers.


The United Nations And Apartheid 1948 1994

The United Nations and Apartheid  1948 1994 PDF
Author: Organizacja Narodów Zjednoczonych
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN:
Size: 27.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 565
View: 6552

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The United Nations And Apartheid 1948 1994

by Organizacja Narodów Zjednoczonych, The United Nations And Apartheid 1948 1994 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The United Nations And Apartheid 1948 1994 books, This landmark publication chronicles the central role played by the United Nations in supporting the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. In an extensive introduction by then, United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali provides an overview of the Organization's contribution to South Africa's historic transformation. In addition, the publication includes the text of more than 200 key documents. These are supported by indexes, a detailed chronology & a bibliography of United Nations documentation, making this an essential reference work for anyone interested in the long fight against apartheid or in the work of the United Nations in helping to resolve one of the major issues of the century.


South Africa 1948 94

South Africa 1948 94 PDF
Author: Martin Roberts
Publisher: LONGMAN HISTORY PROJECT
ISBN:
Size: 73.94 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Apartheid
Languages : en
Pages : 138
View: 5661

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South Africa 1948 94

by Martin Roberts, South Africa 1948 94 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download South Africa 1948 94 books, An invaluable resource for all GCSE Specifications - whatever your students' ability.


The Invention Of Race

The Invention of Race PDF
Author: Nicolas Bancel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317801172
Size: 61.27 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 308
View: 2630

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The Invention Of Race

by Nicolas Bancel, The Invention Of Race Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Invention Of Race books, This edited collection explores the genesis of scientific conceptions of race and their accompanying impact on the taxonomy of human collections internationally as evidenced in ethnographic museums, world fairs, zoological gardens, international colonial exhibitions and ethnic shows. A deep epistemological change took place in Europe in this domain toward the end of the eighteenth century, producing new scientific representations of race and thereby triggering a radical transformation in the visual economy relating to race and racial representation and its inscription in the body. These practices would play defining roles in shaping public consciousness and the representation of “otherness” in modern societies. The Invention of Race provides contextualization that is often lacking in contemporary discussions on diversity, multiculturalism and race.


People To People Celebrating Ten Years Of Democracy In South Africa Switzerland 2004

People to People   Celebrating Ten Years of Democracy in South Africa  Switzerland 2004 PDF
Author: Roshila Nair
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 16.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Democracy
Languages : en
Pages : 158
View: 6773

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People To People Celebrating Ten Years Of Democracy In South Africa Switzerland 2004

by Roshila Nair, People To People Celebrating Ten Years Of Democracy In South Africa Switzerland 2004 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download People To People Celebrating Ten Years Of Democracy In South Africa Switzerland 2004 books,