Patent Rights In Pharmaceuticals In Developing Countries

Patent Rights in Pharmaceuticals in Developing Countries PDF
Author: Jakkrit Kuanpoth
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1849808953
Size: 66.83 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 816

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Patent Rights In Pharmaceuticals In Developing Countries

by Jakkrit Kuanpoth, Patent Rights In Pharmaceuticals In Developing Countries Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Patent Rights In Pharmaceuticals In Developing Countries books, The book engages with a broad range of new case studies, providing a detailed examination of options for the resolution of access-to-medicine issues at global, national and local levels. In addition, the book reflects the significant progress in international and national patent law and in international policy-making in this area.


Double Standards In Medical Research In Developing Countries

Double Standards in Medical Research in Developing Countries PDF
Author: Ruth Macklin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521541701
Size: 36.40 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 6320

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Double Standards In Medical Research In Developing Countries

by Ruth Macklin, Double Standards In Medical Research In Developing Countries Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Double Standards In Medical Research In Developing Countries books, Recent international developments show that essential medications can be made affordable and accessible to developing countries, and that double standards need not prevail. This is the first book to examine these issues, drawing the bold conclusion that double standards in medical research are ethically unacceptable."--BOOK JACKET.


The Development Of Modern Medicine In Non Western Countries

The Development of Modern Medicine in Non Western Countries PDF
Author: Hormoz Ebrahimnejad
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134062486
Size: 18.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 3737

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The Development Of Modern Medicine In Non Western Countries

by Hormoz Ebrahimnejad, The Development Of Modern Medicine In Non Western Countries Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Development Of Modern Medicine In Non Western Countries books, The history of medicine in non-European countries has often been characterized by the study of their native "traditional" medicine, such as (Galenico-)Islamic medicine, and Ayurvedic or Chinese medicine. Modern medicine in these countries, on the other hand, has usually been viewed as a Western corpus of knowledge and institution, juxtaposing or replacing the native medicine but without any organic relation with the local context. By discarding categories like Islamic, Indian, or Chinese medicine as the myths invented by modern (Western) historiography in the aftermath of the colonial and post colonial periods, the book proposes to bridge the gap between Western and 'non-Western' medicines, opening a new perspective in medical historiography in which 'modern medicine' becomes an integral part of the history of medicine in non-European countries. Through essays and case studies of medical modernization, this volume particularly calls into question the categorization of ‘Western’ and ‘non-Western’ medicine and challenges the idea that modern medicine could only be developed in its Western birthplace and then imported to and practised as such to the rest of the world. Against the concept of a ‘project’ of modernization at the heart of the history of modern medicine in non-Western countries, the chapters of this book describe ‘processes’ of medical development by highlighting the active involvement of local elements. The book’s emphasis is thus on the ‘modernization’ or ‘construction’ of modern medicine rather that on the diffusion of ‘modern medicine’ as an ontological entity beyond the West.


Law And Development

Law and Development PDF
Author: John Hatchard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135335451
Size: 36.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 6915

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Law And Development

by John Hatchard, Law And Development Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Law And Development books, This new book is an edited collection of papers arising from a conference on Law and Development in the twenty-first century held in 2001. It is in honour of the work of Dr Peter Slinn.


Pharmaceutical Practice International Edition E Book

Pharmaceutical Practice  International Edition E Book PDF
Author: Arthur J. Winfield
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702041874
Size: 25.76 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 644
View: 3631

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Pharmaceutical Practice International Edition E Book

by Arthur J. Winfield, Pharmaceutical Practice International Edition E Book Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Pharmaceutical Practice International Edition E Book books, This comprehensive book covers a wide range of subjects relevant to pharmacy practice, including communication skills, managing a business, quality assurance, dispensing, calculations, packaging, storage and labeling of medicines, sterilization, prescriptions, hospital-based services, techniques and treatments, adverse drug reactions, pharmacoeconomics, and medicines management. Features useful appendices on medical abbreviations, pharmaceutical Latin terms, weights and measures, and presentation skills. This is a core text for pharmacy practice and dispensing modules of the pharmacy curriculum Covers key exam material for essential review and test preparation Features a user-friendly design with clear headings, chapter summaries, helpful boxes, and key points Text restructured with 14 new or radically revised chapters. All text revised in light of current pharmaceutical practice. New design using two colours.


Global Health

Global Health PDF
Author: Michael H. Merson
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449659098
Size: 42.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 940
View: 1378

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Global Health

by Michael H. Merson, Global Health Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Global Health books, The Third Edition (formerly titled International Public Health) brings together contributions from the world's leading authorities into a single comprehensive text. It thoroughly examines the wide range of global health challenges facing low and middle income countries today and the various approaches nations adopt to deal with them. These challenges include measurement of health status, infectious and chronic diseases, injuries, nutrition, reproductive health, global environmental health and complex emergencies. This thorough revision also explores emerging health systems, their financing, and management, and the roles of nation states, international agencies, the private sector and nongovernmental organizations in promoting health. Your students will come away with a clear understanding of how globalization is impacting on global health, and of the relationship between health and economic development.


Interpreting Trips

Interpreting TRIPS PDF
Author: Hiroko Yamane
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847316336
Size: 21.17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 582
View: 2807

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Interpreting Trips

by Hiroko Yamane, Interpreting Trips Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Interpreting Trips books, Protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs) has become a global issue. The Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) Agreement outlines the minimum standards for IPR protection for WTO members and offers a global regime for IPR protection. However, the benefits of TRIPS are more questionable in poorer countries where national infrastructure for research and development (R&D) and social protection are inadequate, whereas the cost of innovation is high. Today, after more than a decade of intense debate over global IPR protection, the problems remain acute, although there is also evidence of progress and cooperation. This book examines various views of the role of IPRs as incentives for innovation against the backdrop of development and the transfer of technology between globalised, knowledge-based, high technology economies. The book retraces the origins, content and interpretations of the TRIPS Agreement, including its interpretations by WTO dispute settlement organs. It also analyses sources of controversy over IPRs, examining pharmaceutical industry strategies of emerging countries with different IPR policies. The continuing international debate over IPRs is examined in depth, as are TRIPS rules and the controversy about implementing the 'flexibilities' of the Agreement in the light of national policy objectives. The author concludes that for governments in developing countries, as well as for their business and scientific communities, a great deal depends on domestic policy objectives and their implementation. IPR protection should be supporting domestic policies for innovation and investment. This, in turn requires a re-casting of the debate about TRIPS, to place cooperation in global and efficient R&D at the heart of concerns over IPR protection.


Global Lessons From The Aids Pandemic

Global Lessons from the AIDS Pandemic PDF
Author: Bradly J. Condon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354078392X
Size: 24.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 366
View: 1118

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Global Lessons From The Aids Pandemic

by Bradly J. Condon, Global Lessons From The Aids Pandemic Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Global Lessons From The Aids Pandemic books, We began to research for this book in 2000, with the idea that we might contribute to the search for solutions to the global HIV/AIDS pandemic by c- bining perspectives from different disciplines. Much has happened in the interv- ing years. First, the severity of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa – and the threat it posed for many others regions of the world – led to a movement among several countries to correct the imbalance between producers and users of ph- maceutical products. This effort produced a clarification of the right of gove- ments to produce generic medicine under compulsory licenses and an amendment of the World Trade Organization’s TRIPS Agreement to allow exports of generic medicines from one WTO Member to another. In 2007, the amended rules were put into practice, with Canada authorizing the export of generic antiretroviral drugs to Rwanda. However, at the same time, global patent laws have been undermined due to regulatory capture, most notably in free trade agreements and through political pressure on countries like Thailand to not to exercise their right to issue compulsory licenses for pharmaceutical products. Second, the amount of money available for the treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS has increased dramatically, with the establishment of the World Bank Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Program for Africa (MAP), the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), among other funding initiatives.