The Contradictions Of Real Socialism

The Contradictions of  Real Socialism  PDF
Author: Michael Lebowitz
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1583672567
Size: 65.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 222
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The Contradictions Of Real Socialism

by Michael Lebowitz, The Contradictions Of Real Socialism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Contradictions Of Real Socialism books, What was “real socialism”—the term which originated in twentieth-century socialist societies for the purpose of distinguishing them from abstract, theoretical socialism? In this volume, Michael A. Lebowitz considers the nature, tendencies, and contradictions of those societies. Beginning with the constant presence of shortages within “real socialism,” Lebowitz searches for the inner relations which generate these patterns. He finds these, in particular, in what he calls “vanguard relations of production,” a relation which takes the apparent form of a social contract where workers obtain benefits not available to their counterparts in capitalism but lack the power to decide within the workplace and society. While these societies were able to claim major achievements in areas from health care to education to popular culture, the separation of thinking and doing prevented workers from developing their capacities as fully developed human beings. The relationship within “real socialism” between the vanguard as conductor and a conducted working class, however, did not only lead to the deformation of workers and those elements necessary for the building of socialism; it also created the conditions in which enterprise managers emerged as an incipient capitalist class, which was an immediate source of the crises of “real socialism.” As he argued in The Socialist Alternative: Real Human Development, Lebowitz stresses the necessity to go beyond the hierarchy inherent in the relation of conductor and conducted (and beyond the “vanguard Marxism” which supports this) to create the conditions in which people can transform themselves through their conscious cooperation and practice—i.e., a society of free and associated producers.


Build It Now

Build It Now PDF
Author: Michael Lebowitz
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1583671455
Size: 67.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 127
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Build It Now

by Michael Lebowitz, Build It Now Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Build It Now books, "Considered as a whole, this collection offers a basis for generalisations and specialised inquiry that will support both teaching and further research on the role of women in world history."--Itinerario "The book deserves credit for stimulating such questions, which have broad appeal among scholars of colonialism, including those who do not work on gender. Its broad coverage and accessible language give it access to a wider audience than many academic anthologies, thereby advancing the interests of all those who value the study of colonial history."--Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History Women and the Colonial Gaze is the first collection to present a broad chronological and geographical examination of the ways in which images and stereotypes of women have been used to define relationships between colonial powers and subject peoples. In essays ranging from ancient Rome to twentieth-century Asia and Africa, the contributions suggest that the use of gender as a tool in the imperialist context is much older and more comprehensive than previously suggested. Contributors look particularly at the ways in which colonizers constructed a national identity by creating a contrast with the colonial "other," in contexts ranging from Christian views of Islam women in medieval Spain to French beliefs about Native American women. They also examine the ways in which images of gender as constructed by colonial powers impacted the lives of native women from colonial-era India to Korea to Swaziland. Comparative in its approach, the volume will appeal to students and historians of women's studies, colonialism, and the development of national identity.


The Socialist Imperative

The Socialist Imperative PDF
Author: Michael Lebowitz
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1583675477
Size: 49.75 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224
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The Socialist Imperative

by Michael Lebowitz, The Socialist Imperative Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Socialist Imperative books, In a little more than a decade, economist Michael A. Lebowitz has written several major works about the transition from socialism to capitalism: Beyond Capital(winner of the Deutscher Prize), Build It Now, The Socialist Alternative, and The Contradictions of “Real Socialism.” Here, he develops and deepens the analysis contained in those pathbreaking works by tracing major issues in socialist thought from the nineteenth century through the twenty-first. Lebowitz explores the obvious but almost universally ignored fact that as human beings work together to produce society’s goods and services, we also “produce” something else: namely, ourselves. Human beings are shaped by circumstances, and any vision of socialism that ignores this fact is bound to fail, or, at best, reproduce the alienation of labor that is endemic to capitalism. But how can people transform their circumstances in a way that allows them to re-organize production and, at the same time, fulfill their human potential? Lebowitz sets out to answer this question first by examining Marx’s Critique of the Gotha Programme, and from there investigates the experiences of the Soviet Union and more recent efforts to build socialism in Venezuela. He argues that socialism in the twenty-first century must be animated by a central vision, in three parts: social ownership of the means of production, social production organized by workers, and the satisfaction of communal needs and communal purposes. These essays repay careful reading and reflection, and prove Lebowitz to be one of the foremost Marxist thinkers of this era.


The Socialist Alternative

The Socialist Alternative PDF
Author: Michael Lebowitz
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1583674942
Size: 26.82 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 1025

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The Socialist Alternative

by Michael Lebowitz, The Socialist Alternative Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Socialist Alternative books, “A good society,“ Michael Lebowitz tells us, “is one that permits the full development of human potential.” In this slim, lucid, and insightful book, he argues persuasively that such a society is possible. That capitalism fails his definition of a good society is evident from even a cursory examination of its main features. What comes first in capitalism is not human development but privately accumulated profits by a tiny minority of the population. When there is a conflict between profits and human development, profits take precedence. Just ask the unemployed, those toiling at dead-end jobs, the sick and infirm, the poor, and the imprisoned. But if not capitalism, what? Lebowitz is also critical of those societies that have proclaimed their socialism, such as the former Soviet Union and China. While their systems were not capitalist and were capable of achieving some of what is necessary for the “development of human potential,” they were not “good societies.” A good society as Lebowitz defines it must be marked by three characteristics: social ownership of the means of production, social production controlled by workers, and satisfaction of communal needs and purposes. Lebowitz shows how these characteristics interact with and reinforce one another, and asks how they can be developed to the point where they occur more or less automatically—that is, become both a society’s premises and outcomes. He also offers fascinating insights into matters such as the nature of wealth, the illegitimacy of profits, the inadequacies of worker-controlled enterprises, the division of labor, and much more.


Between Capitalism And Community

Between Capitalism and Community PDF
Author: Michael A. Lebowitz
Publisher: Monthly Review Press
ISBN: 1583678875
Size: 31.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192
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Between Capitalism And Community

by Michael A. Lebowitz, Between Capitalism And Community Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Between Capitalism And Community books, Connects the Marxist construct of capitalism to systems of community In this book, Michael Lebowitz deepens the arguments he made in his award-winning, Beyond Capital. Karl Marx, in Capital, focused on capital and the capitalist class that is its embodiment. It is the endless accumulation of capital, its causes and consequences that are central to Marx’s analysis. In taking this approach, Marx tended to obscure not only the centrality of capital’s “immanent drive” and “constant tendency” to divide the working class but also the political economy of the working class (“social production controlled by social foresight”). In Between Capitalism and Community, Lebowitz demonstrates that capitalism contains within itself elements of a different society, one of community. Whereas Marx’s intellectual construct of capitalism treats it as an organic system that reproduces its premises of capital and wage-labor (including a working class that looks upon the requirements of capital “as self-evident natural laws”), Lebowitz argues that the struggle of workers in common and activities based upon solidarity point in the direction of the organic system of community, an alternative system that produces its own premises, communality, and recognition of the needs of others. If we are to escape the ultimate barbarism portended by the existing crisis of the earth system, the subordination of the system of capitalism by that of community is essential. Since the interregnum in which capitalism and community coexist is marked by the interpenetration and mutual deformation of both sides within this whole, however, the path to community cannot emerge spontaneously but requires a revolutionary party that stresses the development of the capacities of people through their protagonism.


The Contradictions Of Freedom

The Contradictions of Freedom PDF
Author: Sally J. Scholz
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791465608
Size: 39.68 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 244
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The Contradictions Of Freedom

by Sally J. Scholz, The Contradictions Of Freedom Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Contradictions Of Freedom books, The essential companion to Simone de Beauvoir's celebrated novel.


The Great Recession And The Contradictions Of Contemporary Capitalism

The Great Recession and the Contradictions of Contemporary Capitalism PDF
Author: Riccardo Bellofiore
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 0857938533
Size: 31.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 256
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The Great Recession And The Contradictions Of Contemporary Capitalism

by Riccardo Bellofiore, The Great Recession And The Contradictions Of Contemporary Capitalism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Great Recession And The Contradictions Of Contemporary Capitalism books, The current crisis is one of the great crises punctuating the long history of capitalism, and to be properly understood it is vital to take into account its ongoing structural transformation. This book offers plural perspectives on the Great Recession,


Problems Of Communism

Problems of Communism PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 78.27 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Communism
Languages : en
Pages :
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Problems Of Communism

by , Problems Of Communism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Problems Of Communism books,


The Contradictions Of Culture

The Contradictions of Culture PDF
Author: Elizabeth Wilson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761969754
Size: 19.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 167
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The Contradictions Of Culture

by Elizabeth Wilson, The Contradictions Of Culture Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Contradictions Of Culture books, In this book, one of the most accomplished and thoughtful cultural commentators of the day, considers the contradictory nature of cultural relations. Elizabeth Wilson explores these themes through an examination of fashion, feminism, consumer culture, representation and postmodernism. Debates within feminism on the nature and effects of pornography are used to illustrate a particular kind of cultural contradiction. Wilson recognizes that postmodernism permitted the reappropriation of subjects that were not previously considered worthy of attention, or opposed to the idea of emancipation, chief among these was fashion. She shows that the association of an interest in this culturally significant subject with a revisionist project raises doubt


The Theory Of Monopoly Capitalism

The Theory of Monopoly Capitalism PDF
Author: John Bellamy Foster
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1583674535
Size: 43.57 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 6374

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The Theory Of Monopoly Capitalism

by John Bellamy Foster, The Theory Of Monopoly Capitalism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Theory Of Monopoly Capitalism books, In 1966, Paul Baran and Paul Sweezy published Monopoly Capital, a monumental work of economic theory and social criticism that sought to reveal the basic nature of the capitalism of their time. Their theory, and its continuing elaboration by Sweezy, Harry Magdoff, and others in Monthly Review magazine, infl uenced generations of radical and heterodox economists. They recognized that Marx’s work was unfi nished and itself historically conditioned, and that any attempt to understand capitalism as an evolving phenomenon needed to take changing conditions into account. Having observed the rise of giant monopolistic (or oligopolistic) fi rms in the twentieth century, they put monopoly capital at the center of their analysis, arguing that the rising surplus such fi rms accumulated—as a result of their pricing power, massive sales efforts, and other factors—could not be profi tably invested back into the economy. Absent any “epoch making innovations” like the automobile or vast new increases in military spending, the result was a general trend toward economic stagnation—a condition that persists, and is increasingly apparent, to this day. Their analysis was also extended to issues of imperialism, or “accumulation on a world scale,” overlapping with the path-breaking work of Samir Amin in particular. John Bellamy Foster is a leading exponent of this theoretical perspective today, continuing in the tradition of Baran and Sweezy’s Monopoly Capital. This new edition of his essential work, The Theory of Monopoly Capitalism, is a clear and accessible explication of this outlook, brought up to the present, and incorporating an analysis of recently discovered “lost” chapters from Monopoly Capital and correspondence between Baran and Sweezy. It also discusses Magdoff and Sweezy’s analysis of the fi nancialization of the economy in the 1970s, ‘80s, and ‘90s, leading up to the Great Financial Crisis of the opening decade of this century. Foster presents and develops the main arguments of monopoly capital theory, examining its key exponents, and addressing its critics in a way that is thoughtful but rigorous, suspicious of dogma but adamant that the deep-seated problems of today’s monopoly-fi nance capitalism can only truly be solved in the process of overcoming the system itself.