The Domestication And Exploitation Of Plants And Animals

The Domestication and Exploitation of Plants and Animals PDF
Author: G. W. Dimbleby
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351483420
Size: 78.72 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 607
View: 5822

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The Domestication And Exploitation Of Plants And Animals

by G. W. Dimbleby, The Domestication And Exploitation Of Plants And Animals Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Domestication And Exploitation Of Plants And Animals books, The domestication of plants and animals was one of the greatest steps forward taken by mankind. Although it was first achieved long ago, we still need to know what led to it and how, and even when, it took place. Only when we have this understanding will we be able to appreciate fully the important social and economic consequences of this step. Even more important, an understanding of this achievement is basic to any insight into modern man's relationship to his habitat. In the last decade or two a change in methods of investigating these events has taken place, due to the mutual realization by archaeologists and natural scientists that each held part of the key and neither alone had the whole. Inevitably, perhaps, the floodgate that was opened has resulted in a spate of new knowledge, which is scattered in the form of specialist reports in diverse journals. This volume results from presentations at the Institute of Archaeology, London University, discussing the domestication and exploitation of plants and animals. Workers in the archaeological, anthropological, and biological fields attempted to bridge the gap between their respective disciplines through personal contact and discussion. Modern techniques and the result of their application to the classical problems of domestication, selection, and spread of cereals and of cattle were discussed, but so were comparable problems in plants and animals not previously considered in this context. Although there were differing opinions on taxonomic classification, the editors have standardized and simplified the usage throughout this book. In particular, they have omitted references to authorities and adopted the binomial classification for both botanical and zoological names. They followed this procedure in all cases except where sub-specific differences are discussed and also standardized orthography of sites.


Companion Encyclopedia Of Anthropology

Companion Encyclopedia of Anthropology PDF
Author: Tim Ingold
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415021375
Size: 28.58 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 1127
View: 7712

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Companion Encyclopedia Of Anthropology

by Tim Ingold, Companion Encyclopedia Of Anthropology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Companion Encyclopedia Of Anthropology books, This comprehensive survey of contemporary thought in biological, social and cultural anthropology sets the foundation for their future development and integration. The principal rationale behind the Encyclopedia is to overcome the division and fragmentation within the approaches of the humanities and natural sciences to anthropology. It emphasizes interconnections between perspectives and sub-disciplines, producing a complete perspective on what it means to be human. The work consists of three parts--Humanity, Culture, and Social Life--and 40 major contributions. Part One emphasizes human beings as members of a species, how that species differs from others, how it has evolved, and how human populations have adapted to and in turn transformed their environments. Part Two deals with the origin and structure of human culture, and on the role of culture in action, perception, and cognition. Part Three examines the various aspects of the relationshipsand processes that are carried on by persons and groups in the course of social life. Useful features such as cross-references within the text, full biographical references, suggestions for further reading and carefully illustrated line drawings make this an indispensable resource for all students of anthropology or sociology.


Hunters Herders And Hamburgers

Hunters  Herders  and Hamburgers PDF
Author: Richard W. Bulliet
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231503962
Size: 61.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 2688

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Hunters Herders And Hamburgers

by Richard W. Bulliet, Hunters Herders And Hamburgers Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Hunters Herders And Hamburgers books, Richard W. Bulliet has long been a leading figure in the study of human-animal relations, and in his newest work, Hunters, Herders, and Hamburgers, he offers a sweeping and engaging perspective on this dynamic relationship from prehistory to the present. By considering the shifting roles of donkeys, camels, cows, and other domesticated animals in human society, as well as their place in the social imagination, Bulliet reveals the different ways various cultures have reinforced, symbolized, and rationalized their relations with animals. Bulliet identifies and explores four stages in the history of the human-animal relationship-separation, predomesticity, domesticity, and postdomesticity. He begins with the question of when and why humans began to consider themselves distinct from other species and continues with a fresh look at how a few species became domesticated. He demonstrates that during the domestic era many species fell from being admired and even worshipped to being little more than raw materials for various animal-product industries. Throughout the work, Bulliet discusses how social and technological developments and changing philosophical, religious, and aesthetic viewpoints have shaped attitudes toward animals. Our relationship to animals continues to evolve in the twenty-first century. Bulliet writes, "We are today living through a new watershed in human-animal relations, one that appears likely to affect our material, social, and imaginative lives as profoundly as did the original emergence of domestic species." The United States, Britain, and a few other countries are leading a move from domesticity, marked by nearly universal familiarity with domestic species, to an era of postdomesticity, in which dependence on animal products continues but most people have no contact with producing animals. Elective vegetarianism and the animal-liberation movement have combined with new attitudes toward animal science, pets, and the presentation of animals in popular culture to impart a distinctive moral, psychological, and spiritual tone to postdomestic life.


Foraging And Farming

Foraging and Farming PDF
Author: David R. Harris
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317598296
Size: 52.73 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 762
View: 7528

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Foraging And Farming

by David R. Harris, Foraging And Farming Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Foraging And Farming books, This book is one of a series of more than 20 volumes resulting from the World Archaeological Congress, September 1986, attempting to bring together not only archaeologists and anthropologists from many parts of the world, as well as academics from contingent disciplines, but also non-academics from a wide range of cultural backgrounds. This volume develops a new approach to plant exploitation and early agriculture in a worldwide comparative context. It modifies the conceptual dichotomy between "hunter-gatherers" and "farmers", viewing human exploitation of plant resources as a global evolutionary process which incorporated the beginnings of cultivation and crop domestication. The studies throughout the book come from a worldwide range of geographical contexts, from the Andes to China and from Australia to the Upper Mid-West of North America. This work is of interest to anthropologists, archaeologists, botanists and geographers. Originally published 1989.


The Oxford Handbook Of African Archaeology

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology PDF
Author: Peter Mitchell
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191626155
Size: 77.91 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1080
View: 3128

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The Oxford Handbook Of African Archaeology

by Peter Mitchell, The Oxford Handbook Of African Archaeology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Oxford Handbook Of African Archaeology books, Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.


Free Ranging Dogs And Wildlife Conservation

Free Ranging Dogs and Wildlife Conservation PDF
Author: Matthew E. Gompper
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191640115
Size: 15.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 3898

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Free Ranging Dogs And Wildlife Conservation

by Matthew E. Gompper, Free Ranging Dogs And Wildlife Conservation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Free Ranging Dogs And Wildlife Conservation books, Dogs are the world's most common and widespread carnivores and are nearly ubiquitous across the globe. The vast majority of these dogs, whether owned or un-owned, pure-bred or stray, spend a large portion of their life as unconfined, free-roaming animals, persisting at the interface of human and wildlife communities. Their numbers are particularly large throughout the developing world, where veterinary care and population control are often minimal and human populations are burgeoning. This volume brings together the world's experts to provide a comprehensive, unifying, and accessible review of the effects of dogs on native wildlife species. With an emphasis on addressing how free-ranging dogs may influence wildlife management and native species of conservation concern, chapters address themes such as the global history and size of dog populations, dogs as predators, competitors, and prey of wildlife, the use of dogs as hunting companions, the role of dogs in maintaining diseases of wildlife, and the potential for dogs to hybridize with wild canid species. In addition, the potential role of dogs as mediators of conservation conflict is assessed, including the role of dogs as livestock guardians, the potential for dogs to aid researchers in locating rare wildlife species of conservation interest, and the importance of recognizing that some populations of dogs such as dingoes have a long history of genetic isolation and are themselves important conservation concerns. A common theme woven throughout this volume is the potential for dogs to mediate how humans interact with wildlife and the recognition that the success of wildlife conservation and management efforts are often underpinned by understanding and addressing the potential roles of free-ranging dogs in diverse natural ecosystems. Free-Ranging Dogs and Wildlife Conservation is aimed at professional wildlife and conservation ecologists, managers, graduate students, and researchers with an interest in human-dog-wildlife interactions. It will also be of relevance and use to dog welfare researchers, veterinary scientists, disease ecologists, and readers with an interest in the interface of domestic animals and wildlife.


The Plant Life Of China

The Plant Life of China PDF
Author: Chapman-Wang ...
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540422570
Size: 68.68 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 244

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The Plant Life Of China

by Chapman-Wang ..., The Plant Life Of China Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Plant Life Of China books, Camellia, Anemone, Primula, Rosa, Rhododendron, growth form, tree, shrub, herb, alpine.


The New Encyclopedia Of Southern Culture

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture PDF
Author: John T. Edge
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469616521
Size: 69.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 5918

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The New Encyclopedia Of Southern Culture

by John T. Edge, The New Encyclopedia Of Southern Culture Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The New Encyclopedia Of Southern Culture books, When the original Encyclopedia of Southern Culture was published in 1989, the topic of foodways was relatively new as a field of scholarly inquiry. Food has always been central to southern culture, but the past twenty years have brought an explosion in interest in foodways, particularly in the South. This volume marks the first encyclopedia of the food culture of the American South, surveying the vast diversity of foodways within the region and the collective qualities that make them distinctively southern. Articles in this volume explore the richness of southern foodways, examining not only what southerners eat but also why they eat it. The volume contains 149 articles, almost all of them new to this edition of the Encyclopedia. Longer essays address the historical development of southern cuisine and ethnic contributions to the region's foodways. Topical essays explore iconic southern foods such as MoonPies and fried catfish, prominent restaurants and personalities, and the food cultures of subregions and individual cities. The volume is destined to earn a spot on kitchen shelves as well as in libraries.


Corn And Capitalism

Corn and Capitalism PDF
Author: Arturo Warman
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807863254
Size: 28.30 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 1578

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Corn And Capitalism

by Arturo Warman, Corn And Capitalism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Corn And Capitalism books, Exploring the history and importance of corn worldwide, Arturo Warman traces its development from a New World food of poor and despised peoples into a commodity that plays a major role in the modern global economy. The book, first published in Mexico in 1988, combines approaches from anthropology, social history, and political economy to tell the story of corn, a "botanical bastard" of unclear origins that cannot reseed itself and is instead dependent on agriculture for propagation. Beginning in the Americas, Warman depicts corn as colonizer. Disparaged by the conquistadors, this Native American staple was embraced by the destitute of the Old World. In time, corn spread across the globe as a prodigious food source for both humans and livestock. Warman also reveals corn's role in nourishing the African slave trade. Through the history of one plant with enormous economic importance, Warman investigates large-scale social and economic processes, looking at the role of foodstuffs in the competition between nations and the perpetuation of inequalities between rich and poor states in the world market. Praising corn's almost unlimited potential for future use as an intensified source of starch, sugar, and alcohol, Warman also comments on some of the problems he foresees for large-scale, technology-dependent monocrop agriculture.


Lone Survivors

Lone Survivors PDF
Author: Chris Stringer
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1429973447
Size: 69.60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 2378

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Lone Survivors

by Chris Stringer, Lone Survivors Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Lone Survivors books, A leading researcher on human evolution proposes a new and controversial theory of how our species came to be In this groundbreaking and engaging work of science, world-renowned paleoanthropologist Chris Stringer sets out a new theory of humanity's origin, challenging both the multiregionalists (who hold that modern humans developed from ancient ancestors in different parts of the world) and his own "out of Africa" theory, which maintains that humans emerged rapidly in one small part of Africa and then spread to replace all other humans within and outside the continent. Stringer's new theory, based on archeological and genetic evidence, holds that distinct humans coexisted and competed across the African continent—exchanging genes, tools, and behavioral strategies. Stringer draws on analyses of old and new fossils from around the world, DNA studies of Neanderthals (using the full genome map) and other species, and recent archeological digs to unveil his new theory. He shows how the most sensational recent fossil findings fit with his model, and he questions previous concepts (including his own) of modernity and how it evolved. Lone Survivors will be the definitive account of who and what we were, and will change perceptions about our origins and about what it means to be human.