The Great Siege

The Great Siege PDF
Author: Ernle Bradford
Publisher: eReads.com
ISBN: 9780759299344
Size: 71.70 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Malta
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 5410

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The Great Siege

by Ernle Bradford, The Great Siege Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Great Siege books, Suleiman the Magnificent, the most powerful ruler in the world, was determined to conquer Europe. Only one thing stood in his way: a dot of an island in the Mediterranean called Malta, occupied by the Knights of St. John, the cream of the warriors of the Holy Roman Empire. A clash of civilizations was shaping up the likes of which had not been seen since Persia invaded Greece. Determined to capture Malta and use its port to launch operations against Europe, Suleiman sent an armada and an overwhelming army. A few thousand defenders in Fort St. Elmo fought to the last man, enduring cruel hardships. When they captured the fort the Turks took no prisoners and mutilated the defenders' bodies. Grand Master La Vallette of the Knights reciprocated by decapitating his Turkish prisoners and using their heads to cannonade the enemy. Then the battle for Malta began in earnest: no quarter asked; none given. The Siege of Malta is not merely a gripping tale of brutality, courage, and tenacity, but the saga of two mighty civilizations struggling for domination of the known world.


The Great Siege Of Malta

The Great Siege of Malta PDF
Author: Bruce Ware Allen
Publisher: University Press of New England
ISBN: 1611688434
Size: 33.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 344
View: 2982

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The Great Siege Of Malta

by Bruce Ware Allen, The Great Siege Of Malta Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Great Siege Of Malta books, In the spring of 1565, a massive fleet of Ottoman ships descended on Malta, a small island centrally located between North Africa and Sicily, home and headquarters of the crusading Knights of St. John and their charismatic Grand Master, Jean de Valette. The Knights had been expelled from Rhodes by the Ottoman sultan, Suleiman the Magnificent, and now stood as the last bastion against a Muslim invasion of Sicily, southern Italy, and beyond. The siege force of Turks, Arabs, and Barbary corsairs from across the Muslim world outnumbered the defenders of Malta many times over, and its arrival began a long hot summer of bloody combat, often hand to hand, embroiling knights and mercenaries, civilians and slaves, in a desperate struggle for this pivotal point in the Mediterranean. Bruce Ware Allen's The Great Siege of Malta describes the siege's geopolitical context, explains its strategies and tactics, and reveals how the all-too-human personalities of both Muslim and Christian leaders shaped the course of events. The siege of Malta was the Ottoman empire's high-water mark in the war between the Christian West and the Muslim East for control of the Mediterranean. Drawing on copious research and new source material, Allen stirringly recreates the two factions' heroism and chivalry, while simultaneously tracing the barbarism, severity, and indifference to suffering of sixteenth-century warfare. The Great Siege of Malta is a fresh, vivid retelling of one of the most famous battles of the early modern world - a battle whose echoes are still felt today.


The Great Siege Malta 1565

The Great Siege  Malta 1565 PDF
Author: Ernle Bradford
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 1497617308
Size: 75.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 5028

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The Great Siege Malta 1565

by Ernle Bradford, The Great Siege Malta 1565 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Great Siege Malta 1565 books, The indispensable account of the Ottoman Empire’s Siege of Malta from the author of Hannibal and Gibraltar. In the first half of the sixteenth century, the Ottoman Empire was thought to be invincible. Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman sultan, had expanded his empire from western Asia to southeastern Europe and North Africa. To secure control of the Mediterranean between these territories and launch an offensive into western Europe, Suleiman needed the small but strategically crucial island of Malta. But Suleiman’s attempt to take the island from the Holy Roman Empire’s Knights of St. John would emerge as one of the most famous and brutal military defeats in history. Forty-two years earlier, Suleiman had been victorious against the Knights of St. John when he drove them out of their island fortress at Rhodes. Believing he would repeat this victory, the sultan sent an armada to Malta. When they captured Fort St. Elmo, the Ottoman forces ruthlessly took no prisoners. The Roman grand master La Vallette responded by having his Ottoman captives beheaded. Then the battle for Malta began in earnest: no quarter asked, none given. Ernle Bradford’s compelling and thoroughly researched account of the Great Siege of Malta recalls not just an epic battle, but a clash of civilizations unlike anything since the time of Alexander the Great. It is “a superior, readable treatment of an important but little-discussed epic from the Renaissance past . . . An astonishing tale” (Kirkus Reviews).


The Great Siege

The Great Siege PDF
Author: Ernle Dusgate Selby Bradford
Publisher: Wordsworth Editions
ISBN: 9781840222067
Size: 55.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 5069

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The Great Siege

by Ernle Dusgate Selby Bradford, The Great Siege Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Great Siege books, In 1565 the Ottoman Empire was at its peak. Under their sultan, Solyman the Magnificent, the Turks had conquered most of Eastern Europe. The rulers of Christian Europe were at their wits' end to stem the tide of disaster. The Knights of St John, the fighting religious order drawn from most of the nations of Christendom had been driven from their island fortress of Rhodes 40 years earlier. From their new base of Malta their galleys had been so successful in their raids on Turkish shipping that the Sultan realised that only they stood between him and total mastery of the Mediterranean. He determined to obliterartethe Knights of Malta.


The Great Siege

The Great Siege PDF
Author: Stephen Spiteri
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 76.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Hospitalers
Languages : en
Pages : 640
View: 1948

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The Great Siege

by Stephen Spiteri, The Great Siege Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Great Siege books,


Tobruk

Tobruk PDF
Author: Frank Harrison
Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
ISBN: 9781854094520
Size: 31.93 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Tobruk, Battles of, Tobruk, Libya, 1941-1942
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 6756

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Tobruk

by Frank Harrison, Tobruk Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Tobruk books, This is a study of one of the major actions of World War II, Tobruk, the longest siege in British military history overseas. This reassessment describes the role of the Australians holding the siege, Rommel's part in creating the situation, and the part played by the 70th British Division, an often-overlooked action which broke the stalemate and invincibility of Rommel.


The Fortress

The Fortress PDF
Author: Alexander Watson
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241309077
Size: 42.12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 368
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The Fortress

by Alexander Watson, The Fortress Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Fortress books, SHORTLISTED FOR THE GILDER LEHRMAN PRIZE FOR MILITARY HISTORY AND THE BRITISH ARMY MILITARY BOOK OF THE YEAR AWARD A BBC HISTORY MAGAZINE BOOK OF THE YEAR 2019, AND FINANCIAL TIMES BOOK OF THE SUMMER 2020 'A masterpiece. It deserves to become a classic of military history' Lawrence James, The Times 'If you read one military history book this year, make it Alexander Watson's The Fortress' Tony Barber, Financial Times From the prize-winning author of Ring of Steel, a gripping history of the First World War's longest and most terrible siege In the autumn of 1914 Europe was at war. The battling powers had already suffered casualties on a scale previously unimaginable. On both the Western and Eastern fronts elaborate war plans lay in ruins and had been discarded in favour of desperate improvisation. In the West this resulted in the remorseless world of the trenches; in the East all eyes were focused on the old, beleaguered Austro-Hungarian fortress of Przemysl. The siege that unfolded at Przemysl was the longest of the whole war. In the defence of the fortress and the struggle to relieve it Austria-Hungary suffered some 800,000 casualties. Almost unknown in the West, this was one of the great turning points of the conflict. If the Russians had broken through they could have invaded Central Europe, but by the time the fortress fell their strength was so sapped they could go no further. Alexander Watson, prize-winning author of Ring of Steel, has written one of the great epics of the First World War. Comparable to Stalingrad in 1942-3, Przemysl shaped the course of Europe's future. Neither Russians nor Austro-Hungarians ever recovered militarily from their disasters. Using a huge range of sources, Watson brilliantly recreates a world of long-gone empires, broken armies and a cut-off community sliding into chaos. The siege was central to the war itself, but also a chilling harbinger of what would engulf the entire region in the coming decades, as nationalism, anti-semitism and an exterminatory fury took hold.


The Great Siege 1565

The Great Siege 1565 PDF
Author: George Cassar
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 46.54 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Malta
Languages : en
Pages : 140
View: 3614

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The Great Siege 1565

by George Cassar, The Great Siege 1565 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Great Siege 1565 books,


A Study In Depth Of 143 Maps Representing The Great Siege Of Malta Of 1565

A Study in Depth of 143 Maps Representing the Great Siege of Malta of 1565 PDF
Author: Albert Ganado
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 46.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Malta
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 323

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A Study In Depth Of 143 Maps Representing The Great Siege Of Malta Of 1565

by Albert Ganado, A Study In Depth Of 143 Maps Representing The Great Siege Of Malta Of 1565 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Study In Depth Of 143 Maps Representing The Great Siege Of Malta Of 1565 books,


The Great Siege Of Malta

The Great Siege of Malta PDF
Author: Charles River Editors
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781673621945
Size: 15.18 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 142
View: 6330

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The Great Siege Of Malta

by Charles River Editors, The Great Siege Of Malta Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Great Siege Of Malta books, *Includes pictures *Includes a bibliography for further reading "The darkness of the night then became as bright as day, due to the vast quantity of artificial fires. So bright was it indeed that we could see St Elmo quite clearly. The gunners of St Angelo... were able to lay and train their pieces upon the advancing Turks, who were picked out in the light of the fires." - Francisco Balbi, a Spanish soldier at the siege For centuries, Christians and Muslims were embroiled in one of the most infamous territorial disputes of all time, viciously and relentlessly battling one another for the Holy Land. In the heart of Jerusalem sat one of the shining jewels of the Christian faith, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Legend has it that this was where their Savior had been buried before his fabled resurrection. What was more, it was said to house the very cross Jesus Christ had died upon. It was for precisely these reasons that fearless pilgrims, near and far, risked their lives and made the treacherous trek to Jerusalem. Like other secretive groups, the mystery surrounding the Catholic military orders that sprung up in the wake of the First Crusade helped their legacies endure. While some conspiracy theorists attempt to tie the groups to other alleged secret socities like the Illuminati, other groups have tried to assert connections with them to bolster their own credentials. Who they were and what they had in their possession continue to be a source of great intrigue. After being forced out of Rhodes by the Ottomans in the early 16th century, the Knights Hospitaller spent seven years residing in Sicily without an official home or garrison, but around 1530, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V decided to gift the order the islands of Malta and Gozo, as well as the port city of Tripoli in North Africa, as a fiefdom. The emperor's motivations varied, but most historians believe he granted the knights the territory partially out of religious devotion and mainly to protect those regions from the looming Ottoman threat. Both Malta and Gozo were between Sicily and the North African coast and were prime locations for the Ottoman Empire to try to make their next move to gain inroads into Europe. In 1565, the Knights Hospitaller were attacked by Suleiman, who sent 40,000 soldiers to attempt to wrest control of Malta from them. This would become known as the Great Siege of Malta, lasting from May 18-September 11. The first two months of the siege were devastating for the Hospitallers, who lost most of their cities and half of their 8,000 knights. Resources were scarce and supplies were running low, resulting in starvation and disease. By August 18, the lines were ready to crumble, especially since the series of fortifications were spread out and difficult to defend. No help was forthcoming from the Viceroy of Sicily, who was under no obligation to assist because of the vague wording of the orders he received from King Philip II of Spain. Indeed, it could have been disastrous for Sicily since sacrificing their own troops would have left Sicily and Naples open to Ottoman invasion. When told to withdraw to spare the rest of the order, Grand Master Jean Parisot de Valette refused and held his ground, and finally, after months of ignoring the issue, the Viceroy of Sicily sent aid to the Knights Hospitaller after being badgered by his outraged officers. On August 23, the Ottomans launched their last assault upon Malta. The fighting was intense, and even wounded knights participated. The Ottoman army was unable to break through the Order's fortifications, as the garrison had repaired the worst of the damages and any breakages to avoid giving the Ottomans an advantage. After the Great Siege of Malta, the Knights Hospitaller would have no more decisive victories against their enemies, which should come as no surprise given that by the time the Ottomans left, the order only had 600 men capable of fighting.