The Semantic Field Of Modal Certainty

The Semantic Field of Modal Certainty PDF
Author: Anne-Marie Simon-Vandenbergen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110198924
Size: 60.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 405
View: 4889

Get Book

The Semantic Field Of Modal Certainty

by Anne-Marie Simon-Vandenbergen, The Semantic Field Of Modal Certainty Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Semantic Field Of Modal Certainty books, In spite of the vast literature on modality in English, very little research has been done on modal adverbs as a group. While there are studies of individual adverbs, the semantic and pragmatic relations between them have been left largely unexplored. This book takes a close look at the whole field of modal certainty as expressed by adverbs in English. On the basis of corpus data the most frequent adverbs of certainty, including certainly, indeed, and no doubt, are examined from the point of view of their syntactic, semantic and pragmatic characteristics. The corpus used is the International Corpus of English - Great Britain, supplemented by data from other present-day English corpora, and questionnaires testing native speakers' intuitions on fine-grained similarities and differences between closely related adverbs. The methodology also includes the study of cross-linguistic equivalents as indicators of semantic-pragmatic relations between adverbs. Translation corpora yield correspondences in Swedish, Dutch, French and German. A detailed study of those correspondences adds useful information for setting up a semantic-pragmatic profile of each adverb, showing where their meanings overlap and where the boundaries are. The concept of semantic maps is relied on for plotting these relations. The book not only provides a thorough empirical study of English adverbs expressing certainty, it also contributes to a better theoretical understanding of the complexity of modal certainty, how it is related to speakers' goals and to other semantic areas. It is the first in-depth study of this kind, combining rich information on English as well as opening up perspectives for further empirical and theoretical research into modality.


The Routledge Handbook Of Semantics

The Routledge Handbook of Semantics PDF
Author: Nick Riemer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317412451
Size: 13.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 534
View: 6152

Get Book

The Routledge Handbook Of Semantics

by Nick Riemer, The Routledge Handbook Of Semantics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Routledge Handbook Of Semantics books, The Routledge Handbook of Semantics provides a broad and state-of-the-art survey of this field, covering semantic research at both word and sentence level. It presents a synoptic view of the most important areas of semantic investigation, including contemporary methodologies and debates, and indicating possible future directions in the field. Written by experts from around the world, the 29 chapters cover key issues and approaches within the following areas: meaning and conceptualisation; meaning and context; lexical semantics; semantics of specific phenomena; development, change and variation. The Routledge Handbook of Semantics is essential reading for researchers and postgraduate students working in this area.


Extraction And Analysis Of Modal Auxiliaries In Consecutive Clauses From A Corpus

Extraction and Analysis of Modal Auxiliaries in Consecutive Clauses from a Corpus PDF
Author: Robert Chartrand
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 144388927X
Size: 13.14 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 140
View: 2969

Get Book

Extraction And Analysis Of Modal Auxiliaries In Consecutive Clauses From A Corpus

by Robert Chartrand, Extraction And Analysis Of Modal Auxiliaries In Consecutive Clauses From A Corpus Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Extraction And Analysis Of Modal Auxiliaries In Consecutive Clauses From A Corpus books, Although there are a large number of grammar books that explain the form and meaning of the English modal auxiliaries, there are few resources that provide examples as to what modals could be used, and in which cases, when referring to successive clauses. Modal auxiliaries are among the most difficult structures to teach to students of English as a second or foreign language. Some combinations of modals are more commonly used than others, and pairs of modals are used to express a specific meaning. It is not well known, however, exactly which combinations of modals are more popular. Therefore, a method to extract modal auxiliaries in two consecutive clauses from the British National Corpus 2007 XML edition was developed and is discussed in this book. Pair modal frequencies were not well known since simple string match methods could not be used with embedded sentences, complex sentences and compound sentences. This problem was solved by defining rules of sentence structures to identify important clauses carrying the main ideas of sentences, extracting only the important clauses and calculating t-scores. A system was implemented by using computational linguistic techniques for extracting, parsing, and simplifying sentences for learners to study the use of modal auxiliaries. Which collocational expressions are more common? What is the appropriateness of the results? Learners and educators can make use of these results to gain a better understanding of modal auxiliaries, and to facilitate the process of teaching and learning English.


Certainty Uncertainty And The Attitudinal Space In Between

Certainty uncertainty     and the Attitudinal Space in Between PDF
Author: Sibilla Cantarini
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027269149
Size: 30.59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 365
View: 1470

Get Book

Certainty Uncertainty And The Attitudinal Space In Between

by Sibilla Cantarini, Certainty Uncertainty And The Attitudinal Space In Between Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Certainty Uncertainty And The Attitudinal Space In Between books, The selected papers of this volume cover five main topics, namely ‘Certainty: The conceptual differential’; ‘(Un)Certainty as attitudinality’; ‘Dialogical exchange and speech acts’; ‘Onomasiology’; and ‘Applications in exegesis and religious discourse’. By examining the general theme of the communication of certainty and uncertainty from different scientific fields, theoretical approaches and perspectives, this compendium of state-of-the-art research papers provides both an interdisciplinary comparison of the latest investigations, methods and findings, and new advances and theoretical insights with a common focus on human communication.


Pragmatics And Corpus Linguistics

Pragmatics and Corpus Linguistics PDF
Author: Jesús Romero-Trillo
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110199025
Size: 18.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 282
View: 3039

Get Book

Pragmatics And Corpus Linguistics

by Jesús Romero-Trillo, Pragmatics And Corpus Linguistics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Pragmatics And Corpus Linguistics books, The recent history of linguistics has witnessed the development of some disciplines that were conceived apart but benefited from common intuitions. One example of this phenomenon is the relationship established throughout time between pragmatics and corpus linguistics. Although their arrival heralded the application of two paradigms based on distant theoretical principles, they always showed an interest in their mutual advances and their practical reconciliation gave birth to an intellectual synergy that proved very fruitful. The present volume is an homage to the symbiosis of pragmatics and corpus linguistics and gathers the works of some of the scholars that have striven to create the liaison between them for a better understanding of language.


Information Structure In A Cross Linguistic Perspective

Information Structure in a Cross linguistic Perspective PDF
Author: Hilde Hasselgård
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9789042014695
Size: 76.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 228
View: 1150

Get Book

Information Structure In A Cross Linguistic Perspective

by Hilde Hasselgård, Information Structure In A Cross Linguistic Perspective Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Information Structure In A Cross Linguistic Perspective books, The present volume draws together contributions from a number of scholars with an interest in empirical, cross-linguistic description. Most of the papers were first presented at the symposiumInformation Structure in a Cross-linguistic Perspective held in Oslo in November/December 2000. The descriptions are functionally oriented, and their common focus is how information structure – in a broad sense – can be compared across languages. 'Information structure' has been approached in a variety of ways by the authors, so as to give a broad picture of this fundamental principle of text production, involving the way in which a speaker/writer chooses to present a message in terms of given/new information, focus, cohesion, and point of view. Central to much of the research is the problem of establishing criteria for isolating linguistic constraints on language use from cultural-linguistic conventions in text production. The linguistic comparison includes English, German and/or one of the Scandinavian languages, with sidelights to other languages. Most of the papers are text- or corpus-based, and the ongoing work on parallel corpora in Scandinavia is reflected in several contributions.


Constructional Approaches To English Grammar

Constructional Approaches to English Grammar PDF
Author: Graeme Trousdale
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton
ISBN:
Size: 71.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 310
View: 2539

Get Book

Constructional Approaches To English Grammar

by Graeme Trousdale, Constructional Approaches To English Grammar Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Constructional Approaches To English Grammar books, This collection of articles brings together new research from both established and emerging international experts in the study of English grammar, all of whom have engaged with the notion of 'construction' in their work.The research here is concerned with both synchrony and diachrony, with the relationship between Construction Grammar and other linguistic theories, and with a number of issues in the study of grammar, such as raising and control phenomena, transitivity, relative clause structure, the syntax of gerunds, attributive and predicative uses of adjectives, modality, and grammaticalization. Some of the articles are written within a constructional framework, while others highlight potential problems with constructional approaches to English grammar; some of the articles are based on data collected from corpora, some on introspection; some of the articles suggest potential developments for diachronic construction grammar, while others seek to compare Construction Grammar with other cognitive linguistic theories, most particularly Word Grammar.The research reported in this volume presents a series of ways of looking at the relationship between constructions and patterns in English grammar, either now or in the past. The bookaddresses scholars and advanced students who are interested in English grammar, constructional approaches to language, and the relationship between functional and formal issues in linguistic description and theory.


Ibr

IBR PDF
Author: De Gruyter
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783598694523
Size: 57.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 2579
View: 7531

Get Book

Ibr

by De Gruyter, Ibr Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Ibr books, The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.2 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.


Seeing Through Multilingual Corpora

Seeing Through Multilingual Corpora PDF
Author: Stig Johansson
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027223005
Size: 25.35 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 355
View: 7102

Get Book

Seeing Through Multilingual Corpora

by Stig Johansson, Seeing Through Multilingual Corpora Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Seeing Through Multilingual Corpora books, Through electronic corpora we can observe patterns which we were unaware of before or only vaguely glimpsed. The availability of multilingual corpora has led to a renewal of contrastive studies. We gain new insight into similarities and differences between languages, at the same time as the characteristics of each language are brought into relief. The present book focuses on the work in building and using the English-Norwegian Parallel Corpus and the Oslo Multilingual Corpus. Case studies are reported on lexis, grammar, and discourse. A concluding chapter sums up problems and prospects of corpus-based contrastive studies, including applications in lexicography, translator training, and foreign-language teaching. Though the main focus is on English and Norwegian, the approach should be of interest more generally for corpus-based contrastive research and for language studies in general. Seeing through corpora we can see through language.


Language

Language PDF
Author: George Melville Bolling
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 46.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Comparative linguistics
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 961

Get Book

Language

by George Melville Bolling, Language Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Language books,