The Theory Of Ecology

The Theory of Ecology PDF
Author: Samuel M. Scheiner
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226736865
Size: 19.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 404
View: 6388

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The Theory Of Ecology

by Samuel M. Scheiner, The Theory Of Ecology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Theory Of Ecology books, Despite claims to the contrary, the science of ecology has a long history of building theories. Many ecological theories are mathematical, computational, or statistical, though, and rarely have attempts been made to organize or extrapolate these models into broader theories. The Theory of Ecology brings together some of the most respected and creative theoretical ecologists of this era to advance a comprehensive, conceptual articulation of ecological theories. The contributors cover a wide range of topics, from ecological niche theory to population dynamic theory to island biogeography theory. Collectively, the chapters ably demonstrate how theory in ecology accounts for observations about the natural world and how models provide predictive understandings. It organizes these models into constitutive domains that highlight the strengths and weaknesses of ecological understanding. This book is a milestone in ecological theory and is certain to motivate future empirical and theoretical work in one of the most exciting and active domains of the life sciences.


The Theory Of Ecological Communities Mpb 57

The Theory of Ecological Communities  MPB 57  PDF
Author: Mark Vellend
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691208999
Size: 36.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 5889

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The Theory Of Ecological Communities Mpb 57

by Mark Vellend, The Theory Of Ecological Communities Mpb 57 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Theory Of Ecological Communities Mpb 57 books, A plethora of different theories, models, and concepts make up the field of community ecology. Amid this vast body of work, is it possible to build one general theory of ecological communities? What other scientific areas might serve as a guiding framework? As it turns out, the core focus of community ecology—understanding patterns of diversity and composition of biological variants across space and time—is shared by evolutionary biology and its very coherent conceptual framework, population genetics theory. The Theory of Ecological Communities takes this as a starting point to pull together community ecology's various perspectives into a more unified whole. Mark Vellend builds a theory of ecological communities based on four overarching processes: selection among species, drift, dispersal, and speciation. These are analogues of the four central processes in population genetics theory—selection within species, drift, gene flow, and mutation—and together they subsume almost all of the many dozens of more specific models built to describe the dynamics of communities of interacting species. The result is a theory that allows the effects of many low-level processes, such as competition, facilitation, predation, disturbance, stress, succession, colonization, and local extinction to be understood as the underpinnings of high-level processes with widely applicable consequences for ecological communities. Reframing the numerous existing ideas in community ecology, The Theory of Ecological Communities provides a new way for thinking about biological composition and diversity.


Ecological Understanding

Ecological Understanding PDF
Author: Steward T.A. Pickett
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080504973
Size: 66.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 206
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Ecological Understanding

by Steward T.A. Pickett, Ecological Understanding Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Ecological Understanding books, Ecology is an historical science in which theories can be as difficult to test as they are to devise. This volume, intended for ecologists and evolutionary biologists, reviews ecological theories, and how they are generated, evaluated, and categorized. Synthesizing a vast and sometimes labyrinthine literature, this book is a useful entry into the scientific philosophy of ecology and natural history. The need for integration of the contributions to theory made by different disciplines is a central theme of this book. The authors demonstrate that only through such integration will advances in ecological theory be possible. Ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and other serious students of natural history will want this book.


Maximum Entropy And Ecology

Maximum Entropy and Ecology PDF
Author: John Harte
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191621161
Size: 49.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 280
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Maximum Entropy And Ecology

by John Harte, Maximum Entropy And Ecology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Maximum Entropy And Ecology books, This pioneering graduate textbook provides readers with the concepts and practical tools required to understand the maximum entropy principle, and apply it to an understanding of ecological patterns. Rather than building and combining mechanistic models of ecosystems, the approach is grounded in information theory and the logic of inference. Paralleling the derivation of thermodynamics from the maximum entropy principle, the state variable theory of ecology developed in this book predicts realistic forms for all metrics of ecology that describe patterns in the distribution, abundance, and energetics of species over multiple spatial scales, a wide range of habitats, and diverse taxonomic groups. The first part of the book is foundational, discussing the nature of theory, the relationship of ecology to other sciences, and the concept of the logic of inference. Subsequent sections present the fundamentals of macroecology and of maximum information entropy, starting from first principles. The core of the book integrates these fundamental principles, leading to the derivation and testing of the predictions of the maximum entropy theory of ecology (METE). A final section broadens the book's perspective by showing how METE can help clarify several major issues in conservation biology, placing it in context with other theories and highlighting avenues for future research.


A Theory Of Ecological Justice

A Theory of Ecological Justice PDF
Author: Brian Baxter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134386028
Size: 34.68 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 224
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A Theory Of Ecological Justice

by Brian Baxter, A Theory Of Ecological Justice Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Theory Of Ecological Justice books, In A Theory of Ecological Justice, Baxter argues for ecological justice - that is, for treating species besides homo sapiens as having a claim in justice to a share of the Earth's resources. It explores the nature of justice claims as applied to organisms of various degrees of complexity and describes the institutional arrangements necessary to integrate the claims of ecological justice into human decision-making.


The Background Of Ecology

The Background of Ecology PDF
Author: Robert P. McIntosh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521270878
Size: 52.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 383
View: 330

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The Background Of Ecology

by Robert P. McIntosh, The Background Of Ecology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Background Of Ecology books, The Background of Ecology is a critical and up-to-date review of the origins and development of ecology, with emphasis on the major concepts and theories shared in the ecological traditions of plant and animal ecology, limnology, and oceanography. The work traces developments in each of these somewhat isolated areas and identifies, where possible, parallels or convergences among them. Dr McIntosh describes how ecology emerged as a science in the context of nineteenth-century natural history.


Theoretical Ecology

Theoretical Ecology PDF
Author: Kevin S. McCann
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198824289
Size: 37.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 320
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Theoretical Ecology

by Kevin S. McCann, Theoretical Ecology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Theoretical Ecology books, Theoretical Ecology: concepts and applications continues the authoritative and established sequence of theoretical ecology books initiated by Robert M. May which helped pave the way for ecology to become a more robust theoretical science, encouraging the modern biologist to better understand the mathematics behind their theories. This latest instalment builds on the legacy of its predecessors with a completely new set of contributions. Rather than placing emphasis on the historical ideas in theoretical ecology, the Editors have encouraged each contribution to: synthesize historical theoretical ideas within modern frameworks that have emerged in the last 10-20 years (e.g. bridging population interactions to whole food webs); describe novel theory that has emerged in the last 20 years from historical empirical areas (e.g. macro-ecology); and finally to cover the rapidly expanding area of theoretical ecological applications (e.g. disease theory and global change theory). The result is a forward-looking synthesis that will help guide the field through a further decade of discovery and development. It is written for upper level undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers seeking synthesis and the state of the art in growing areas of interest in theoretical ecology, genetics, evolutionary ecology, and mathematical biology.


Encyclopedia Of Theoretical Ecology

Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology PDF
Author: Dr. Alan Hastings
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520951786
Size: 80.82 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 848
View: 4380

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Encyclopedia Of Theoretical Ecology

by Dr. Alan Hastings, Encyclopedia Of Theoretical Ecology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Theoretical Ecology books, This major reference is an overview of the current state of theoretical ecology through a series of topical entries centered on both ecological and statistical themes. Coverage ranges across scales—from the physiological, to populations, landscapes, and ecosystems. Entries provide an introduction to broad fields such as Applied Ecology, Behavioral Ecology, Computational Ecology, Ecosystem Ecology, Epidemiology and Epidemic Modeling, Population Ecology, Spatial Ecology and Statistics in Ecology. Others provide greater specificity and depth, including discussions on the Allee effect, ordinary differential equations, and ecosystem services. Descriptions of modern statistical and modeling approaches and how they contributed to advances in theoretical ecology are also included. Succinct, uncompromising, and authoritative—a "must have" for those interested in the use of theory in the ecological sciences.


Human Ecology

Human Ecology PDF
Author: Amos H. Hawley
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226319841
Size: 16.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 168
View: 1381

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Human Ecology

by Amos H. Hawley, Human Ecology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Human Ecology books, Human Ecology: A Theoretical Essay, by Amos Hawley, presents for the first time a unified theory of human ecology by a scholar whose name is virtually synonymous with the discipline. Focused on the interaction between society and environment, human ecology is an attempt to deal holistically with the phenomenon of human organization. Beginning in the first quarter of the century, sociologists such as Park, Burgess, and McKenzie developed the study of human ecology to account for the dynamics of change in American cities. Over time, theorists have reached beyond the boundaries of sociology, drawing on the findings of economics, political science, anthropology, and bioecology, to understand the relationship of human beings to their environment. Hawley has successfully integrated the scattered theses of this wide-ranging discipline into a schematic whole. The early human ecologists seized on the analogy of plant communities as a way of understanding urban communities. Hawley here maintains that the most important contribution to human ecology of the lexicons of plant and animal ecologies is the perspective of collective life as an adaptive process consisting in an interaction of environment, population, and organization. From the adaptive profess, he argues, emerges the ecosystem, a concept that serves as a common denominator for bioecology and human ecology. Hawley has codified the theory of human ecology by a set of deductive hypotheses that establish its claims to coherence and comprehensiveness. His model charts a synthesis of ecological concepts ranging from adaptation and equilibrium through growth in temporal and spatial dimensions to convergence and openness. The essay underscores the critical importance of transportation and communication technology to the shaping of the human ecological system. Human Ecology brings concision and elegance to this holistic perspective and will serve as a point of reference and orientation for anyone interested in the powers and scope of the ecological approach.