The Unthinkable Revolution In Iran

The Unthinkable Revolution in Iran PDF
Author: Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674039834
Size: 45.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 803

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The Unthinkable Revolution In Iran

by Charles Kurzman, The Unthinkable Revolution In Iran Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Unthinkable Revolution In Iran books, The shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, would remain on the throne for the foreseeable future: This was the firm conclusion of a top-secret CIA analysis issued in October 1978. One hundred days later the shah--despite his massive military, fearsome security police, and superpower support was overthrown by a popular and largely peaceful revolution. But the CIA was not alone in its myopia, as Charles Kurzman reveals in this penetrating work; Iranians themselves, except for a tiny minority, considered a revolution inconceivable until it actually occurred. Revisiting the circumstances surrounding the fall of the shah, Kurzman offers rare insight into the nature and evolution of the Iranian revolution and into the ultimate unpredictability of protest movements in general. As one Iranian recalls, The future was up in the air. Through interviews and eyewitness accounts, declassified security documents and underground pamphlets, Kurzman documents the overwhelming sense of confusion that gripped pre-revolutionary Iran, and that characterizes major protest movements. His book provides a striking picture of the chaotic conditions under which Iranians acted, participating in protest only when they expected others to do so too, the process approaching critical mass in unforeseen and unforeseeable ways. Only when large numbers of Iranians began to think the unthinkable, in the words of the U.S. ambassador, did revolutionary expectations become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A corrective to 20-20 hindsight, this book reveals shortcomings of analyses that make the Iranian revolution or any major protest movement seem inevitable in retrospect.


The Unthinkable Revolution In Iran

The Unthinkable Revolution in Iran PDF
Author: Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674018435
Size: 70.88 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 287
View: 6241

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The Unthinkable Revolution In Iran

by Charles Kurzman, The Unthinkable Revolution In Iran Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Unthinkable Revolution In Iran books, A 1978 CIA analysis firmly concluded that the shah of Iran would remain on the throne for the foreseeable future. One hundred days later the shah was overthrown by a popular revolution. The CIA was not alone in its myopia, as Kurzman reveals; Iranians themselves considered a revolution inconceivable until it actually occurred.


                        PDF
Author: Ray Takeyh
Publisher: العبيكان للنشر
ISBN: 9960549836
Size: 17.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : ar
Pages : 350
View: 2590

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by Ray Takeyh, Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download books, تعود أهمية هذا الكتاب إلى عدة عوامل منها أن مؤلفه هو (راي تقية) الباحث والكاتب السياسي المطلع، والعضو في مجلس العلاقات الخارجية الأمريكية، المتخصص في إيران والحركات الإسلامية، والسياسة الشرق أوسطية. كما أن موضوع الكتاب له أهمية خاصة، فهو يتناول، بحياد ودقة وموضوعية، واحدة من أكثر البؤر السياسية توترًا والتهابًا في العالم، وهي إيران، وما يحيط بها في منطقتنا من تعقيدات وتداخلات وتعارضات في علاقاتها مع كل القوى الفاعلة في المنطقة وفي العالم. يبتدئ المؤلف كتابه بمقدمة عنوانها: الفهم الخاطئ لإيران، وينهيه بخاتمة عنوانها: الفهم الصحيح لإيران، وفيما بينهما ثمانية فصول يحلل فيها الوضع الإيراني الداخلي في ارتباطه بتاريخها الاجتماعي والثقافي والعقائدي والثوري، وفي علاقة كل ذلك بقضايا المنطقة بكل تعقيداتها، محاولاً استجلاء ملامح وأسباب فهم أمريكا الخاطئ لإيران الذي جعلها اليوم مشكلة مستعصية على الحل. وكأن الكتاب محاولة للإجابة عن سؤال واحد بشقين: لماذا الفهم الخاطئ؟ كيف يكون الفهم الصحيح، وبالتالي المنهج الصحيح لمعالجة واحدة من أكبر مشكلات العصر؟ العبيكان للنشر


Revolution In The Making Of The Modern World

Revolution in the Making of the Modern World PDF
Author: John Foran
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134003250
Size: 54.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 1691

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Revolution In The Making Of The Modern World

by John Foran, Revolution In The Making Of The Modern World Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Revolution In The Making Of The Modern World books, This volume questions whether ideas of revolution are still relevant in the postmodern and globalized world of the twenty-first century. Featuring contributions from some of the world's leading sociological and political thinkers on revolution, it combines theoretical concerns with a variety of detailed case studies of individual revolutions. Subjects covered include: democracy and revolution from 1789 to 1989 twentieth century revolutions and theories of revolution, including Marxism, modernization and structuralist theories revolution in the "Third World" and the variable geometry of the paths to modernity Islamic revolutions and modernity the 1989 revolutions as "democratic revolutions" or "elite-led transitions" globalization, the nation-state and revolution empire and "democratic revolution" network society and revolution Islamic fundamentalism, international terrorism and revolution democratic revolution as a new form of revolution postmodern theories of revolution new social movements, identities and new figures of revolution. Revolution in the Making of the Modern World will be essential reading for students and scholars of comparative politics, political theory, revolution and political sociology.


The Politics Of Nationalism In Modern Iran

The Politics of Nationalism in Modern Iran PDF
Author: Ali M. Ansari
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139560336
Size: 54.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
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The Politics Of Nationalism In Modern Iran

by Ali M. Ansari, The Politics Of Nationalism In Modern Iran Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Politics Of Nationalism In Modern Iran books, The first full-length study of Iranian nationalism in nearly five decades, this sophisticated and challenging book by the distinguished historian Ali M. Ansari explores the idea of nationalism in the creation of modern Iran. It does so by considering the broader developments in national ideologies that took place following the emergence of the European Enlightenment and showing how these ideas were adopted by a non-European state. Ansari charts a course through twentieth-century Iran, analysing the growth of nationalistic ideas and their impact on the state and demonstrating the connections between historiographical and political developments. In so doing, he shows how Iran's different regimes manipulated ideologies of nationalism and collective historical memory to suit their own ends. Drawing on hitherto untapped sources, the book concludes that it was the revolutionary developments and changes that occurred during the first half of the twentieth century that paved the way for later radicalisation.


Shi I Theology In Iran

Shi i Theology in Iran PDF
Author: Ori Goldberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136649034
Size: 15.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 1346

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Shi I Theology In Iran

by Ori Goldberg, Shi I Theology In Iran Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Shi I Theology In Iran books, Taking a theologically oriented method for engaging with historical and cultural phenomena, this book explores the challenge, offered by revolutionary Shi’i theology in Iran, to Western conventions on theology, revolution and religion’s role in the creation of identity. Offering a stringent critique of current literature on political Islam and on Iran's 1979 Islamic Revolution, the author suggests that current literature fails to perceive and engage with the revolution and its thought as religious phenomena. Grounded in the experience of unconditional faith in God, Shi'i thinkers recognize a distinction between the human and the divine. Concerned with the challenge of constructing a virtuous society, these thinkers pose a model of authority and morality based on mediation, interpretation and participation in the experience of faith. Ori Goldberg considers this interpretative model utilizing a broad array of theoretical tools, most notably critical theologies drawn from Jewish and Christian thought. He draws on a close reading of several texts written by prominent Iranian Shi'i thinkers between 1940 and 2000, most of which are translated into English for the first time, to reveal a vibrant, complex discourse. Presenting a new interfaith perspective on a subject usually considered beyond the scope of such research, this book will be an important reference for scholars of Iranian studies, political Islam, theology and cultural studies.


Iran In The 21st Century

Iran in the 21st Century PDF
Author: Homa Katouzian
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134077599
Size: 51.73 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 6425

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Iran In The 21st Century

by Homa Katouzian, Iran In The 21st Century Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Iran In The 21st Century books, Iran is an ancient country, an oil-exporting economy and an Islamic Republic. It experienced two full-scale revolutions in the twentieth century, the latter of which had large and important regional and international consequences, including an eight-year war with Saddam Hussein’s Iraq. And now in the twenty-first century, it confronts issues and experiences problems which have important implications for its future development and external relations. Featuring outstanding contributions from leading sociologists, social anthropologists, political scientists and economists in the field of Iranian studies, this book is the first to examine Iran and its position in the contemporary world. In developing this argument, topics examined include: social developments in the country including gender relations contemporary politics international relations relations with the US and Israel nuclear weapons and energy programmes oil and the development of the economy.


                                                                                                               PDF
Author: ويلفريد بوختا
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789948005407
Size: 28.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Iran
Languages : ar
Pages : 340
View: 6414

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by ويلفريد بوختا, Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download books,


Revolutions A Very Short Introduction

Revolutions  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Jack A. Goldstone
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199858527
Size: 17.27 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 6951

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Revolutions A Very Short Introduction

by Jack A. Goldstone, Revolutions A Very Short Introduction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Revolutions A Very Short Introduction books, From 1789 in France to 2011 in Cairo, revolutions have shaken the world. In their pursuit of social justice, revolutionaries have taken on the assembled might of monarchies, empires, and dictatorships. They have often, though not always, sparked cataclysmic violence, and have at times won miraculous victories, though at other times suffered devastating defeat. This Very Short Introduction illuminates the revolutionaries, their strategies, their successes and failures, and the ways in which revolutions continue to dominate world events and the popular imagination. Starting with the city-states of ancient Greece and Rome, Jack Goldstone traces the development of revolutions through the Renaissance and Reformation, the Enlightenment and liberal constitutional revolutions such as in America, and their opposite--the communist revolutions of the 20th century. He shows how revolutions overturned dictators in Nicaragua and Iran and brought the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, and examines the new wave of non-violent "color" revolutions-the Philippines' Yellow Revolution, Ukraine's Orange Revolution--and the Arab Uprisings of 2011-12 that rocked the Middle East. Goldstone also sheds light on the major theories of revolution, exploring the causes of revolutionary waves, the role of revolutionary leaders, the strategies and processes of revolutionary change, and the intersection between revolutions and shifting patterns of global power. Finally, the author examines the reasons for diverse revolutionary outcomes, from democracy to civil war and authoritarian rule, and the likely future of revolution in years to come. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.


The Missing Martyrs

The Missing Martyrs PDF
Author: Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190907975
Size: 15.36 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 1418

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The Missing Martyrs

by Charles Kurzman, The Missing Martyrs Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Missing Martyrs books, Why are there so few Muslim terrorists? With more than a billion Muslims in the world-many of whom supposedly hate the West and ardently desire martyrdom-why don't we see terrorist attacks every day? Where are the missing martyrs? These questions may seem counterintuitive, in light of the death and devastation that terrorists have wrought around the world. But the scale of violence, outside of civil war zones, has been far lower than the waves of attacks that the world feared in the wake of 9/11. Terrorists' own publications complain about Muslims' failure to join their cause. The Missing Martyrs draws on government sources and revolutionary publications, public opinion surveys and election results, historical documents and in-depth interviews with Muslims in the Middle East and around the world to examine barriers to terrorist recruitment, including liberal Islam, revolutionary rivalries, and an inelastic demand for U.S. foreign policy. This revised edition, updated to include the self-proclaimed "Islamic State," concludes that fear of terrorism should be brought into alignment with the actual level of threat, and that government policies and public opinion should be based on evidence rather than alarmist hyperbole.