To Advance Knowledge

To Advance Knowledge PDF
Author: Roger L. Geiger
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351471813
Size: 20.71 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 325
View: 1443

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To Advance Knowledge

by Roger L. Geiger, To Advance Knowledge Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download To Advance Knowledge books, American research universities are part of the foundation for the supremacy of American science. Although they emerged as universities in the late nineteenth century, the incorporation of research as a distinct part of their mission largely occurred after 1900. To Advance Knowledge relates how these institutions, by 1940, advanced from provincial outposts in the world of knowledge to leaders in critical areas of science. This study is the first to systematically examine the preconditions for the development of a university research role. These include the formation of academic disciplines--communities that sponsored associations and journals, which defined and advanced fields of knowledge. Only a few universities were able to engage in these activities. Indeed, universities before World War I struggled to find the means to support their own research through endowments, research funds, and faculty time. To Advance Knowledge shows how these institutions developed the size and wealth to harbor a learned faculty. The book illustrates how arrangements for research changed markedly in the 1920s when the great foundations established from the Rockefeller and Carnegie fortunes embraced the advancement of knowledge as a goal. Universities emerged in this decade as the best-suited vessels to carry this mission. Foundation resources made possible the development of an American social science. In the natural sciences, this patronage allowed the United States to gain parity with Europe on scientific frontiers, of which the most important was undoubtedly nuclear physics. The research role of universities cannot be isolated from the institutions themselves. To Advance Knowledge focuses on sixteen universities that were significantly engaged with research during this era. It analyzes all facets of these institutions--collegiate life, sources of funding, treatment of faculty--since all were relevant to shaping the research role.


To Advance Knowledge

to Advance Knowledge  PDF
Author: Gene R. Hawes
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 31.27 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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To Advance Knowledge

by Gene R. Hawes , To Advance Knowledge Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download To Advance Knowledge books,


Is The Right Research Being Conducted To Advance Knowledge About Breast Reconstruction An Analysis Of The Research Pipeline

Is the Right Research Being Conducted to Advance Knowledge about Breast Reconstruction  An Analysis of the Research Pipeline PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 22.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Is The Right Research Being Conducted To Advance Knowledge About Breast Reconstruction An Analysis Of The Research Pipeline

by , Is The Right Research Being Conducted To Advance Knowledge About Breast Reconstruction An Analysis Of The Research Pipeline Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Is The Right Research Being Conducted To Advance Knowledge About Breast Reconstruction An Analysis Of The Research Pipeline books, Abstract : Background: It has been estimated that up to 85 percent of research is of limited value or wasted, in part because of the wrong research questions being addressed. In this study, the authors identified research gaps for breast reconstruction using guideline recommendations based on low-quality or no evidence. The authors then evaluated whether research was currently being conducted to fill these gaps. Methods: The authors extracted grade C and D options, which are based on limited evidence, from the American Society of Plastic Surgeon's clinical practice guideline for breast reconstruction. For each option, the authors created Participants, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome questions and search strings using a systematic process. Searches were conducted of ClinicalTrials.gov and the World Health Organization's International Clinical Trials Registry Platform to locate new and ongoing studies. The authors also catalogued studies on breast reconstruction funded by the Plastic Surgery Foundation. Results: Of the 10 research gaps, only six were being addressed by new and ongoing research. Timing of reconstruction (immediate or delayed) and use of acellular dermal matrix were most frequently studied. Preoperative referral of a plastic surgeon before mastectomy, complications associated with preoperative breast size, effects of hormone therapy on postoperative outcomes, and methods for detecting local recurrence after mastectomy were not being addressed by new research. Studies funded by the Plastic Surgery Foundation showed a similar pattern. Conclusions: Of the areas identified, some have received more attention than others. Gaps remain. The authors' results should spark interest in conducting research on these topics and, by so doing, strengthen the clinical practice guideline recommendations.


Japan Moving Toward A More Advanced Knowledge Economy 1

Japan  Moving Toward a More Advanced Knowledge Economy  1 PDF
Author: Tsutomu Shibata
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821366734
Size: 42.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business
Languages : en
Pages : 172
View: 3274

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Japan Moving Toward A More Advanced Knowledge Economy 1

by Tsutomu Shibata, Japan Moving Toward A More Advanced Knowledge Economy 1 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Japan Moving Toward A More Advanced Knowledge Economy 1 books, "These two volumes analyze Japan from the Knowledge Economy perspective, covering a wide range of sectoral issues in development including the macro economic framework, education and skills training, the national innovation system, science and technology, information and communication technology, and infrastructure. While Volume 1 explores the four pillare of the ""Knowledge for Development"" framework, the second volume presents up-to-date case studies of outstanding Japanese private companies that each characterize different aspects of the Knowledge Economy. By combining economics and business, these volumes allow readers to grasp the full scope of today's knowledge economy."


Knowledge Governance

Knowledge Governance PDF
Author: Reasserting the Public Interest
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783083166
Size: 37.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 300
View: 5679

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Knowledge Governance

by Reasserting the Public Interest, Knowledge Governance Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Knowledge Governance books, This book argues that the current international intellectual property rights regime, led by the World Trade Organization (WTO), has evolved over the past three decades toward overemphasizing private interests and seriously hampering public interests in access to knowledge and innovation diffusion. This approach concentrates on tangible and codified knowledge creation and diffusion in research and development (R&D) that can be protected via patents and other intellectual property rules and regulations. In terms of global policy initiatives, however, it is becoming increasingly clear that the WTO in particular is mostly a conflict-resolution facility rather than a global governance body able to generate cooperation and steer international coordinated policy action. At the same time, rent extraction and profits streaming from legal hyperprotection have become pervasively important for firm strategies to compete in a globalized marketplace. “Knowledge Governance: Reasserting the Public Interest” offers a novel approach – knowledge governance – in order to move beyond the current regime.


Group Work Practice To Advance Social Competence

Group Work Practice to Advance Social Competence PDF
Author: Norma Lang
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231522398
Size: 54.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 4585

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Group Work Practice To Advance Social Competence

by Norma Lang, Group Work Practice To Advance Social Competence Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Group Work Practice To Advance Social Competence books, Small social groups are fundamental for achieving personal growth, social development, socialization, and the skills of sustaining relevance, relationships, and connections to society. Unfortunately, those who would benefit most from small groups often find themselves unable to achieve membership. Lacking the necessary skills for entry, these individuals may never enjoy the advantages of group membership. Advancing a practice methodology that specifically targets the socially unskilled, Norma C. Lang provides much-needed guidance to practitioners helping individuals become part of group life. Grounded in extensive practice, Lang's methodology addresses the special needs and anomalous functioning of individuals who lack the skills to form and use groups. She outlines the unique pregroup processes of socially unskilled populations and provides a methodology for advancing social competence. She also identifies the professional and agency requirements for working with presocial processes. Widely applicable to practice with social work groups, Lang's method greatly expands the literature on social work theory and practice with individuals and groups.


Federal Human Nutrition Research Needs A Coordinated Approach To Advance Nutrition Knowledge

Federal Human Nutrition Research Needs a Coordinated Approach to Advance Nutrition Knowledge PDF
Author: United States. General Accounting Office
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 35.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Nutrition
Languages : en
Pages :
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Federal Human Nutrition Research Needs A Coordinated Approach To Advance Nutrition Knowledge

by United States. General Accounting Office, Federal Human Nutrition Research Needs A Coordinated Approach To Advance Nutrition Knowledge Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Federal Human Nutrition Research Needs A Coordinated Approach To Advance Nutrition Knowledge books,


The Knowledge Society

The Knowledge Society PDF
Author: Gernot Böhme
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400947240
Size: 55.44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 209
View: 3924

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The Knowledge Society

by Gernot Böhme, The Knowledge Society Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Knowledge Society books, The original essays collected here under the general title of The Knowledge Society were first commissioned for a conference held in the late fall of 1984 at the Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, West Germany. The conference in Darmstadt saw a larger number of contribu tions presented than could be accommodated in this edition of the Sociol ogy of the Sciences Yearbook. However, all contributions were important and affected those published in this collection. We are therefore grateful to all participants of the Darmstadt conference for their presentations and for their intense, useful as well as thoughtful discussion of all papers. Those chosen for publication in the Yearbook and those undoubtedly to be published elsewhere have all benefitted considerably from our discussions in Darmstadt which also included a number of the members of the edito rial board of the Yearbook. In addition, we are pleased that the authors were able to read and comment further on each other's papers prior to publication. As is the case in every endeavor of this kind, we have incurred many debts and are only able to acknowledge these at this point publicly while expressing our sincere thanks and appreciation for all the intellectual sup port and the considerable labor invested by a number of persons in the realization of the collection.


The Science Of The Soul In Colonial New England

The Science of the Soul in Colonial New England PDF
Author: Sarah Rivett
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 0807835242
Size: 26.61 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 364
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The Science Of The Soul In Colonial New England

by Sarah Rivett, The Science Of The Soul In Colonial New England Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Science Of The Soul In Colonial New England books, Though the U.S. Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion, it does not specify what counts as a religion. From its founding in the 1830s, Mormonism, a homegrown American faith, drew thousands of converts but far more critics. In "A Peculiar People", J. Spencer Fluhman offers a comprehensive history of anti-Mormon thought and the associated passionate debates about religious authenticity in nineteenth-century America. He argues that understanding anti-Mormonism provides critical insight into the American psyche because Mormonism became a potent symbol around which ideas about religion and the state took shape. Fluhman documents how Mormonism was defamed, with attacks often aimed at polygamy, and shows how the new faith supplied a social enemy for a public agitated by the popular press and wracked with social and economic instability. Taking the story to the turn of the century, Fluhman demonstrates how Mormonism's own transformations, the result of both choice and outside force, sapped the strength of the worst anti-Mormon vitriol, triggering the acceptance of Utah into the Union in 1896 and also paving the way for the dramatic, yet still grudging, acceptance of Mormonism as an American religion.


Philosophy Of Science After Feminism

Philosophy of Science after Feminism PDF
Author: Janet A. Kourany
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199889813
Size: 20.53 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 168
View: 3158

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Philosophy Of Science After Feminism

by Janet A. Kourany, Philosophy Of Science After Feminism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Philosophy Of Science After Feminism books, In this monograph Janet A. Kourany argues for a philosophy of science more socially engaged and socially responsible than the philosophy of science we have now. The central questions feminist scientists, philosophers, and historians have been raising about science during the last three decades form Kourany's point of departure and her response to these questions builds on their insights. This way of approaching science differs from mainstream philosophy of science in two crucial respects: it locates science within its wider societal context rather than treating science as if it existed in a social, political, and economic vacuum; and it points the way to a more comprehensive understanding of scientific rationality, one that integrates the ethical with the epistemic. Kourany develops her particular response, dubbed by her the ideal of socially responsible science, beyond the gender-related questions and contexts that form its origins and she defends it against a variety of challenges, epistemological, historical, sociological, economic, and political. She ends by displaying the important new directions philosophy of science can take and the impressive new roles philosophers of science can fill with the approach to science she offers.