Causality And Explanation

Causality and Explanation PDF
Author: Wesley C. Salmon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198026822
Size: 79.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 448
View: 3473

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Causality And Explanation

by Wesley C. Salmon, Causality And Explanation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Causality And Explanation books, For over two decades Wesley Salmon has helped to shape the course of debate in philosophy of science. He is a major contributor to the philosophical discussion of problems associated with causality and the author of two influential books on scientific explanation. This long-awaited volume collects twenty- six of Salmon's essays, including seven that have never before been published and others difficult to find. Part I comprises five introductory essays that presuppose no formal training in philosophy of science and form a background for subsequent essays. Parts II and III contain Salmon's seminal work on scientific explanation and causality. Part IV offers survey articles that feature advanced material but remain accessible to those outside philosophy of science. Essays in Part V address specific issues in particular scientific disciplines, namely, archaeology and anthropology, astrophysics and cosmology, and physics. Clear, compelling, and essential, this volume offers a superb introduction to philosophy of science for nonspecialists and belongs on the bookshelf of all who carry out work in this exciting field. Wesley Salmon is renowned for his seminal contributions to the philosophy of science. He has powerfully and permanently shaped discussion of such issues as lawlike and probabilistic explanation and the interrelation of explanatory notions to causal notions. This unique volume brings together twenty-six of his essays on subjects related to causality and explanation, written over the period 1971-1995. Six of the essays have never been published before and many others have only appeared in obscure venues. The volume includes a section of accessible introductory pieces, as well as more advanced and technical pieces, and will make essential work in the philosophy of science readily available to both scholars and students.


Causation And Explanation

Causation and Explanation PDF
Author: Joseph Keim Campbell
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262033631
Size: 78.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 315
View: 5833

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Causation And Explanation

by Joseph Keim Campbell, Causation And Explanation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Causation And Explanation books, Leading scholars discuss the development and application of theories of causation and explanation, offering a state-of-the-art view of current work on these two topics.


Making Things Happen

Making Things Happen PDF
Author: James Woodward
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195155273
Size: 42.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 410
View: 6362

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Making Things Happen

by James Woodward, Making Things Happen Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Making Things Happen books, In doing so, he shows how the manipulationist account both illuminates important features of successful causal explanation in the natural and social sciences and avoids the counterexamples and difficulties that infect alternative approaches, from the deductive-nomological model onward."--BOOK JACKET.


Causation And Explanation

Causation and Explanation PDF
Author: Stathis Psillos
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317489772
Size: 27.62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 3590

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Causation And Explanation

by Stathis Psillos, Causation And Explanation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Causation And Explanation books, What is the nature of causation? How is causation linked with explanation? And can there be an adequate theory of explanation? These questions and many others are addressed in this unified and rigorous examination of the philosophical problems surrounding causation, laws and explanation. Part 1 of this book explores Hume's views on causation, theories of singular causation, and counterfactual and mechanistic approaches. Part 2 considers the regularity view of laws and laws as relations among universals, as well as recent alternative approaches to laws. Part 3 examines the issues arising from deductive-nomological explanation, statistical explanation, the explanation of laws and the metaphysics of explanation. Accessible to readers of all levels, this book provides an excellent introduction to one of the most enduring problems of philosophy.


Scientific Explanation And The Causal Structure Of The World

Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World PDF
Author: Wesley C. Salmon
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691101701
Size: 20.29 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 305
View: 4677

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Scientific Explanation And The Causal Structure Of The World

by Wesley C. Salmon, Scientific Explanation And The Causal Structure Of The World Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Scientific Explanation And The Causal Structure Of The World books, The philosophical theory of scientific explanation proposed here involves a radically new treatment of causality that accords with the pervasively statistical character of contemporary science. Wesley C. Salmon describes three fundamental conceptions of scientific explanation--the epistemic, modal, and ontic. He argues that the prevailing view (a version of the epistemic conception) is untenable and that the modal conception is scientifically out-dated. Significantly revising aspects of his earlier work, he defends a causal/mechanical theory that is a version of the ontic conception. Professor Salmon's theory furnishes a robust argument for scientific realism akin to the argument that convinced twentieth-century physical scientists of the existence of atoms and molecules. To do justice to such notions as irreducibly statistical laws and statistical explanation, he offers a novel account of physical randomness. The transition from the "reviewed view" of scientific explanation (that explanations are arguments) to the causal/mechanical model requires fundamental rethinking of basic explanatory concepts.


Cause And Explanation In Ancient Greek Thought

Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought PDF
Author: R. J. Hankinson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199246564
Size: 41.68 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 499
View: 3138

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Cause And Explanation In Ancient Greek Thought

by R. J. Hankinson, Cause And Explanation In Ancient Greek Thought Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Cause And Explanation In Ancient Greek Thought books, R. J. Hankinson traces the history of ancient Greek thinking about causation and explanation, from its earliest beginnings around 600 BC through to the middle of the first millennium of the Christian era. The ancient Greeks were the first Western civilization to subject the ideas of cause and explanation to rigorous and detailed analysis, and to attempt to construct theories about them on the basis of logic and experience. Hankinson examines the ways in which they dealt with questions about how and why things happen as and when they do, about the basic constitution and structure of things, about function and purpose, laws of nature, chance, coincidence, and responsibility. Such diverse questions are unified by the fact that they are all demands for an account of the world that will render it amenable to prediction and control; they are therefore at the root of both philosophical and scientific enquiry. Hankinson draws on a wide range of original sources, in philosophy, naturalsciences, medicine, history, and the law, in order to create a synoptic picture of the growth and development of these central concepts in the Graeco-Roman world.


Aspekte Wissenschaftlicher Erkl Rung

Aspekte wissenschaftlicher Erkl  rung PDF
Author: Carl G. Hempel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110830485
Size: 22.22 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 249
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Aspekte Wissenschaftlicher Erkl Rung

by Carl G. Hempel, Aspekte Wissenschaftlicher Erkl Rung Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Aspekte Wissenschaftlicher Erkl Rung books,


Complementarity Causality And Explanation

Complementarity  Causality  and Explanation PDF
Author: John Losee
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412850967
Size: 68.54 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 141
View: 886

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Complementarity Causality And Explanation

by John Losee, Complementarity Causality And Explanation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Complementarity Causality And Explanation books, Philosophers have discussed the relationship of cause and effect from ancient times through our own. Prior to the work of Niels Bohr, these discussions presupposed that successful causal attribution implies explanation. The success of quantum theory challenged this presupposition. Bohr introduced a principle of complementarity that provides a new way of looking at causality and explanation. In this succinct review of the history of these discussions, John Losee presents the philosophical background of debates over the cause-effect relation. He reviews the positions of Aristotle, René Descartes, Isaac Newton, David Hume, Immanuel Kant, and John Stuart Mill. He shows how nineteenth-century theories in physics and chemistry were informed by a dominant theory of causality and how specific developments in physics provided the background for the emergence of quantum theory. Problems created for the "causality implies explanation" thesis by the emergence of quantum theory are reviewed in detail. Losee evaluates Bohr’s proposals to apply a principle of complementarity within physics, biology, and psychology. He also discusses the feasibility of using complementarity as a principle of interpretation within Christian theology. This volume, which includes an in-depth index, is an essential addition to the libraries of advanced undergraduate and graduate students, philosophers, and those interested in causality and explanation.


Causality And Modern Science

Causality and Modern Science PDF
Author: Mario Bunge
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412812151
Size: 66.25 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 424
View: 3062

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Causality And Modern Science

by Mario Bunge, Causality And Modern Science Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Causality And Modern Science books, The causal problem has become topical once again. While we are no longer causalists or believers in the universal truth of the causal principle we continue to think of causes and effects, as well as of causal and noncausal relations among them. Instead of becoming indeterminists we have enlarged determinism to include noncausal categories. And we are still in the process of characterizing our basic concepts and principles concerning causes and effects with the help of exact tools. This is because we want to explain, not just describe, the ways of things. The causal principle is not the only means of understanding the world but it is one of them. The demand for a fourth edition of this distinguished book on the subject of causality is clear evidence that this principle continues to be an important and popular area of philosophic enquiry. Non-technical and clearly written, this book focuses on the ontological problem of causality, with specific emphasis on the place of the causal principle in modern science. Mario Bunge first defines the terminology employed and describes various formulations of the causal principle. He then examines the two primary critiques of causality, the empiricist and the romantic, as a prelude to the detailed explanation of the actual assertions of causal determinism. Bunge analyzes the function of the causal principle in science, touching on such subjects as scientific law, scientific explanation, and scientific prediction. In so doing, he offers an education to layman and specialist alike on the history of a concept and its opponents. Professor William A. Wallace, author of Causality and Scientific Explanation said of an earlier edition of this work: "I regard it as a truly seminal work in this field."