Regional Approaches To Water Pollution In The Environment

Regional Approaches to Water Pollution in the Environment PDF
Author: P.E. Rijtema
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401066419
Size: 72.39 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 320
View: 658

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Regional Approaches To Water Pollution In The Environment

by P.E. Rijtema, Regional Approaches To Water Pollution In The Environment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Regional Approaches To Water Pollution In The Environment books, Regional Approaches to Water Pollution in the Environment integrates knowledge and experience on pollution problems related to industrial, agricultural and municipal activities and former military sites, with special emphasis on the Black Triangle: the region situated at the borders between North Bohemia, Polish Lower Silesia and South Saxony. Here, some five million inhabitants live in an area of brown coal basins having the highest emissions of sulphuric and nitrogen emission in the whole of Europe. The large-scale damage in this region is due to obsolete technology and insufficient equipment for monitoring emissions. Health effects are severe, and controlling the pollution can only be done at high cost. There is thus a need to exchange knowledge and experience on methods for evaluating the expected effects of measures and purification techniques to remedy ground and surface water pollution.


Regional Approaches To Water Pollution In The Environment

Regional Approaches to Water Pollution in the Environment PDF
Author: P.E. Rijtema
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400903456
Size: 11.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 320
View: 4767

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Regional Approaches To Water Pollution In The Environment

by P.E. Rijtema, Regional Approaches To Water Pollution In The Environment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Regional Approaches To Water Pollution In The Environment books, Regional Approaches to Water Pollution in the Environment integrates knowledge and experience on pollution problems related to industrial, agricultural and municipal activities and former military sites, with special emphasis on the Black Triangle: the region situated at the borders between North Bohemia, Polish Lower Silesia and South Saxony. Here, some five million inhabitants live in an area of brown coal basins having the highest emissions of sulphuric and nitrogen emission in the whole of Europe. The large-scale damage in this region is due to obsolete technology and insufficient equipment for monitoring emissions. Health effects are severe, and controlling the pollution can only be done at high cost. There is thus a need to exchange knowledge and experience on methods for evaluating the expected effects of measures and purification techniques to remedy ground and surface water pollution.


The Future Of Mariculture A Regional Approach For Responsible Development In The Asia Pacific Region

The Future of Mariculture  a Regional Approach for Responsible Development in the Asia Pacific Region PDF
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Fao Fisheries Proceedings
ISBN:
Size: 76.81 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 325
View: 941

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The Future Of Mariculture A Regional Approach For Responsible Development In The Asia Pacific Region

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, The Future Of Mariculture A Regional Approach For Responsible Development In The Asia Pacific Region Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Future Of Mariculture A Regional Approach For Responsible Development In The Asia Pacific Region books, Aquaculture in the Southeast Asian region has been growing steadily over the last few decades, requiring more space to accommodate it. The search for additional areas to expand the aquaculture industry as a whole and the identification of new farming species of commercial value to satisfy the growing local and export market are pushing the sector in some countries to broaden activities in the sea.


Legal And Institutional Approaches To Water Quality Management Planning And Implementation

Legal and Institutional Approaches to Water Quality Management Planning and Implementation PDF
Author: United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Water Planning Division
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 56.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Water
Languages : en
Pages : 563
View: 7517

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Legal And Institutional Approaches To Water Quality Management Planning And Implementation

by United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Water Planning Division, Legal And Institutional Approaches To Water Quality Management Planning And Implementation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Legal And Institutional Approaches To Water Quality Management Planning And Implementation books,


Economic And Energy Analyses Of Regional Water Pollution Control

Economic and Energy Analyses of Regional Water Pollution Control PDF
Author: Richard J. Heggen
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 25.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Power resources
Languages : un
Pages : 164
View: 431

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Economic And Energy Analyses Of Regional Water Pollution Control

by Richard J. Heggen, Economic And Energy Analyses Of Regional Water Pollution Control Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Economic And Energy Analyses Of Regional Water Pollution Control books, Two strategic approaches to water quality control in Oregon's Willamette River are presently being utilized: point source treatment and flow augmentation. Dry weather releases from reservoirs are for authorized purposes other than water quality. However, reservoirs can participate in pollution control by summer flow augmentation if authorized water resource objectives (flood control, navigation, etc.,) are not sacrificed. It is hypothesized that the differences in economic and total energy impacts between treatment and augmentation may be substantial. Of additional interest is the comparison between direct utilization of energy for Williamette Valley pollution control and indirect energy requirements of such programs. Input/output analysis (I/O) provides an econometric methodology to study economic impacts and direct and indirect energy response to pollution control alternatives. In this study, discharge and loadings are empirically related to surveyed direct dollar and energy expenses. An energy I/O national model is coupled with a comprehensive Willamette River dissolved oxygen model. Costs estimated for discharges resulting from different pollution control strategies are then transformed by I/O to total energy costs. Three approaches to environmental control for the Willamette were examined. One was that of current enforcement coupled with present levels of augmentation. Another consisted of less augmentation and increased wastewater treatment. Appropriate tactics involved advanced secondary methods of treatment, regionalization of treatment plants, and yet more stringent effluent requirements for industry. The third approach consisted of increased flow augmentation for water quality control. Corresponding treatment was somewhat relaxed. Each alternative of environmental control was evaluated as if it had been practiced in a study year of low natural runoff. The relation of augmentation for water quality to other river uses was utilized to value flow in a benefits-foregone manner. Independently, reservoir costs were allocated to water quality. An instream unit price was thus assigned to augmentation. For each alternative of treatment and augmentation, the dissolved oxygen quality of the Willamette was simulated and the costs of the environmental strategy estimated. River quality, dollar cost, and energy impact response surfaces were developed. Indirect energy costs, largely expended out of the region, were roughly twice the direct energy use. Because of the predominance of treatment expenses over augmentation cost and the energy-intensive nature of treatment, energy impact was substantially a reflection of treatment degree. Because augmentation reduced treatment required, energy and dollar efficient management calls for the full role of augmentation in water quality control. In some degree this presently occurs. Policies of the region were compared: the present commitments to environmental improvement and economic development were found to contradict the area's energy objectives. This report was submitted in fulfillment of Contract Number 68-03-2397 by Oregon State University, Water Resources Research Institute under the sponsorship of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This report covers the period April 1, 1976, to July 31, 1977, and work was completed as of April 1978.


Quality Of The Environment

Quality of the Environment PDF
Author: Orris C. Herfindahl
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317386655
Size: 75.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : un
Pages : 96
View: 261

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Quality Of The Environment

by Orris C. Herfindahl, Quality Of The Environment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Quality Of The Environment books, Contemporary society is dependent on man’s ability to work fundamental changes in the natural environment. In using resources to produce high and rising levels of income, however, effects are often produced that are incidental to the main purpose. This study, first published in 1965, explores some research approaches to the economic analysis of some of the key environmental problems, including water and air pollution, the introduction of chemical substances into the environment and the development of urban and rural space. This title will be of interest to students of environmental studies and economics.


Water And Sustainability In Arid Regions

Water and Sustainability in Arid Regions PDF
Author: Graciela Schneier-Madanes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048127764
Size: 14.34 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 349
View: 5471

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Water And Sustainability In Arid Regions

by Graciela Schneier-Madanes, Water And Sustainability In Arid Regions Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Water And Sustainability In Arid Regions books, International voices fill the pages of Water and Sustainability in Arid Regions, forming an original scientific exploration of current water research and management issues. In arid regions, agriculture that is ill-adapted to the environment, accelerated urbanization, poverty, and increasing pollution challenge access to and uses of water. Understanding these issues requires incorporating findings from both the physical and social sciences at different temporal and spatial scales. The chapters in this book were written by hydrologists, remote sensing specialists, ecologists, historians, economists, political scientists, architects, archaeologists, and other experts who live in and study arid lands. The authors present updates, overviews, and analyses of water challenges these areas have faced and are striving to address, from salinization in the fabled Taklimakan Desert in China to land degradation in the northern Mediterranean to groundwater over-exploitation in the southwestern United States. The book also examines desertification, remote sensing, qanat systems, architecture, arsenic contamination, and other case studies from Iran, the Maghreb region, Argentina and Chile, and Mexico. From this conceptual mosaic of comparative perspectives and research methods emerges a strong assumption: an interdisciplinary approach that combines physical and social sciences is the first step toward globally and comprehensively addressing water and sustainability."This book is a valuable and welcome contribution to the discussion of water and sustainable development. Through the collection of chapters, the book clearly illustrates the contemporary diversity of approaches to water scarcity and presents pertinent and new research findings that readers generally do not find compiled together. The result is a highly relevant, accessible, and timely resource that is unique in its international and interdisciplinary content. This is a must-read for anyone working on environmental and sustainability issues in arid lands."André Mariotti, University Pierre et Marie Curie, and INSU - CNRS (National Institute for Earth Sciences and Astronomy-National Center for Scientific Research/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), France "Anyone who reads this book will find himself or herself contemplating the need to rethink how we approach the issue of water and sustainability in arid lands. Drawing on the expertise of both physical and social scientists, the chapters taken as a whole present global, historic, and current perspectives on water scarcity in a multi-layered way that rarely has been done before." Miguel Solanes, Madrid Water Institute, Spain


Water Pollution Control

Water Pollution Control PDF
Author: Richard Helmer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203477545
Size: 80.48 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : un
Pages : 526
View: 5492

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Water Pollution Control

by Richard Helmer, Water Pollution Control Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Water Pollution Control books, This is a handbook for policy makers and environmental managers in water authorities and engineering companies engaged in water quality programmes, especially in developing countries. It is also suitable for use as a textbook or as training material for water quality management courses. It is a companion volume to Water Quality Assessment and Water


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